Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Vaccaria hispanica

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Vaccaria hispanica, Vaccaria hispanica subsp. oxyodonta

 

This species has also been known as:

Vaccaria hispanica var. oxyodonta

 

Common names:

Cow Soapwort

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Vaccaria hispanica: 65]

 

 

Popularity of Vaccaria hispanica over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Vaccaria hispanica (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Vaccaria hispanica as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 436]

 

Vaccaria hispanica (29), medicinal plants (12), seeds (10), chemical constituents of plants (9), Internet resource (8), chemical structure (7), Saponins (6), spectral analysis (6), triterpenoid saponins (5), Arable weeds (4), Caryophyllaceae (4), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (4), Carnation etched ring virus (3), cyclic peptides (3), extraction (3), Weeds (3), Acculturation (2), Agrostemma <ARROW githago (2), Biodiversity (2), biosynthesis (2), Botanical composition (2), chemical analysis (2), chemical composition (2), China (2), Conservation (2), Cow cockle (2), culture media (2), Dianthus caryophyllus (2), Endozoochorous seed dispersal (2), estrogenic properties (2), Ethnopharmacology (2), Fodder quality (2), Folk medicine (2), Germplasm (2), glycosides (2), Granada (2), high performance liquid chromatography (2), Human health (2), Industrial crop (2), Lolium rigidum (2), Medicinal (2), Oriental traditional medicine (2), photodiode array detector (2), pressure treatment (2), quantitative analysis (2), Restoration (2), sapogenins (2), seed germination (2), Seeded fallow (2), Sinapis arvensis (2), Spain (2), Vaccaria hispanica subsp. hispanica (2), Weed (2), winter wheat (2), “Seeded-manured” fallow (1), A. githago, in grain fields and waste areas (1), “Seeded-manured” fallow (1), ABTS (1), acid phosphatase (1), adventices (1), after-ripening (1), Agri-ecosystemDOWN>s (1), agroecology (1), alpha-amylase (1), Alternaria (1), altitude (1), amino acids (1), anatomy and morphology (1), annual weeds (1), antioxidant activity (1), antiserum (1), application timing (1), arable fields (1), Arctotis (1), assemblage (1), Australia (1), Austria (1), Avena fatua (1), Avena sativa (1), Bassia scoparia (1), Benign prostatic hyperplasia (1), beta diversity (1), beverages (1), bioaccumulation (1), bioactive properties (1), bioassays (1), Bioeconomic model (1), Biological conservation (1)…..

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

fodder (44.91), weed (26.32), birdseed (8.86), cereal (8.20), medicinal (1.61), timber (1.49), fruit (1.15), poison (0.63), revegetation (0.52), ornamental (0.49)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Hoseini E, Ghahremaninejad F, Assadi M and Edalatiyan MN (2017) Seed micromorphology and its implication in subgeneric classification of Silene (Caryophyllaceae, Sileneae). Flora 228, 31-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367253017300075

Chamorro L, Masalles RM and Sans FX (2016) Arable weed decline in Northeast Spain: Does organic farming recover functional biodiversity? Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 223, 1-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880915301572

Chen C, Huang D, Wang Q, Wu J and Wang K (2016) Invasions by alien plant species of the agro-pastoral ecotone in northern China: Species-specific and environmental determinants. Journal for Nature Conservation 34, 133-144. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1617138116301303

İkten H, Solak SS, Mutlu N, Ari E, Deniz IG and Genc I (2016) Transferability of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers developed from Caryophyllaceae Family to Vaccaria Hispanica (Mill.). Journal of Biotechnology 231, Supplement, S26. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168165616303753

Teitel Z, Laursen AE and Campbell LG (2016) Germination rates of weedy radish populations (Raphanus spp.) altered by crop-wild hybridisation, not human-mediated changes to soil moisture. Weed Research 56, 149-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wre.12194

Zhou G, Tang L, Wang T, Zhou X, Kou Z, Wu J and Wang Z (2016) Phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of Vaccaria hispanica (Miller) Rauschert: a review. Phytochemistry reviews. 15, 813-827. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11101-015-9425-1

(2015) Contents (graphical abstracts and research highlights). Phytochemistry Letters 11, v-xxiv. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874390015000439

Duddu HSN, Shirtliffe SJ and Willenborg CJ (2015) Evolutionary adaptation in cow cockle Vaccaria hispanica: a potential alternative crop. Genetic resources and crop evolution. 62, 879-891. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-014-0198-y

Nowak A, Nowak S, Nobis M and Nobis A (2015) Crop type and altitude are the main drivers of species composition of arable weed vegetation in Tajikistan. Weed Research 55, 525-536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wre.12165

Sun W-F, Zhu M-M, Li J, Zhang X-X, Liu Y-W, Wu X-R and Liu Z-G (2015) Effects of Xie-Zhuo-Chu-Bi-Fang on miR-34a and URAT1 and their relationship in hyperuricemic mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 161, 163-169. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114008666

Zhang Y-L, Jiang L-L, Xiao T-S, Chen S-Q and Li Y-B (2015) Three new compounds isolated from the seeds of Vaccaria segetalis. Journal of Asian natural products research. 17, 717-723. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286020.2014.992887

Zheng M-F, Ren H, Luo Y, Dong L-M, Wang L-Q, Zhou Z-Y and Tan J-W (2015) A new diantheramide and a new cyclic peptide from the seeds of Vaccaria hispanica. Phytochemistry Letters 11, 240-244. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874390015000087

Baskin CC and Baskin JM (2014) Chapter 7 - Germination Ecology of Seeds in the Persistent Seed Bank. In ‘Seeds (Second Edition)’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 187-276. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012416677600007X

Bergmeier E and Strid A (2014) Regional diversity, population trends and threat assessment of the weeds of traditional agriculture in Greece. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 175, 607-623. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12181

Duddu HSN and Shirtliffe SJ (2014) Variation of Seed Dormancy and Germination Ecology of Cowcockle (Vaccaria hispanica). Weed science. 62, 483-492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1614%2FWS-D-13-00125.1

Mazzio E, Badisa R, Mack N, Deiab S and Soliman KFA (2014) High Throughput Screening of Natural Products for Anti-mitotic Effects in MDA-MB-231 Human Breast Carcinoma Cells. Phytotherapy Research 28, 856-867. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5065

Meinecke A and Westphal A (2014) Quantitative reproductive potential of Heterodera schachtii on weeds typical for late summer fallow in sugar beet rotations. Weed Research 54, 624-634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wre.12116

Nowak A, Nowak S, Nobis M and Nobis A (2014) A report on the conservation status of segetal weeds in Tajikistan. Weed Research 54, 635-648. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wre.12103

Barber CJS, Pujara PT, Reed DW, Chiwocha S, Zhang H and Covello PS (2013) The Two-step Biosynthesis of Cyclic Peptides from Linear Precursors in a Member of the Plant Family Caryophyllaceae Involves Cyclization by a Serine Protease-like Enzyme. J. Biol. Chem. 288, 12500-12510. http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/abstract/288/18/12500

Chen H, Liu Y, Zhang X, Zhan X and Liu C (2013) Cloning and characterization of the gene encoding β-amyrin synthase in the glycyrrhizic acid biosynthetic pathway in Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B 3, 416-424. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211383513000816

Owatworakit A, Townsend B, Louveau T, Jenner H, Rejzek M, Hughes RK, Saalbach G, Qi X, Bakht S, Roy AD, Mugford ST, Goss RJM, Field RA and Osbourn A (2013) Glycosyltransferases from Oat (Avena) Implicated in the Acylation of Avenacins. J. Biol. Chem. 288, 3696-3704. http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/abstract/288/6/3696

Wasowicz P, Przedpelska-Wasowicz EM and Kristinsson H (2013) Alien vascular plants in Iceland: Diversity, spatial patterns, temporal trends, and the impact of climate change. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 208, 648-673. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367253013001126

Willenborg CJ and Johnson EN (2013) Influence of seeding date and seeding rate on cow cockle, a new medicinal and industrial crop. Industrial Crops and Products 49, 554-560. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669013002781

Witt T, Jürgens A and Gottsberger G (2013) Nectar sugar composition of European Caryophylloideae (Caryophyllaceae) in relation to flower length, pollination biology and phylogeny. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26, 2244-2259. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeb.12224

Zhang H, Jing Y and Wu G (2013) Inhibitory effects of crude polysaccharides from semen vaccariae on benign prostatic hyperplasia in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 145, 667-669. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112008045

Balsevich JJ, Ramirez-Erosa I, Hickie RA, Dunlop DM, Bishop GG and Deibert LK (2012) Antiproliferative activity of Saponaria vaccaria constituents and related compounds. Fitoterapia. 83, 170-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2011.10.010

Burrows GE and Tyrl RJ (2012) Caryophyllaceae Juss. In ‘Toxic Plants of North America’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 323-332. (Wiley-Blackwell). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118413425.ch21

Efthimiadou A, Karkanis A, Bilalis D and Katsenios N (2012) Cultivation of cow cockle (Vaccaria hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert): An industrial–medicinal weed. Industrial Crops and Products 40, 307-311. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669012001835

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Vaccaria hispanica: 65; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Barber CJS, Pujara PT, Reed DW, Chiwocha S, Zhang H and Covello PS (2013) The Two-step Biosynthesis of Cyclic Peptides from Linear Precursors in a Member of the Plant Family Caryophyllaceae Involves Cyclization by a Serine Protease-like Enzyme. J. Biol. Chem. 288, 12500-10. http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/abstract/288/18/12500

Owatworakit A, Townsend B, Louveau T, Jenner H, Rejzek M, Hughes RK, Saalbach G, Qi X, Bakht S, Roy AD, Mugford ST, Goss RJM, Field RA and Osbourn A (2013) Glycosyltransferases from Oat (Avena) Implicated in the Acylation of Avenacins. J. Biol. Chem. 288, 3696-704. http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/abstract/288/6/3696

Burrows GE and Tyrl RJ (2012) Caryophyllaceae Juss. In ‘Toxic Plants of North America’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 323-32. (Wiley-Blackwell). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118413425.ch21

Efthimiadou A, Karkanis A, Bilalis D and Katsenios N (2012) Cultivation of cow cockle (Vaccaria hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert): An industrial–medicinal weed. Industrial Crops and Products 40, 307-11. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669012001835

Condie JA, Nowak G, Reed DW, Balsevich JJ, Reaney MJT, Arnison PG and Covello PS (2011) The biosynthesis of Caryophyllaceae-like cyclic peptides in Saponaria vaccaria L. from DNA-encoded precursors. The Plant Journal 67, 682-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2011.04626.x

Saatkamp A, Affre L, Dutoit T and Poschlod P (2011) Germination traits explain soil seed persistence across species: the case of Mediterranean annual plants in cereal fields. Ann. Bot. 107, 415-26. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/107/3/415

Zhang H, Wang K, Wu J, Chen Y and He P (2011) A new flavonoid glycoside from Vaccaria hispanica. Nat Prod Commun 6, 1599-602.

Benítez G, González-Tejero MR and Molero-Mesa J (2010) Pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the western part of Granada province (southern Spain): Ethnopharmacological synthesis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 129, 87-105. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110001315

Olesen JM, Dupont YL, O’Gorman E, Ings TC, Layer K, Melián CJ, Trøjelsgaard K, Pichler DE, Rasmussen C and Woodward G (2010) Chapter 1 - From Broadstone to Zackenberg: Space, Time and Hierarchies in Ecological Networks. In ‘Advances in Ecological Research’. (Ed.^(Eds Guy W) pp. 1-69. (Academic Press). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123813633000010

Ramos ME, Robles AB and González-Rebollar JL (2010) Ley-farming and seed dispersal by sheep: Two methods for improving fallow pastures in semiarid Mediterranean environments? Agriculture, Ecosystems &amp; Environment 137, 124-32. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880910000289

Balsevich JJ, Bishop GG and Deibert LK (2009) Use of digitoxin and digoxin as internal standards in HPLC analysis of triterpene saponin-containing extracts. Phytochemical analysis. 20, 38-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.1095

Brun C (2009) Biodiversity changes in highly anthropogenic environments (cultivated and ruderal) since the Neolithic in eastern France. The Holocene 19, 861-71. http://hol.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/19/6/861

GÜçlÜ-ÜstÜndağ Ãz and Mazza G (2009) Effects of Pressurized Low Polarity Water Extraction Parameters on Antioxidant Properties and Composition of Cow Cockle Seed Extracts. Plant foods for human nutrition. 64, 32-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11130-008-0093-9

Pinke G, PÁL R, Botta-DukÁT Z and ChytrÝ M (2009) Weed vegetation and its conservation value in three management systems of Hungarian winter cereals on base-rich soils. Weed Research 49, 544-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2009.00730.x

Saatkamp A, Affre L, Dutoit T and Poschlod P (2009) The seed bank longevity index revisited: limited reliability evident from a burial experiment and database analyses. Ann. Bot. 104, 715-24. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/104/4/715

ŠIlc U, VrbniČAnin S, BoŽIĆ D, ČArni A and StevanoviĆ ZD (2009) Weed vegetation in the north-western Balkans: diversity and species composition. Weed Research 49, 602-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2009.00726.x

Anonymous (2008) Appendix. In ‘Weed-Crop Competition’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 200-10. (Blackwell Publishing Professional). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470290224.app1

Anonymous (2008) The Effect of Weed Density. In ‘Weed-Crop Competition’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 27-108. (Blackwell Publishing Professional). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470290224.ch5

Güçlü-Üstündağ Oz and Mazza G (2008) Extraction of saponins and cyclopeptides from cow cockle seed with pressurized low polarity water. Food science and technology. 41, 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2007.10.019

Moreno-de las Heras M, Nicolau JM and Espigares T (2008) Vegetation succession in reclaimed coal-mining slopes in a Mediterranean-dry environment. Ecological Engineering 34, 168-78. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857408001523

Shimono Y and Konuma A (2008) Effects of human-mediated processes on weed species composition in internationally traded grain commodities. Weed Research 48, 10-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2008.00605.x

Dutoit T, Buisson E, Gerbaud E, Roche P and Tatoni T (2007) The status of transitions between cultivated fields and their boundaries: ecotones, ecoclines or edge effects? Acta Oecologica 31, 127-36. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X06001421

GarcÍA-MartÍN A, LÓPez-Bellido RJ and Coleto JM (2007) Fertilisation and weed control effects on yield and weeds in durum wheat grown under rain-fed conditions in a Mediterranean climate. Weed Research 47, 140-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2007.00547.x

Guclu-Ustundag O, Balsevich J and Mazza G (2007) Pressurized low polarity water extraction of saponins from cow cockle seed. Journal of food engineering. 80, 619-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2006.06.024

Meesapyodsuk D, Balsevich J, Reed DW and Covello PS (2007) Saponin Biosynthesis in Saponaria vaccaria. cDNAs Encoding beta-Amyrin Synthase and a Triterpene Carboxylic Acid Glucosyltransferase. Plant Physiology 143, 959-69. http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/abstract/143/2/959

Sanchez-Navarro JA, Cañizares MC, Cano EA and Pallas V (2007) Plant tissue distribution and chemical inactivation of six carnation viruses. Crop protection. 26, 7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2006.09.016

Schmidt JF, Moore MD, Pelcher LE and Covello PS (2007) High efficiency Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation of Saponaria vaccaria L. (Caryophyllaceae) using fluorescence selection. Plant cell reports. 26, 1547-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00299-007-0369-9

Stehlik I, Caspersen JP, Wirth LEA and Holderegger R (2007) Floral free fall in the Swiss lowlands: environmental determinants of local plant extinction in a peri-urban landscape. Journal of Ecology 95, 734-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2007.01246.x

Balsevich JJ, Bishop GG and Ramirez-Erosa I (2006) Analysis of bisdesmosidic saponins in Saponaria vaccaria L. by HPLC-PAD-MS: identification of new quillaic acid and gypsogenin 3-O-Trisaccharides. Phytochemical analysis. 17, 414-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.943

Börner A (2006) Preservation of plant genetic resources in the biotechnology era. Biotechnology Journal 1, 1393-404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/biot.200600131

Fior S, Karis PO, Casazza G, Minuto L and Sala F (2006) Molecular phylogeny of the Caryophyllaceae (Caryophyllales) inferred from chloroplast matK and nuclear rDNA ITS sequences. Am. J. Botany 93, 399-411. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/93/3/399

Kernan Z and Ferrie AMR (2006) Microspore embryogenesis and the development of a double haploidy protocol for cow cockle (Saponaria vaccaria). Plant cell reports. 25, 274-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00299-005-0064-7

Sanz-Elorza M, Dana ED and Sobrino E (2006) Invasibility of an inland area in NE Spain by alien plants. Acta Oecologica 29, 114-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X05000974

TardÍO J, Pardo-De-Santayana M and Morales R (2006) Ethnobotanical review of wild edible plants in Spain. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 152, 27-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2006.00549.x

Dutoit T, Buisson E, Roche P and Alard D (2004) Land use history and botanical changes in the calcareous hillsides of Upper-Normandy (north-western France): new implications for their conservation management. Biological Conservation 115, 1-19. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320703000892

Pannell DJ, Stewart V, Bennett A, Monjardino M, Schmidt C and Powles SB (2004) RIM: a bioeconomic model for integrated weed management of Lolium rigidum in Western Australia. Agricultural Systems 79, 305-25. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308521X03000891

Harald A (2003) Suitability of arable weeds as indicator organisms to evaluate species conservation effects of management in agricultural ecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems &amp; Environment 98, 201-11. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880903000811

Dutoit T, Gerbaud E, Ourcival J-M, Roux M and Alard D (2001) Recherche prospective sur la dualité entre caractéristiques morphologiques et capacités de compétition des végétaux : le cas des espèces adventices et du blé. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences - Series III - Sciences de la Vie 324, 261-72. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0764446900012968

McCollin D, Moore L and Sparks T (2000) The flora of a cultural landscape: environmental determinants of change revealed using archival sources. Biological Conservation 92, 249-63. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320799000701

Koike ST, Henderson DM, Tjosvold SA and Simmons EG (1999) Outbreak of leaf spot of saponaria caused by Alternaria saponariae in California. Plant disease. 83, 694.

Baskin CC and Baskin JM (1998) Chapter 7 - Germination Ecology of Seeds in the Persistent Seed Bank. In ‘Seeds’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 133-79. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780120802609500075

Jia Z, Koike K, Kudo M, Li H and Nikaido T (1998) Triterpenoid saponins and sapogenins from Vaccaria segetalis. Phytochemistry. 48, 529-36.

Koike K, Jia Z and Nikaido T (1998) Triterpenoid saponins from Vaccaria segetalis. Phytochemistry. 47, 1343-9.

Sang S, Lao A, Wang H, Chen Z, Uzawa J and Fujimoto Y (1998) A phenylpropanoid glycoside from Vaccaria segetalis. Phytochemistry. 48, 569-71.

Tanji and Elgharous (1998) A survey of mineral composition of weed seeds. Weed Research 38, 79-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3180.1998.00080.x

Yun YS, Shimizu K, Morita H, Takeya K, Itokawa H and Shirota O (1998) Triterpenoid saponin from Vaccaria segetalis. Phytochemistry. 47, 143-4.

Tanji A and Zimdahl RL (1997) The competitive ability of wheat (Triticum aestivum) compared to rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) and cowcockle (Vaccaria hispanica). Weed science 45, 481-7.

Yun YS, Morita H, Takeya K and Itokawa H (1997) Cyclic peptides from higher plants. 34. Segetalins G and H, structures and estrogen-like activity of cyclic pentapeptides from Vaccaria segetalis. Journal of natural products. 60, 216-8.

Morita H, Yun YS, Takeya K, Itokawa H and Shirota O (1996) A cyclic heptapeptide from Vaccaria segetalis. Phytochemistry. 42, 439-41.

Saavedra M and Pastor M (1996) Weed populations in olive groves under non-tillage and conditions of rapid degradation of simazine. Weed Research 36, 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.1996.tb01795.x

Itokawa H, Yun Y, Morita H, Takeya K and Yamada K (1995) Estrogen-like activity of cyclic peptides from Vaccaria segetalis extracts. Planta medica. 61, 561-2.

Steiner AM and Ruckenbauer P (1995) Germination of 110-year-old cereal and weed seeds, the Vienna Sample of 1877. Verification of effective ultra-dry storage at ambient temperature. Seed science research. 5, 195-9.

Bernhardt D, Trutwig A and Barkhold A (1993) Synthesis of DNA and the development of amylase and phosphatase activities in cotyledons of germinating seeds of Vaccaria pyramidata. Journal of experimental botany. 44, 695-9.

Mazza G, Biliaderis CG, Przybylski R and Oomah BD (1992) Compositional and morphological characteristics of cow cockle (Saponaria vacaria) seed, a potential alternative crop. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 40, 1520-3.

Hidalgo B, Saavedra M and Garcia-Torres L (1990) Weed flora of dryland crops in the Córdoba region (Spain)

Flora adventice dans les cúltures de sol sec dans la région de Cordoue

Die Unkrautflora nichtbewässerter Kulturen in der Region Córdoba (Spanien). Weed Research 30, 309-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.1990.tb01718.x

Khanna P, Kumar P, Purohit PV, Bansal V, Sharma A, Kaushik P, Ratnoo RK, Chaturvedi P and Malhotra P (1990) Flavonoid contents from normal and d1-beta-phenylalanine cinnamic acid fed plant tissue cultures. Acta botanica Indica. 18, 118-20.

Kazmi SNH, Ahmed Z and Malik A (1989) Sapxanthone, a pentasubstituted xanthone from Saponaria vaccaria. Phytochemistry., 12.

Holt NW and Hunter JH (1987) Annual canarygrass (Phalaris canariensis) tolerance of weed control following herbicide application. Weed science. 35, 673-7.

Hsu HT and Lawson RH (1985) Detection of carnation etched ring virus using mouse monoclonal antibodies and polyclonal chicken and rabbit antisera. Acta horticulturae. 164, 164.

Hull R and Donson J (1982) Physical mapping of the DNAs of carnation etched ring and figwort mosaic viruses. Journal of general virology. 60, 125-34.

Kohler KH, Muller U, Hecker M and Bernhardt D (1982) Synthesis of proteins, RNA and DNA in dormant and after-ripened Caryophyllaceae seeds. Biologia plantarum., 5.

Lawson RH and Civerolo EL (1978) Carnation etched ring virus: Purification, stability of inclusions, and properties of the nucleic acid. Phytopathology., 2. http://hdl.handle.net/10113/35163 http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/Phyto-68-181

Mathre DE and Johnston RH (1972) Alternaria dianthi leafspot of cowcockle in Montana. Plant disease reporter/ 56, 8.

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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