This species is usually known as:
This species has also been known as:
Rudbeckia occidentalis var. alpicola, Rudbeckia occidentalis var. montana, Rudbeckia occidentalis var. occidentalis
[Number of papers mentioning Rudbeckia occidentalis: 9]
Popularity of Rudbeckia occidentalis over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Rudbeckia occidentalis (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Rudbeckia occidentalis as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)]
[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 83]
rudbeckia occidentalis (3), Age at maturity (2), Density-dependence (2), Disturbance (2), Dynamic programming (2), Evolutionary optimization (2), Habitat stability (2), Idaho (2), Life span (2), Life-history traits (2), Lifetime reproductive success (2), Malthusian coefficient (2), Picea engelmannii (2), Pinus contorta (2), plant extracts (2), Resource allocation (2), Resource availability (2), roots (2), Sea beet (2), seed germination (2), Vernalization (2), Abies grandis (1), Abies lasiocarpa (1), afforestation (1), allelochemicals (1), Allelopathy (1), artificial regeneration (1), black colored varieties (1), chlorophyll content (1), colored varieties (1), cultivars (1), disturbed soils (1), Echinacea angustifolia (1), ecological succession (1), forest plantations (1), germination inhibitors (1), growth retardation (1), herbivores (1), inhibitors (1), Lactuca sativa (1), Larix occidentalis (1), manual weed control (1), mortality (1), Netherlands (1), patents (1), Pinus monticola (1), plant competition (1), plant cuttings (1), planting stock (1), plants (1), Pteridium aquilinum (1), seedling development (1), senescence (1), snow (1), species differences (1), Thomomys talpoides (1), United States (1), us00pp12648p2 (1), vegetation management (1), weed science (1), weeds (1)
Most likely scope for
crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]
allelopathy (83.82), weed (13.42), medicinal (0.37), fruit (0.27), poison (0.27), ornamental (0.17), starch (0.12), cereal (0.09), nutraceutical (0.09), grain legume (0.09)…..
[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]
Recent mentions of
this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]
Johnson CD, Anderson VJ and Fugal RA (2013) Community response to false hellebore management: implications for harvest. NPJ 14, 249-256. http://npj.uwpress.org/cgi/content/abstract/14/3/249
References 1901-2013 (and
links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Rudbeckia occidentalis: 9; Any undated papers have been included at the end]
HautekĂ¨ete NC, Van Dijk H, Piquot Y and Teriokhin A (2009) Evolutionary optimization of life-history traits in the sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima: Comparing model to data. Acta Oecologica 35, 104-16. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X08001367
Oudshoorn H (2002) Rudbeckia plant named ‘Black Beauty’. United States patent. Plant. 28, 648.
Ferguson DE (1999) Effects of pocket gophers, bracken fern, and western coneflower on planted conifers in northern Idaho—an update and two more species. New forests. 18, 199-217.
Baskin CC and Baskin JM (1998) Chapter 10 - A Geographical Perspective on Germination Ecology: Temperature and Arctic Zones. In ‘Seeds’. (Ed.^(Eds pp. 331-458. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780120802609500105
Viles AL and Reese RN (1996) Allelopathic potential of Echinacea angustifolia D.C. Environmental and Experimental Botany 36, 39-43. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0098847295000437
Ferguson DE (1991) Allelopathic potential of western coneflower (Rudbeckia occidentalis). Canadian journal of botany = Journal canadien de botanique. 69, 2806-8.
Treshow M and Stewart D (1973) Ozone sensitivity of plants in natural communities. Biological Conservation 5, 209-14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0006320773900141
Florez A, McDonough WT and Balls LD (1972) Western coneflower: A noxious species. Journal of range management. 25, 5.
Gifford GF and Nelson ED (1965) UPTAKE OF 22Na BY INTACT SEEDS. New Phytologist 64, 360-. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1965.tb07545.x
Hautekčete NC, Van Dijk H, Piquot Y and Teriokhin A Evolutionary optimization of life-history traits in the sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima: Comparing model to data. Acta Oecologica 35, 104-16. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X08001367
RIRDC Farm Diversity Website: http://www.farmdiversity.com.au/
RIRDC New and Developing Plant
RIRDC New Crop Industries Handbook
Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.
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Latest update March 2017 by: ANCW