Australian New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Vernonia amygdalina

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Vernonia amygdalina

 

This species has no synonyms in The Plant List

 

No common names have been found

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Vernonia amygdalina: 528]

 

 

Popularity of Vernonia amygdalina over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Vernonia amygdalina (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Vernonia amygdalina as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 2789]

 

Medicinal plants (62), Vernonia amygdalina (58), Traditional medicine (25), Uganda (23), Malaria (20), Nigeria (18), Antioxidant (17), Plant extracts (17), Asteraceae (16), Ethnobotany (16), Antioxidants (12), leaves (12), self-medication (12), Antioxidant activity (11), Cytotoxicity (11), Antidiabetic (10), Free radicals (10), Anti-inflammatory activity (9), chemical constituents of plants <ARROW (9), Diabetes mellitus (9), Plasmodium falciparum (9), Traditional knowledge (9), Antimalarial (8), Ethnomedicine (8), Haemonchus contortus (8), herbal medicine (8), Lipid profile (8), Phytotherapy (8), Vernonia guineensis (8), Africa (7), Anthelmintic (7), Antimicrobial activity (7), Cameroon (7), carbon tetrachloride (7), Corrosion (7), Ethiopia (7), Ethnopharmacology (7), Inflammation (7), Internet resource (7), Medicinal plant (7), Streptozotocin (7), Vegetables (7), Azadirachta indica (6), B. EIS (6), B. Polarization (6), B. Weight loss (6), C. Acid inhibition (6), Diabetes (6), gongronema latifolium (6), Liver (6), South Africa (6), African medicinal plants (5), Antibacterial (5), blanching (5), Carrageenan (5), Conservation (5), Ethnoveterinary medicine (5), Ghana (5), Indigenous knowledge (5), Inhibition (5), leafy vegetables (5), Parasites (5), phenolic compounds (5), sesquiterpene lactones (5), Tannin (5), toxicity (5), Vernolide (5), A. Steel (4), analgesic (4), anthelminDOWN>tics (4), Antibacterial activity (4), Antiretroviral therapy (4), aqueous extract (4), Ascorbic acid (4), bitterness (4), Caprine (4), Chimpanzee (4), Chimpanzees (4), Extracts (4), Glaucolide (4), green leafy vegetables (4), Hepatoprotective (4), hepatoprotective activity (4), Hepatotoxicity (4), Histology (4), Insulin (4), medicinal properties (4), Pan troglodytes (4), parasite (4), Plasma insulin (4), Psoroptes cuniculi (4), Rats (4), Stigmastane derivatives (4), Tanzania (4), Urban ecology (4), Zoopharmacognosy (4)…..

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

medicinal (48.11), hemiparasite (10.06), vegetable (7.47), weed (3.68), timber (3.09), tannin (2.92), fruit (2.83), starch (1.72), breeding (1.32), fuelwood (1.15)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

References (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Vernonia amygdalina: 528; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Adesanoye OA, Adekunle AE, Adewale OB, Mbagwu AE, Delima AA, Adefegha SA, Molehin OR and Farombi EO (2013) Chemoprotective effect of Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Astereacea) against 2-acetylaminofluorene-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 0748233713498436. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/0748233713498436v1

 

de Roode JC, Lefevre T and Hunter MD (2013) Self-Medication in Animals. Science 340, 150-1. http://www.sciencemag.org

 

Kamboh AA, Hang SQ, Bakhetgul M and Zhu W-Y (2013) Effects of genistein and hesperidin on biomarkers of heat stress in broilers under persistent summer stress. Poult. Sci. 92, 2411-8. http://ps.fass.org/cgi/content/abstract/92/9/2411

 

Temitope Ok and Bamidele SA (2013) DETERMINATION OF THE CHROMIUM CONTENT IN SOME SELECTED VEGETABLES IN SOUTH-WEST ZONE, NIGERIA. FASEB J 27, lb254-. http://www.fasebj.org

 

Anonymous (2012) Reviews. Chemistry & Industry 76, 46-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cind.7612_16.x

 

Abdelqader A, Qarallah B, Al-Ramamneh D and Daş G (2012) Anthelmintic effects of citrus peels ethanolic extracts against Ascaridia galli. Veterinary Parasitology 188, 78-84. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030440171200115X

 

Adaramoye OA, Adedara IA and Farombi EO (2012) Possible ameliorative effects of kolaviron against reproductive toxicity in sub-lethally whole body gamma-irradiated rats. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 64, 379-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S094029931000165X

 

Adesanoye O, Molehin O, Delima A, Adefegha A and Farombi E (2012) Modulatory effect of methanolic extract of Vernonia amygdalina (MEVA) on tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced erythrocyte haemolysis. Cell Biochem Funct.

 

Adesanoye OA, Molehin OR, Delima AA, Adefegha AS and Farombi EO (2012) Modulatory effect of methanolic extract of Vernonia amygdalina (MEVA) on tert-butyl hydroperoxide–induced erythrocyte haemolysis. Cell Biochemistry and Function, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbf.2933

 

Akpera MT, Oguntayo BO and Jombo GTA (2012) Impact of Ganogerma applanatum extraction on haematological profiles of laboratory rats: a preliminary study in Nigeria. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease 2, 390-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2222180812600851

 

Alawa J, Carter K, Nok A, Kwanashie H, Adebisi S, Alawa C and Clements C (2012) Infectivity of macrophages and the histopathology of cutaneous lesions, liver and spleen is attenuated by leaf extract of Vernonia amygdalina in Leishmania major infected BALB/c mice. J Complement Integr Med 9, Article 10.

 

Amoussa-Hounkpatin W, Mouquet-Rivier C, Dossa RAM, Picq C and Avallone S (2012) Contribution of plant-based sauces to the vitamin A intake of young children in Benin. Food Chemistry 131, 948-55. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814611013628

 

Ashafa AOT, Orekoya LO and Yakubu MT (2012) Toxicity profile of ethanolic extract of Azadirachta indica stem bark in male Wistar rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 811-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112602342

 

Atangwho I, Ebong P, Eyong E, Asmawi M and Ahmad M (2012) Synergistic antidiabetic activity of Vernonia amygdalina and Azadirachta indica: biochemical effects and possible mechanism. J Ethnopharmacol 141, 878-87.

 

Atangwho IJ, Ebong PE, Eyong EU, Asmawi MZ and Ahmad M (2012) Synergistic antidiabetic activity of Vernonia amygdalina and Azadirachta indica: Biochemical effects and possible mechanism. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 878-87. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112002012

 

Atangwho IJ, Edet EE, Uti DE, Obi AU, Asmawi MZ and Ahmad M (2012) Biochemical and histological impact of Vernonia amygdalina supplemented diet in obese rats. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 19, 385-92. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1319562X1200037X

 

Attah A, O'Brien M, Koehbach J, Sonibare M, Moody J, Smith T and Gruber C (2012) Uterine contractility of plants used to facilitate childbirth in Nigerian ethnomedicine. J Ethnopharmacol 143, 377-82.

 

Attah AF, O'Brien M, Koehbach J, Sonibare MA, Moody JO, Smith TJ and Gruber CW (2012) Uterine contractility of plants used to facilitate childbirth in Nigerian ethnomedicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 143, 377-82. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112004424

 

Bigirimana J, Bogaert J, De Cannière C, Bigendako M-J and Parmentier I (2012) Domestic garden plant diversity in Bujumbura, Burundi: Role of the socio-economical status of the neighborhood and alien species invasion risk. Landscape and Urban Planning 107, 118-26. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204612001570

 

Burrows GE and Tyrl RJ (2012) Asteraceae Martinov. In 'Toxic Plants of North America'. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 150-256. (Wiley-Blackwell). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118413425.ch13

 

Cruz VMV and Dierig DA (2012) Trends in literature on new oilseed crops and related species: Seeking evidence of increasing or waning interest. Industrial Crops and Products 37, 141-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669011004560

 

Deng S and Li X (2012) Inhibition by Ginkgo leaves extract of the corrosion of steel in HCl and H2SO4 solutions. Corrosion Science 55, 407-15. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010938X11006093

 

Desai SN, Patel DK, Devkar RV, Patel PV and Ramachandran AV (2012) Hepatoprotective potential of polyphenol rich extract of Murraya koenigii L.: An in vivo study. Food and Chemical Toxicology 50, 310-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691511005710

 

Donfack ARN, Toyang NJ, Wabo HK, Tane P, Awouafack MD, Kikuchi H, Tamokou JDD, Kuiate JR and Oshima Y (2012) Stigmastane derivatives from the roots of Vernonia guineensis and their antimicrobial activity. Phytochemistry Letters 5, 596-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874390012001152

 

Eleyinmi AF (2012) Tropical Medicinal Plants in Food Processing and Preservation: Potentials and Challenges. In 'Progress in Food Preservation'. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 531-8. (Wiley-Blackwell). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781119962045.ch25

 

Ferchichi L, Derbré S, Mahmood K, Touré K, Guilet D, Litaudon M, Awang K, Hadi AHA, Le Ray AM and Richomme P (2012) Bioguided fractionation and isolation of natural inhibitors of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) from Calophyllum flavoramulum. Phytochemistry 78, 98-106. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942212000611

 

Ganga RB, Madhu KP and Vijaya RAD (2012) Investigation of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of leaves of Dalbergia paniculata (Roxb). Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 5, 455-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764512600777

 

Gonzalez-Coloma A, Bailen M, Diaz CE, Fraga BM, Martínez-Díaz R, Zuñiga GE, Contreras RA, Cabrera R and Burillo J (2012) Major components of Spanish cultivated Artemisia absinthium populations: Antifeedant, antiparasitic, and antioxidant effects. Industrial Crops and Products 37, 401-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669011004882

 

Habtamu T and Bekele A (2012) Species composition, relative abundance and habitat association of small mammals along the altitudinal gradient of Jiren Mountain, Jimma, Ethiopia. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12005

 

Hua L, Qi W-Y, Hussain SH, Gao K and Arfan M (2012) Highly oxygenated stigmastane-type steroids from the aerial parts of Vernonia anthelmintica Willd. Steroids 77, 811-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0039128X12000980

 

Kamatenesi-Mugisha M, Nalumansi P and Tabuti J (2012) 900 Nutri-Medicinal Plants for Manangement of Children Diseases in Uganda: Case Study of Namungalwe Sub County, Iganga District. Arch. Dis. Child. 97, A258-a-. http://adc.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/97/Suppl_2/A258-a

 

Karunamoorthi K and Tsehaye E (2012) Ethnomedicinal knowledge, belief and self-reported practice of local inhabitants on traditional antimalarial plants and phytotherapy. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 143-50. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000931

 

Kumar D, Kumar A and Prakash O (2012) Potential antifertility agents from plants: A comprehensive review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 1-32. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111009172

 

Lefèvre T, Chiang A, Kelavkar M, Li H, Li J, de Castillejo CLF, Oliver L, Potini Y, Hunter MD and de Roode JC (2012) Behavioural resistance against a protozoan parasite in the monarch butterfly. Journal of Animal Ecology 81, 70-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01901.x

 

Li X, Deng S and Fu H (2012) Inhibition of the corrosion of steel in HCl, H2SO4 solutions by bamboo leaf extract. Corrosion Science 62, 163-75. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010938X12002442

 

Lubinga S, Kintu A, Atuhaire J and Asiimwe S (2012) Concomitant herbal medicine and Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) use among HIV patients in Western Uganda: A cross-sectional analysis of magnitude and patterns of use, associated factors and impact on ART adherence. AIDS Care 24, 1375-83.

 

Lyumugabe F, Gros J, Thonart P and Collin S (2012) Occurrence of polyfunctional thiols in sorghum beer ‘ikigage’ made with Vernonia amygdalina ‘umubirizi’. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 27, 372-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ffj.3114

 

Markovics A, Cohen I, Muklada H, Glasser TA, Dvash L, Ungar ED, Azaizeh H and Landau SY (2012) Consumption of Pistacia lentiscus foliage alleviates coccidiosis in young goats. Veterinary Parasitology 186, 165-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401711008181

 

Masi S, Gustafsson E, Saint Jalme M, Narat V, Todd A, Bomsel M-C and Krief S (2012) Unusual feeding behavior in wild great apes, a window to understand origins of self-medication in humans: Role of sociality and physiology on learning process. Physiology &amp; Behavior 105, 337-49. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031938411003970

 

Moharram FA-e, Marzouk MS, El-Shenawy SM, Gaara AH and El Kady WM (2012) Polyphenolic profile and biological activity of Salvia splendens leaves. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2042-7158.2012.01544.x

 

Momoh MA, Muhamed U, Agboke AA, Akpabio EI and Osonwa UE (2012) Immunological effect of aqueous extract of Vernonia amygdalina and a known immune booster called immunace® and their admixtures on HIV/AIDS clients: a comparative study. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 181-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112600380

 

Ndagurwa HGT (2012) Bark stripping by chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) as a possible prophylactic measure in a pine plantation in eastern Zimbabwe. African Journal of Ecology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12001

 

Ngatu N, Okajima M, Yokogawa M, Hirota R, Takaishi M, Eitoku M, Muzembo B, Sabah A, Saruta T, Miyamura M, Kaneko T, Sano S and Suganuma N (2012) Anti-Allergic Effects of Vernonia amygdalina Leaf Extracts in Hapten-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-Like Disease in Mice. Allergol Int 61, 597-607.

 

Nong X, Fang C-L, Wang J-H, Gu X-B, Yang D-Y, Liu T-F, Fu Y, Zhang R-H, Zheng W-P, Peng X-R, Wang S-X and Yang G-Y (2012) Acaricidal activity of extract from Eupatorium adenophorum against the Psoroptes cuniculi and Sarcoptes scabiei in vitro. Veterinary Parasitology 187, 345-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401711008533

 

Nweze N, Ogidi A and Ngongeh L (2012) Anthelmintic potential of three plants used in Nigerian ethnoveterinary medicine. Pharm Biol.

 

Oboh G, Akinyemi AJ and Ademiluyi AO (2012) Inhibition of α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities by ethanolic extract of Telfairia occidentalis (fluted pumpkin) leaf. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 733-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112602196

 

Oga E, Sekine S, Shitara Y and Horie T (2012) P-glycoprotein mediated efflux in Caco-2 cell monolayers: The influence of herbals on digoxin transport. J Ethnopharmacol 144, 612-7.

 

Okokon JE, Udoh AE, Frank SG and Amazu LU (2012) Anti–inflammatory and analgesic activities of Melanthera scandens. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 144-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169111602098

 

Patel DK, Kumar R, Laloo D and Hemalatha S (2012) Diabetes mellitus: An overview on its pharmacological aspects and reported medicinal plants having antidiabetic activity. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 411-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112600677

 

Priso RJ, Traoré S, Din N, Ouedraogo O and Dibong SD (2012) Comparative analysis of plants close to houses in urban and rural areas in the littoral region of Cameroon. Nordic Journal of Botany 30, 482-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2012.01043.x

 

Probst L, Houedjofonon E, Ayerakwa HM and Haas R (2012) Will they buy it? The potential for marketing organic vegetables in the food vending sector to strengthen vegetable safety: A choice experiment study in three West African cities. Food Policy 37, 296-308. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306919212000188

 

Qiu F, Li Z, He L and Wang D (2012) HPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis and pharmacokinetics of luteoloside, a potential anticarcinogenic component isolated from Lonicera japonica, in beagle dogs. Biomedical Chromatography, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.2793

 

Rao BG, Rao PU, Rao ES, Rao TM and Praneeth. D VS (2012) Evaluation of in-vitro antibacterial activity and anti-inflammatory activity for different extracts of Rauvolfia tetraphylla L. root bark. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 818-21. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112602354

 

Saliu JA, Ademiluyi AO, Akinyemi AJ and Oboh G (2012) IN VITRO ANTIDIABETES AND ANTIHYPERTENSION PROPERTIES OF PHENOLIC EXTRACTS FROM BITTER LEAF (VERNONIA AMYGDALINA DEL.). Journal of Food Biochemistry, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2011.00576.x

 

Sandoval-Castro CA, Torres-Acosta JFJ, Hoste H, Salem AZM and Chan-Pérez JI (2012) Using plant bioactive materials to control gastrointestinal tract helminths in livestock. Animal Feed Science and Technology 176, 192-201. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840112002568

 

Sortino M, Derita M, Svetaz L, Raimondi M, Di Liberto M, Petenatti E, Gupta M and Zacchino S (2012) The Role of Natural Products in Discovery of New Anti-Infective Agents with Emphasis on Antifungal Compounds. In 'Plant Bioactives and Drug Discovery'. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 205-39. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118260005.ch6

 

Tag H, Kalita P, Dwivedi P, Das AK and Namsa ND (2012) Herbal medicines used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus in Arunachal Himalaya, northeast, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 786-95. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112001559

 

Toyang NJ, Wabo HK, Ateh EN, Davis H, Tane P, Kimbu SF, Sondengam LB and Bryant J (2012) In vitro anti-prostate cancer and ex vivo antiangiogenic activity of Vernonia guineensis Benth. (Asteraceae) tuber extracts. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 866-71. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411200181X

 

Trevisan G, Rossato MF, Walker CIB, Klafke JZ, Rosa F, Oliveira SM, Tonello R, Guerra GP, Boligon AA, Zanon RB, Athayde ML and Ferreira J (2012) Identification of the Plant Steroid {alpha}-Spinasterol as a Novel Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 Antagonist with Antinociceptive Properties. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 343, 258-69. http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/343/2/258

 

Villalba JJ and Landau SY (2012) Host behavior, environment and ability to self-medicate. Small Ruminant Research 103, 50-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448811004329

 

Wanzala W, Takken W, Mukabana WR, Pala AO and Hassanali A (2012) Ethnoknowledge of Bukusu community on livestock tick prevention and control in Bungoma district, western Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 298-324. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000347

 

Xu X, Yu Z, Shuai LI, Guo Y, Duan D and Fu P (2012) THE EFFECT OF KELP ON SERUM LIPIDS OF HYPERLIPIDEMIA IN RATS. Journal of Food Biochemistry, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2011.00606.x

 

Yadav S, Arya V, Kumar S and Yadav JP (2012) Anti-inflammatory activity of root, leaves and stem of Dipteracanthus patulus (Jacq.) Nees (Acanthaceae). Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, S187-S91. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112601567

 

Yashik S and Maurice M (2012) Predicting a single HIV drug resistance measure from three international interpretation gold standards. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 5, 566-72. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S199576451260100X

 

Yedjou CG, Saeed MA, Alamgir Hossain M, Dorsey W, Yu H and Tchounwou PB (2012) Basic apoptotic and necrotic cell death in human liver carcinoma (HepG2) cells induced by synthetic azamacrocycle. Environmental Toxicology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/tox.21786

 

Yisehak K, Becker A, Rothman JM, Dierenfeld ES, Marescau B, Bosch G, Hendriks W and Janssens GPJ (2012) Amino acid profile of salivary proteins and plasmatic trace mineral response to dietary condensed tannins in free-ranging zebu cattle (Bos indicus) as a marker of habitat degradation. Livestock Science 144, 275-80. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141311004793

 

Zhang Y-l, Li S, Yin C-p, Jiang D-h, Yan F-f and Xu T (2012) Response surface optimisation of aqueous enzymatic oil extraction from bayberry (Myrica rubra) kernels. Food Chemistry 135, 304-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814612007741

 

Adaramoye OA, Okiti OO and Farombi EO (2011) Dried fruit extract from Xylopia aethiopica (Annonaceae) protects Wistar albino rats from adverse effects of whole body radiation. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 63, 635-43. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0940299310000837

 

Adebayo JO and Krettli AU (2011) Potential antimalarials from Nigerian plants: A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133, 289-302. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110008093

 

Ademola I and Eloff J (2011) Anthelminthic activity of acetone extract and fractions of Vernonia amygdalina against Haemonchus contortus eggs and larvae. Trop Anim Health Prod 43, 521-7.

 

Adetutu A, Morgan WA and Corcoran O (2011) Ethnopharmacological survey and in vitro evaluation of wound-healing plants used in South-western Nigeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137, 50-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002406

 

Ajibola C, Eleyinmi A and Aluko R (2011) Kinetics of the inhibition of renin and angiotensin i converting enzyme by polar and non-polar polyphenolic extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Gongronema latifolium leaves. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 66, 320-7.

 

Akinola O, Omotoso G, Akinola O, Dosumu O and Adewoye E (2011) Effects of combined leaf extract of Vernonia amygdalina and Azadirachta indica on hepatic morphology and hepatotoxicity markers in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao 9, 1373-9.

 

Al-Said MS, Mothana RA, Al-Sohaibani MO and Rafatullah S (2011) Ameliorative Effect of Grewia tenax (Forssk) Fiori Fruit Extract on CCl4–Induced Oxidative Stress and Hepatotoxicity in Rats. Journal of Food Science 76, T200-T6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02381.x

 

Battu GR, Ethadi SR, Veda Priya G, Swathi Priya K, Chandrika K, Venkateswara Rao A and Reddy SO (2011) Evaluation of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of Euphorbia heyneana Spreng. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 1, S191-S4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169111601548

 

Baucom RS and de Roode JC (2011) Ecological immunology and tolerance in plants and animals. Functional Ecology 25, 18-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2010.01742.x

 

Bhoopat L, Srichairatanakool S, Kanjanapothi D, Taesotikul T, Thananchai H and Bhoopat T (2011) Hepatoprotective effects of lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn.): A combination of antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136, 55-66. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002121

 

Bigirimana J, Bogaert J, De Canniere C, Lejoly J and Parmentier I (2011) Alien plant species dominate the vegetation in a city of Sub-Saharan Africa. Landscape and Urban Planning 100, 251-67. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204611000211

 

Eddy NO (2011) Experimental and theoretical studies on some amino acids and their potential activity as inhibitors for the corrosion of mild steel, part 2. Journal of Advanced Research 2, 35-47. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2090123210001049

 

Eguale T, Tadesse D and Giday M (2011) In vitro anthelmintic activity of crude extracts of five medicinal plants against egg-hatching and larval development of Haemonchus contortus. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137, 108-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111003151

 

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Githiori JB, Athanasiadou S and Thamsborg SM (2006) Use of plants in novel approaches for control of gastrointestinal helminths in livestock with emphasis on small ruminants. Veterinary Parasitology 139, 308-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401706002548

 

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Adzu B, Abubakar MS, Izebe KS, Akumka DD and Gamaniel KS (2005) Effect of Annona senegalensis rootbark extracts on Naja nigricotlis nigricotlis venom in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 96, 507-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104005239

 

Akindahunsi AA and Salawu SO (2005) Antioxidant indices of some green leafy vegetables. Tropical Science 45, 33-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ts.43

 

Asase A, Oteng-Yeboah AA, Odamtten GT and Simmonds MSJ (2005) Ethnobotanical study of some Ghanaian anti-malarial plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 99, 273-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887410500173X

 

Becholie D, Tamir B, Terrill TH, Singh BP and Kassa H (2005) Suitability of tagasaste (Chamaecytisus palmensis L.) as a source of protein supplement to a tropical grass hay fed to lambs. Small Ruminant Research 56, 55-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448804000884

 

Benjamin L H (2005) The evolution of herbal medicine: behavioural perspectives. Animal Behaviour 70, 975-89. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347205002563

 

Bochelie D and Tamir B (2005) Acceptability and growth of lambs fed with different forms and levels of tagasaste (Chamaecytisus palmensis). Tropical Science 45, 41-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ts.45

 

Challand S (2005) Poster Abstracts

A survey of the use of medicinal plants and other traditional medicine in Kasese District, Uganda. J. Nutr. 135, 3037S-60. http://jn.nutrition.org

http://td.rsmjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/35/4/222

 

de Boer HJ, Kool A, Broberg A, Mziray WR, Hedberg I and Levenfors JJ (2005) Anti-fungal and anti-bacterial activity of some herbal remedies from Tanzania. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 96, 461-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104004751

 

Fregene A and Newman LA (2005) Breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa: How does it relate to breast cancer in African-American women? Cancer 103, 1540-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.20978

 

Ganiyu O (2005) Effect of blanching on the antioxidant properties of some tropical green leafy vegetables. LWT - Food Science and Technology 38, 513-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643804001884

 

Ghayur MN and Gilani AH (2005) Gastrointestinal stimulatory and uterotonic activities of dietary radish leaves extract are mediated through multiple pathways. Phytotherapy Research 19, 750-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1753

 

Howard CB and Samuel JY (2005) Modulation of CYP1A2 expression in ethanol-exposed mice in response to treatment with Vernonia amygdalina extract. AACR Meeting Abstracts 2005, 1233-a-. http://www.aacrmeetingabstracts.org/cgi/content/abstract/2005/1/1233-a

 

Iwalewa EO, Adewunmi CO, Omisore NO, Adebanji OA, Azike CK, Adigun AO, Adesina OA and Olowoyo OG (2005) Pro- and antioxidant effects and cytoprotective potentials of nine edible vegetables in southwest Nigeria. J Med Food 8, 539-44.

 

John A.O O (2005) Antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic effects of Bryophyllum pinnatum (Crassulaceae) leaf aqueous extract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 99, 13-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105000693

 

Kassim OO, Loyevsky M, Elliott B, Geall A, Amonoo H and Gordeuk VR (2005) Effects of Root Extracts of Fagara zanthoxyloides on the In Vitro Growth and Stage Distribution of Plasmodium falciparum. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 49, 264-8. http://aac.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/49/1/264

 

Krief S, Hladik CM and Haxaire C (2005) Ethnomedicinal and bioactive properties of plants ingested by wild chimpanzees in Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 101, 1-15. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105002631

 

Lemenih M and Teketay D (2005) Effect of prior land use on the recolonization of native woody species under plantation forests in the highlands of Ethiopia. Forest Ecology and Management 218, 60-73. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112705004615

 

Namaalwa J, Eid T and Sankhayan P (2005) A multi-species density-dependent matrix growth model for the dry woodlands of Uganda. Forest Ecology and Management 213, 312-27. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112705002306

 

Nwanjo HU (2005) Efficacy of aqueous leaf extract of vernonia amygdalina on plasma lipoprotein and oxidative status in diabetic rat models. Niger J Physiol Sci 20, 39-42.

 

Oboh G (2005) Effect of blanching on the antioxidant properties of some tropical green leafy vegetables. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und - Technologie. Food science and technology. 38, 5.

 

Oboh G, Ekperigin MM and Kazeem MI (2005) Nutritional and haemolytic properties of eggplants (Solanum macrocarpon) leaves. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 18, 153-60. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889157504000134

 

Pieters L and Vlietinck AJ (2005) Bioguided isolation of pharmacologically active plant components, still a valuable strategy for the finding of new lead compounds? Journal of Ethnopharmacology 100, 57-60. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105003454

 

Rocha LG, Almeida JRGS, Macêdo RO and Barbosa-Filho JM (2005) A review of natural products with antileishmanial activity. Phytomedicine 12, 514-35. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711305000358

 

Vigneron M, Deparis X, Deharo E and Bourdy G (2005) Antimalarial remedies in French Guiana: A knowledge attitudes and practices study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 98, 351-60. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105001261

 

Anonymous (2004) Vernonia Amygdalina Del., Extract 66327-54-6. In 'Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials'. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/0471701343.sdp51136

 

Adegbite AE and Ayodele MS (2004) Cytogenetic and phylogenetic studies in the genus VernoniaSchreb. Feddes Repertorium 115, 513-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fedr.200411050

 

Caroline I (2004) From aromatherapist to an animal aromatic practitioner – a personal journey. International Journal of Aromatherapy 14, 37-40. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0962456203001462

 

Clarkson C, Maharaj VJ, Crouch NR, Grace OM, Pillay P, Matsabisa MG, Bhagwandin N, Smith PJ and Folb PI (2004) In vitro antiplasmodial activity of medicinal plants native to or naturalised in South Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 92, 177-91. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104000728

 

Eleyinmi AF, Amoo IA, Oshodi AA and Hezekiah A (2004) Evaluation of the hopping potential of blends of Vernonia amygdalina, Garcinia kola, and Gongronema latifolium on sorghum lager beer quality and acceptability. Technical quarterly & the MBAA communicator. 41, 4. http://www.mbaa.com

 

Fontem DA, Olanya OM and Njualem BF (2004) Reaction of Certain Solanaceous and Asteraceous Plant Species to Inoculation with Phytophthora infestans in Cameroon. Journal of Phytopathology 152, 331-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0434.2004.00850.x

 

Hindrichsen IK, Osuji PO, Odenyo AA, Madsen J and Hvelplund T (2004) Effect of supplementation of maize stover with foliage of various tropical multipurpose trees and Lablab purpureus on intake, rumen fermentation, digesta kinetics and microbial protein supply of sheep. Animal Feed Science and Technology 113, 83-96. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840103003420

 

Izevbigie EB, Bryant JL and Walker A (2004) A Novel Natural Inhibitor of Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinases and Human Breast Cancer Cell Growth. Exp Biol Med 229, 163-9. http://ebm.rsmjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/229/2/163

 

Kabasa JD, Opuda-Asibo J, Thinggaard G and Meulen Ut (2004) The mineral scoring technique and evaluation of indigenous browse species as natural mineral phytocentres for goats in African rangelands. Tropical animal health and production. 36, 365-80. http://www.kluweronline.com/issn/0049-4747/contents

 

Kakudidi EK (2004) Cultural and social uses of plants from and around Kibale National Park, Western Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 42, 114-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2004.00472.x

 

Krief S, Martin M-T, Grellier P, Kasenene J and Sevenet T (2004) Novel Antimalarial Compounds Isolated in a Survey of Self-Medicative Behavior of Wild Chimpanzees in Uganda. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 48, 3196-9. http://aac.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/48/8/3196

 

Mahomed IM and Ojewole JAO (2004) Analgesic, antiinflammatory and antidiabetic properties of Harpagophytum procumbens DC (Pedaliaceae) secondary root aqueous extract. Phytotherapy Research 18, 982-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1593

 

O. Ojewole JA and Adewunmi CO (2004) Anti-inflammatory and hypoglycaemic effects of Tetrapleura tetraptera (Taub) [fabaceae] fruit aqueous extract in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 95, 177-82. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104003137

 

Oboh G and Akindahunsi AA (2004) Change in the Ascorbic Acid, Total Phenol and Antioxidant Activity of Sun-dried Commonly Consumed Green Leafy Vegetables in Nigeria. Nutrition and Health 18, 29-36. http://nah.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/18/1/29

 

Ojewole JAO (2004) Evaluation of the analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties of Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst. stem-bark aqueous extract in mice and rats. Phytotherapy Research 18, 601-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1503

 

Orubite KO and Oforka NC (2004) Inhibition of the corrosion of mild steel in hydrochloric acid solutions by the extracts of leaves of Nypa fruticans Wurmb. Materials Letters 58, 1768-72. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167577X03008796

 

Taiwo MA and Dijkstra J (2004) Properties of a virus isolated from Vernonia amygdalina Del. in Lagos, Nigeria. Acta Virol 48, 257-62.

 

Tarfa FD, Obodozie OO, Mshelia E, Ibrahim K and Temple VJ (2004) Evaluation of phytochemical and antimicrobial properties of leaf extract of Tapinanthus sessilifolius (P. Beauv) van Tiegh. Indian J Exp Biol 42, 326-9.

 

Tona L, Cimanga RK, Mesia K, Musuamba CT, Bruyne TD, Apers S, Hernans N, Van Miert S, Pieters L, Totté J and Vlietinck AJ (2004) In vitro antiplasmodial activity of extracts and fractions from seven medicinal plants used in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 93, 27-32. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104000844

 

Tona L, Cimanga RK, Mesia K, Musuamba CT, De Bruyne T, Apers S, Hernans N, Van Miert S, Pieters L, Totte J and Vlietinck AJ (2004) In vitro antiplasmodial activity of extracts and fractions from seven medicinal plants used in the Democratic Republic of Congo. J Ethnopharmacol 93, 27-32.

 

Anonymous (2003) Herbal Medicine. Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies 8, 348-. http://dx.doi.org/10.1211/fact.2003.00331

 

Abosi AO and Raseroka BH (2003) In vivo antimalarial activity of Vernonia amygdalina. Br J Biomed Sci 60, 89-91.

 

Ajaiyeoba EO, Oladepo O, Fawole OI, Bolaji OM, Akinboye DO, Ogundahunsi OAT, Falade CO, Gbotosho GO, Itiola OA, Happi TC, Ebong OO, Ononiwu IM, Osowole OS, Oduola OO, Ashidi JS and Oduola AMJ (2003) Cultural categorization of febrile illnesses in correlation with herbal remedies used for treatment in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 85, 179-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102003574

 

Alawa CB, Adamu AM, Gefu JO, Ajanusi OJ, Abdu PA, Chiezey NP, Alawa JN and Bowman DD (2003) In vitro screening of two Nigerian medicinal plants (Vernonia amygdalina and Annona senegalensis) for anthelmintic activity. Vet Parasitol 113, 73-81.

 

Alawa CBI, Adamu AM, Gefu JO, Ajanusi OJ, Abdu PA, Chiezey NP, Alawa JN and Bowman DD (2003) In vitro screening of two Nigerian medicinal plants (Vernonia amygdalina and Annona senegalensis) for anthelmintic activity. Veterinary Parasitology 113, 73-81. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401703000402

 

Avwiri GO and Igho FO (2003) Inhibitive action of Vernonia amygdalina on the corrosion of aluminium alloys in acidic media. Materials Letters 57, 3705-11. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167577X03001678

 

Braca A, Fico G, Morelli I, De Simone F, Tomè F and De Tommasi N (2003) Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of flavonol glycosides from different Aconitum species. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86, 63-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874103000436

 

Eilu G, Obua J, Tumuhairwe JK and Nkwine C (2003) Traditional farming and plant species diversity in agricultural landscapes of south-western Uganda. Agriculture, Ecosystems &amp; Environment 99, 125-34. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880903001403

 

Eriksson I, Teketay D and Granström A (2003) Response of plant communities to fire in an Acacia woodland and a dry Afromontane forest, southern Ethiopia. Forest Ecology and Management 177, 39-50. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112702003250

 

Giday M, Asfaw Z, Elmqvist T and Woldu Z (2003) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 85, 43-52. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102003598

 

Guido F (2003) Acaricides of natural origin, personal experiences and review of literature (1990-2001). In 'Studies in Natural Products Chemistry'. (Ed.^(Eds Atta-ur R) pp. 381-451. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1572599503801461

 

Hamill FA, Apio S, Mubiru NK, Bukenya-Ziraba R, Mosango M, Maganyi OW and Soejarto DD (2003) Traditional herbal drugs of Southern Uganda, II: literature analysis and antimicrobial assays. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 84, 57-78. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102002891

 

Hördegen P, Hertzberg H, Heilmann J, Langhans W and Maurer V (2003) The anthelmintic efficacy of five plant products against gastrointestinal trichostrongylids in artificially infected lambs. Veterinary Parasitology 117, 51-60. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401703003236

 

Howard CB, Stevens J, Izevbigie EB, Walker A and McDaniel O (2003) Time and dose-dependent modulation of phase 1 and phase 2 gene expression in response to treatment of MCF-7 cells with a natural anti-cancer agent. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 49, 1057-65.

 

Huffman MA (2003) Animal self-medication and ethno-medicine: exploration and exploitation of the medicinal properties of plants. Proc Nutr Soc 62, 371-81.

 

Izevbigie EB (2003) Discovery of Water-Soluble Anticancer Agents (Edotides) from a Vegetable Found in Benin City, Nigeria. Exp Biol Med 228, 293-8. http://ebm.rsmjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/228/3/293

 

J.A.O O (2003) Hypoglycemic effect of Sclerocarya birrea {(A. Rich.) Hochst.} [Anacardiaceae] stem-bark aqueous extract in rats. Phytomedicine 10, 675-81. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711304702810

 

Julius K T (2003) Analysis of the Thermal Energy Requirements for the Extraction of Leaf Protein Concentrate from some Green Plants. Biosystems Engineering 86, 473-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1537511003001661

 

Kraft C, Jenett-Siems K, Siems K, Jakupovic J, Mavi S, Bienzle U and Eich E (2003) In vitro antiplasmodial evaluation of medicinal plants from Zimbabwe. Phytotherapy Research 17, 123-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1066

 

Lwanga JS (2003) Forest succession in Kibale National Park, Uganda: implications for forest restoration and management. African Journal of Ecology 41, 9-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2028.2003.00400.x

 

Nwoke FIO (2003) Poster Abstracts

Effects of Number of Photoperiodic Cycles on Induction and Development of Flowers and Fruits in Corchorus olitorius L. (var. oniyaya Epen.). J. Nutr. 133, 3851S-68. http://jn.nutrition.org

http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/45/5/569

 

Okoli IC, Ebere CS, Uchegbu MC, Udah CA and Ibeawuchi II (2003) A survey of the diversity of plants utilized for small ruminant feeding in south-eastern Nigeria. Agriculture, Ecosystems &amp; Environment 96, 147-54. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016788090200172X

 

Onabanjo OO and Oguntona CRB (2003) Iron, zinc, copper and phytate content of standardized Nigerian dishes. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 16, 669-76. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889157503000632

 

Romanezi da Silveira R, Foglio MA and Gontijo JAR (2003) Effect of the crude extract of Vernonia polyanthes Less. on blood pressure and renal sodium excretion in unanesthetized rats. Phytomedicine 10, 127-31. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711304702044

 

Tabuti JRS, Dhillion SS and Lye KA (2003) Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of use. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 88, 279-86. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874103002654

 

Tabuti JRS, Dhillion SS and Lye KA (2003) Firewood use in Bulamogi County, Uganda: species selection, harvesting and consumption patterns. Biomass and Bioenergy 25, 581-96. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0961953403000527

 

Tabuti JRS, Lye KA and Dhillion SS (2003) Traditional herbal drugs of Bulamogi, Uganda: plants, use and administration. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 88, 19-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874103001612

 

Tangka JK (2003) Analysis of the thermal energy requirements for the extraction of leaf protein concentrate from some green plants. Biosystems engineering. 86, 473-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/15375110

 

Tchinda AT, Tane P, Ayafor JF and Connolly JD (2003) Stigmastane derivatives and isovaleryl sucrose esters from Vernonia guineensis (Asteraceae). Phytochemistry 63, 841-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942203003261

 

V S (2003) Traditional herbal remedies used by South African women for gynaecological complaints. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86, 97-108. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874103000539

 

Anonymous (2002) Subject index. In 'Studies in Natural Products Chemistry'. (Ed.^(Eds Atta ur R) pp. 1301-47. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1572599502800291

 

Alawa JP, Jokthan GE and Akut K (2002) Ethnoveterinary medical practice for ruminants in the subhumid zone of northern Nigeria. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 54, 79-90. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167587701002732

 

Aletor O, Oshodi AA and Ipinmoroti K (2002) Chemical composition of common leafy vegetables and functional properties of their leaf protein concentrates. Food Chemistry 78, 63-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814601003764

 

Cos P, Hermans N, De Bruyne T, Apers S, Sindambiwe JB, Vanden Berghe D, Pieters L and Vlietinck AJ (2002) Further evaluation of Rwandan medicinal plant extracts for their antimicrobial and antiviral activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 79, 155-63. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874101003622

 

Cos P, Hermans N, De Bruyne T, Apers S, Sindambiwe JB, Witvrouw M, De Clercq E, Vanden Berghe D, Pieters L and Vlietinck AJ (2002) Antiviral activity of Rwandan medicinal plants against human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1). Phytomedicine 9, 62-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711304700835

 

Cos P, Hermans N, Van Poel B, De Bruyne T, Apers S, Sindambiwe JB, Vanden Berghe D, Pieters L and Vlietinck AJ (2002) Complement modulating activity of Rwandan medicinal plants. Phytomedicine 9, 56-61. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711304700823

 

do Céu de Madureira M, Paula Martins A, Gomes M, Paiva J, Proença da Cunha A and do Rosário Vl (2002) Antimalarial activity of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in S. Tomé and Prı́ncipe islands. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 81, 23-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102000053

 

Geissler PW, Harris SA, Prince RJ, Olsen A, Odhiambo RA, Oketch-Rabah H, Madiega PA, Andersen A and Mølgaard P (2002) Medicinal plants used by Luo mothers and children in Bondo district, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 83, 39-54. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102001915

 

Jiwajinda S, Santisopasri V, Murakami A, Kawanaka M, Kawanaka H, Gasquet M, Eilas R, Balansard G and Ohigashi H (2002) In vitro anti-tumor promoting and anti-parasitic activities of the quassinoids from Eurycoma longifolia, a medicinal plant in Southeast Asia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 82, 55-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102001605

 

John A.O O (2002) Hypoglycaemic effect of Clausena anisata (Willd) Hook methanolic root extract in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 81, 231-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102000855

 

Maurice M I (2002) Introduction: therapeutic agents from ethnomedicine. In 'Advances in Phytomedicine'. (Ed.^(Eds Maurice MI and Jacqueline CW) pp. 1-22. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1572557X02800095

 

Nangendo G, Stein A, Gelens M, de Gier A and Albricht R (2002) Quantifying differences in biodiversity between a tropical forest area and a grassland area subject to traditional burning. Forest Ecology and Management 164, 109-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037811270100603X

 

Rabe T, Mullholland D and van Staden J (2002) Isolation and identification of antibacterial compounds from Vernonia colorata leaves. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 80, 91-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102000107

 

Smith O (2002) ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Nota Bene: Creature, Heal Thyself. Science 295, 2022-. http://www.sciencemag.org

 

Tchinda AT, Tsopmo A, Tane P, Ayafor JF, Connolly JD and Sterner O (2002) Vernoguinosterol and vernoguinoside, trypanocidal stigmastane derivatives from Vernonia guineensis (Asteraceae). Phytochemistry 59, 371-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942201004484

 

Anonymous (2001) Index. In 'Advances in Parasitology'. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 297-308. (Academic Press). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065308X01500330

 

Ávila V, Bertolotti SG, Criado S, Pappano N, Debattista N and García NA (2001) Antioxidant properties of natural flavonoids: quenching and generation of singlet molecular oxygen. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 36, 25-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2001.00428.x

 

Babalola OO, Anetor JI and Adeniyi FA (2001) Amelioration of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity by terpenoid extract from leaves of Vernonia amydgalina. Afr J Med Med Sci 30, 91-3.

 

Behrens M and Meyerhof W (2001) Bitter Taste Sensitivity in Humans and Chimpanzees. In 'eLS'. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0020778

 

de Carvalho PB and Ferreira EI (2001) Leishmaniasis phytotherapy. Nature's leadership against an ancient disease. Fitoterapia 72, 599-618. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X0100301X

 

Idowu AB and Idowu OA (2001) Effect of food plants on the volume of repellent secretion obtained in adult Zonocerus variegatus (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae). Rev Biol Trop 49, 679-84.

 

Kambizi L and Afolayan AJ (2001) An ethnobotanical study of plants used for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (njovhera) in Guruve District, Zimbabwe. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 77, 5-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874101002513

 

Kebrom T (2001) Natural regeneration of degraded hillslopes in Southern Wello, Ethiopia: a study based on permanent plots. Applied Geography 21, 275-300. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622801000066

 

Ketch LA, Malloch D, Mahaney WC and Huffman MA (2001) Comparative microbial analysis and clay mineralogy of soils eaten by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Tanzania. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 33, 199-203. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071700001292

 

Mølgaard P, Nielsen SB, Rasmussen DE, Drummond RB, Makaza N and Andreassen J (2001) Anthelmintic screening of Zimbabwean plants traditionally used against schistosomiasis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 74, 257-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874100003779

 

Noumi E and Yomi A (2001) Medicinal plants used for intestinal diseases in Mbalmayo Region, Central Province, Cameroon. Fitoterapia 72, 246-54. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X00002884

 

Seeff LB, Lindsay KL, Bacon BR, Kresina TF and Hoofnagle JH (2001) Complementary and alternative medicine in chronic liver disease. Hepatology 34, 595-603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/jhep.2001.27445

 

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 July 2014 by: ANCW