Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Symplocos spicata

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Symplocos spicata

 

This species has also been known as:

Symplocos spicata var. australis

 

No common names have been found

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Symplocos spicata: 20]

 

 

Popularity of Symplocos spicata over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Symplocos spicata (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Symplocos spicata as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 92]

 

Symplocaceae (5), Fastness properties (2), Mordanting (2), Olive mill wastewater (2), Paracetamol (2), Parameters effect (2), phynylbutazone (2), Regeneration (2), Shola forest (2), Steroid (2), Symplocos paniculata (2), Symplocos spicata (2), Triterpenoid (2), triterpenoid saponins (2), Valorization (2), Wool dyeing (2), 19α-hydroxyursolic acid derivatives. (1), 3, 28-O-bisglucosides of 19α-hydroxyarjunolic and 19α-hydroxyasiatic acids. (1), altitude (1), Canonical correspondence analysis (1), Climate (1), days to germination (1), Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (1), Edaphic characteristic (1), Edaphic factors (1), Edge effect (1), Eucalyptus (1), fbwering season (1), Floristic diversity (1), Food coloration (1), Forest hydrology (1), fruiting season (1), Grassland-shola forest (1), Haemolysis (1), Horton Plains (1), jhum fallow (1), jhum fields (1), kanjone (1), karanjin (1), karnataka (1), Lanceolatin-B (1), Leguminosae (1), Low flow (1), microbial biomass (1), Microenvironment (1), Milletia ovalifolia (1), Mordants (1), Morolic acid (1), Natural Dyes (1), Oleanolic acid (1), Peak flow (1), plant health (1), Pollen (1), pongaglabrone (1), Protective textiles (1), R. koehneanus (1), R. medius (1), R. trifidus (1), restoration (1), rhamnetin 3-digalactoside. (1), Rice and hunter-gatherers (1), Rosaceae (1), Rubus microphyllus (1), seed size (1), seed viability (1), separation of analogous glycosides (1), slash-and-burn (1), soil nutrients (1), structure elucidation (1), succession (1), Symplocos glomerata (1), triterpene glucosyl esters (1), β-sitosterol and two new prenylated flavanones. (1)

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

dye (94.20), pesticide (2.46), resin (0.45), shade (0.43), fuelwood (0.42), weed (0.20), flavouring/spice (0.19), ornamental (0.16), poison (0.16), starch (0.12)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Rao MV, Sundararaj R, Pachu AV and Shanbhag RR (2016) Deterioration of imported timber by marine borers along Visakhapatnam tropical harbour, India. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 109, 1-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096483051530175X

Rivière C (2016) Chapter 7 - Dihydrochalcones: Occurrence in the Plant Kingdom, Chemistry and Biological Activities. In ‘Studies in Natural Products Chemistry’. (Ed.^(Eds Atta ur R) pp. 253-381. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444639325000073

Shahid M, Shahid ul I and Mohammad F (2013) Recent advancements in natural dye applications: a review. Journal of Cleaner Production 53, 310-31. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652613001698

Meksi N, Haddar W, Hammami S and Mhenni MF (2012) Olive mill wastewater: A potential source of natural dyes for textile dyeing. Industrial Crops and Products 40, 103-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669012001495

Premathilake R (2012) Human used upper montane ecosystem in the Horton Plains, central Sri Lanka – a link to Lateglacial and early Holocene climate and environmental changes. Quaternary Science Reviews 50, 23-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379112002612

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Symplocos spicata: 20; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Meksi N, Haddar W, Hammami S and Mhenni MF (2012) Olive mill wastewater: A potential source of natural dyes for textile dyeing. Industrial Crops and Products 40, 103-109. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669012001495

Semwal RB, Semwal DK, Semwal R, Singh R and Rawat MSM (2011) Chemical constituents from the stem bark of Symplocos paniculata Thunb. with antimicrobial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 78-87. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111001061

Waffo-Téguo P, Voutquenne L, Thoison O, Dumontet V, Nguyen VH and Lavaud C (2004) Acetylated glucuronide triterpene bidesmosidic saponins from Symplocos glomerata. Phytochemistry 65, 741-750. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942204000378

Arunachalam A and Pandey HN (2003) Ecosystem Restoration of Jhum Fallows in Northeast India: Microbial C and N Along Altitudinal and Successional Gradients. Restoration Ecology 11, 168-173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1526-100X.2003.00013.x

Sikka AK, Samra JS, Sharda VN, Samraj P and Lakshmanan V (2003) Low flow and high flow responses to converting natural grassland into bluegum (Eucalyptus globulus) in Nilgiris watersheds of South India. Journal of Hydrology 270, 12-26. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169402001725

Murali KS (1997) Patterns of Seed Size, Germination and Seed Viability of Tropical Tree Species in Southern India1. Biotropica 29, 271-279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.1997.tb00428.x

Jose S, Gillespie AR, George SJ and Kumar BM (1996) Vegetation responses along edge-to-interior gradients in a high altitude tropical forest in peninsular India. Forest Ecology and Management 87, 51-62. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112796038364

Jose S, Sreepathy A, Mohan Kumar B and Venugopal VK (1994) Structural, floristic and edaphic attributes of the grassland-shola forests of Eravikulam in peninsular India. Forest Ecology and Management 65, 279-291. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0378112794901767

Perera AH and Rajapakse RMN (1991) A baseline study of Kandyan Forest Gardens of Sri Lanka: Structure, composition and utilization. Forest Ecology and Management 45, 269-280. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037811279190222H

Seto T, Tanaka T, Tanaka O and Naruhashi N (1984) β-glucosyl esters of 19α-hydroxyursolic acid derivatives in leaves of Rubus species. Phytochemistry 23, 2829-2834. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/003194228483023X

Higuchi R, Kawasaki T, Biswas M, Pandey VB and Dasgupta B (1982) Triterpenoid saponins from the stem bark of Symplocos spicata. Phytochemistry 21, 907-910. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0031942282800915

(1980) Author index. Phytochemistry 21, xxxv-xlvi. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0031942280850977

Raman A and Kandasamy C (1978) Leaf galls on Symplocos spicata Roxb. (Symplococeae) caused by Trioza sp. (Homoptera: Psyllidae). Current science. 47, 4.

Kumar Gupta R and Krishnamurti M (1976) Prenylated flavanones from Milletia ovalifolia seeds. Phytochemistry 15, 832-833. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942200944704

Tiwari RD and Tripathi HL (1976) A new flavonol glycoside from the leaves of Symplocos spicata. Phytochemistry 15, 833. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942200944716

Tiwari RD and Tripathi HL (1976) The structure of an arabinogalactan from the leaves of Symplocos spicata. Planta Med 29, 376-9.

Horhammer L and Rao SB (1954) [Sapogenins from Symplocos spicata]. Arch Pharm Ber Dtsch Pharm Ges 287, 76-9.

Hörhammer L and Rao SB (1954) Über Sapogenine aus Symplocos spicata. Archiv der Pharmazie 287, 76-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ardp.19542870208

Hörhammer L and Rao SB (1954) Über eine Schnellmethode zur Bestimmung der Gesamtalkaloide in Rauwolfia serpentina. Archiv der Pharmazie 287, 75-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ardp.19542870207

(1948) Referate. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung, Düngung, Bodenkunde 41, 261-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.19480410315

Forbes FB and Hemsley WB (1889) An Enumeration of all the Plants known from China Proper, Formosa, Hainan, Corea, the Luchu Archipelago, and the Island of Hongkong, together with their Distribution and Synonymy.—Part VII. (Continued from Vol. XXIII.). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 26, 1-120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1889.tb00105.x

Trimen H (1887) Hermann’s Ceylon Herbarium and Linnæus’s ‘Flora Zeylanica’. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 24, 129-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1887.tb01319.x

Berkeley MJ and Broome CE (1873) Enumeration of the Fungi of Ceylon. Part II., containing the remainder of the Hymenomycetes, with the remaining established tribes of Fungi. (Continued.). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 14, 65-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1873.tb00302.x

Meksi N, Haddar W, Hammami S and Mhenni MF Olive mill wastewater: A potential source of natural dyes for textile dyeing. Industrial Crops and Products 40, 103-109. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669012001495

Premathilake R Human used upper montane ecosystem in the Horton Plains, central Sri Lanka – a link to Lateglacial and early Holocene climate and environmental changes. Quaternary Science Reviews 50, 23-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379112002612

Semwal RB, Semwal DK, Semwal R, Singh R and Rawat MSM Chemical constituents from the stem bark of Symplocos paniculata Thunb. with antimicrobial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 78-87. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111001061

Shahid M, Shahid ul I and Mohammad F Recent advancements in natural dye applications: A review. Journal of Cleaner Production. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652613001698

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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Latest update March 2017 by: ANCW