Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Ramalina lacera

 

 

This species name was not found in The Plant List

 

This species has no synonyms in The Plant List

 

Common names:

Cartilage Lichen

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Ramalina lacera: 76]

 

 

Popularity of Ramalina lacera over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Ramalina lacera (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Ramalina lacera as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 447]

 

lichens (20), Lichen (14), Air pollution (13), Biomonitoring (7), Heavy metals (7), photosynthesis (7), Ramalina (4), Ramalina lacera (4), Arsenic (3), chlorophyll (3), Chlorophyll a fluorescence (3), chlorophyll fluorescence (3), Evernia prunastri (3), Photobionts (3), proline (3), Trace elements (3), Ascomycetes (2), Bidimensional electrophoresis (2), Bioaccumulation factor (BAF) (2), Biodiversity <ARROW (2), Biomarkers (2), biomineralization (2), Biomonitor (2), Calcium (2), calcium oxalate (2), Chlorophyll stability index (CSI) (2), Chloroplast (2), Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (2), Desert (2), Dew (2), Dry weight (2), Dust (2), Ecological indicators (2), Electrical conductivity (2), Elemental content (2), Environment quality (2), epiphytes (2), Epiphytic biomonitors (2), Epiphytic lichens (2), Extracellular phosphatase (2), Glutathione (2), Glutathione S-transferase (2), Group I intron (2), Heavy metal tolerance (2), Heme peroxidase (2), Hemispherical photography (2), Herbivore defence (2), Heterodermia namaquana (2), Inorganic phosphorus (Pi) (2), ITS (2), Leaf area (2), Lichen indicator (2), Lichen symbiosis (2), Livestock (2), LSD (least significant difference) (2), Macaronesia (2), Management (2), Mediterranean area (2), Mediterranean basin (2), Mercury (2), Mesoclimate (2), Metals (2), Molecular phylogenetics (2), Mycobiont (2), Neutralization (2), Niebla (2), Nitrophytic (2), Non-pDOWN>henolic aromatics (2), North America (2), North India (2), NOX (2), NPQ (2), Oligotrophic (2), Phenols (2), Photosynthetic pigments (2), Photosystem II (2), Phylogeny (2), Physiological regulation (2), Phytohormones (2), Plant height (2), Pollution (2), Portugal (2), Proteome (2), Pseudovernia furfuracea (2), Quercus suber (2), RAPD-PCR (2), rDNA (2), Respiratory diseases (2), Secondary compounds (2), Shade-sun gradient (2), Signaling compounds (2), Temperature (2), Thermal power plant (2)…..

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

bioindicator (87.16), phytoextractive (9.02), poison (1.42), dye (0.47), oilseed/fat (0.34), fruit (0.20), medicinal (0.19), weed (0.15), ornamental (0.13), timber (0.10)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Wu C and Wang X (2016) Research of foliar dust content estimation by reflectance spectroscopy of Euonymus japonicus Thunb. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management 5, 54-61. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2215153215300064

Bačkorová M, Biľová I, Kimáková T and Bačkor M (2015) The presence of usnic acid does not protect the lichen Cladina arbuscula subsp. mitis against the long-term copper excess. South African Journal of Botany 100, 94-100. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629915003014

Hichri I, Boscari A, Castella C, Rovere M, Puppo A and Brouquisse R (2015) Nitric oxide: a multifaceted regulator of the nitrogen-fixing symbiosis. J. Exp. Bot. 66, 2877-2887. http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/66/10/2877

Paoli L, Munzi S, Guttová A, Senko D, Sardella G and Loppi S (2015) Lichens as suitable indicators of the biological effects of atmospheric pollutants around a municipal solid waste incinerator (S Italy). Ecological Indicators 52, 362-370. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X14005949

Pellegrini E, Bertuzzi S, CandottoCarniel F, Lorenzini G, Nali C and Tretiach M (2014) Ozone tolerance in lichens: A possible explanation from biochemical to physiological level using Flavoparmelia caperata as test organism. Journal of Plant Physiology 171, 1514-1523. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0176161714001758

Turkez H, Aydin E and Aslan A (2014) Role of aqueous Bryoria capillaris (Ach.) extract as a genoprotective agent on imazalil-induced genotoxicity in vitro. Toxicology and Industrial Health 30, 33-39. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/30/1/33

de la Rosa JPM, Warke PA and Smith BJ (2013) Lichen-induced biomodification of calcareous surfaces: Bioprotection versus biodeterioration. Progress in Physical Geography 37, 325-351. http://ppg.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/37/3/325

Kardel F, Wuyts K, Khavaninzhadeh AR, Wuytack T, Babanezhad M and Samson R (2013) Comparison of leaf saturation isothermal remanent magnetisation (SIRM) with anatomical, morphological and physiological tree leaf characteristics for assessing urban habitat quality. Environmental Pollution 183, 96-103. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749112005088

Timsina BA, Sorensen JL, Weihrauch D and Piercey-Normore MD (2013) Effect of aposymbiotic conditions on colony growth and secondary metabolite production in the lichen-forming fungus Ramalina dilacerata. Fungal Biology 117, 731-743. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878614613001323

Bajpai R and Upreti DK (2012) Accumulation and toxic effect of arsenic and other heavy metals in a contaminated area of West Bengal, India, in the lichen Pyxine cocoes (Sw.) Nyl. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 83, 63-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651312001820

Llop E, Pinho P, Matos P, Pereira MJ and Branquinho C (2012) The use of lichen functional groups as indicators of air quality in a Mediterranean urban environment. Ecological Indicators 13, 215-221. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X11001762

Nicolardi V, Cai G, Parrotta L, Puglia M, Bianchi L, Bini L and Gaggi C (2012) The adaptive response of lichens to mercury exposure involves changes in the photosynthetic machinery. Environmental Pollution 160, 1-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749111005215

Pinho P, Bergamini A, Carvalho P, Branquinho C, Stofer S, Scheidegger C and Máguas C (2012) Lichen functional groups as ecological indicators of the effects of land-use in Mediterranean ecosystems. Ecological Indicators 15, 36-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X11003098

Srivastava A, Singh SS and Mishra AK (2012) Sodium transport and mechanism(s) of sodium tolerance in Frankia strains. Journal of Basic Microbiology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jobm.201100586

Tu, #x, rkez H, Ayd, n E, Sisman T and Aslan A (2012) Role of Peltigera rufescens (Weis) Humb. (a lichen) on imazalil-induced genotoxicity: analysis of micronucleus and chromosome aberrations in vitro. Toxicology and Industrial Health 28, 492-498. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/28/6/492

Turkez H, Aydin E, Sisman T and Aslan A (2012) Role of Peltigera rufescens (Weis) Humb. (a lichen) on imazalil-induced genotoxicity: analysis of micronucleus and chromosome aberrations in vitro. Toxicology and Industrial Health 28, 492-498. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/28/6/492

Wu Z, Zeng B, Li R and Song L (2012) Physiological regulation of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) in response to inorganic phosphorus limitation. Harmful Algae 15, 53-58. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1568988311001703

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Ramalina lacera: 76; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

de la Rosa JPM, Warke PA and Smith BJ (2013) Lichen-induced biomodification of calcareous surfaces: Bioprotection versus biodeterioration. Progress in Physical Geography 37, 325-51. http://ppg.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/37/3/325

Bajpai R and Upreti DK (2012) Accumulation and toxic effect of arsenic and other heavy metals in a contaminated area of West Bengal, India, in the lichen Pyxine cocoes (Sw.) Nyl. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 83, 63-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651312001820

Llop E, Pinho P, Matos P, Pereira MJ and Branquinho C (2012) The use of lichen functional groups as indicators of air quality in a Mediterranean urban environment. Ecological Indicators 13, 215-21. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X11001762

Nicolardi V, Cai G, Parrotta L, Puglia M, Bianchi L, Bini L and Gaggi C (2012) The adaptive response of lichens to mercury exposure involves changes in the photosynthetic machinery. Environmental Pollution 160, 1-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749111005215

Pinho P, Bergamini A, Carvalho P, Branquinho C, Stofer S, Scheidegger C and Máguas C (2012) Lichen functional groups as ecological indicators of the effects of land-use in Mediterranean ecosystems. Ecological Indicators 15, 36-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X11003098

Srivastava A, Singh SS and Mishra AK (2012) Sodium transport and mechanism(s) of sodium tolerance in Frankia strains. Journal of Basic Microbiology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jobm.201100586

Turkez H, Aydin E, Sisman T and Aslan A (2012) Role of Peltigera rufescens (Weis) Humb. (a lichen) on imazalil-induced genotoxicity: analysis of micronucleus and chromosome aberrations in vitro. Toxicology and Industrial Health 28, 492-8. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/28/6/492

Wu Z, Zeng B, Li R and Song L (2012) Physiological regulation of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) in response to inorganic phosphorus limitation. Harmful Algae 15, 53-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1568988311001703

del Hoyo A, Alvarez R, del Campo EM, Gasulla F, Barreno E and Casano LM (2011) Oxidative stress induces distinct physiological responses in the two Trebouxia phycobionts of the lichen Ramalina farinacea. Ann. Bot. 107, 109-18. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/107/1/109

Garty J and Garty-Spitz RL (2011) Neutralization and neoformation: Analogous processes in the atmosphere and in lichen thalli—A review. Environmental and Experimental Botany 70, 67-79. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847210001541

Kotan E, Alpsoy L, Anar M, Aslan A and Agar G (2011) Protective role of methanol extract of Cetraria islandica (L.) against oxidative stress and genotoxic effects of AFB1 in human lymphocytes in vitro. Toxicology and Industrial Health 27, 599-605. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/27/7/599

Kováčik J, Klejdus B, Štork F and Malčovská S (2011) Sensitivity of Xanthoria parietina to UV-A: Role of metabolic modulators. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 103, 243-50. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1011134411001047

Liers C, Ullrich R, Hofrichter M, Minibayeva FV and Beckett RP (2011) A heme peroxidase of the ascomyceteous lichen Leptogium saturninum oxidizes high-redox potential substrates. Fungal Genetics and Biology 48, 1139-45. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1087184511001782

Oztetik E and Cicek A (2011) Effects of urban air pollutants on elemental accumulation and identification of oxidative stress biomarkers in the transplanted lichen Pseudovernia furfuracea. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 30, 1629-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etc.541

Paoli L, Pisani T, Guttová A, Sardella G and Loppi S (2011) Physiological and chemical response of lichens transplanted in and around an industrial area of south Italy: Relationship with the lichen diversity. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 74, 650-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651310002964

Piccotto M, Bidussi M and Tretiach M (2011) Effects of the urban environmental conditions on the chlorophyll a fluorescence emission in transplants of three ecologically distinct lichens. Environmental and Experimental Botany 73, 102-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847210001899

Bajpai R, Upreti DK, Nayaka S and Kumari B (2010) Biodiversity, bioaccumulation and physiological changes in lichens growing in the vicinity of coal-based thermal power plant of Raebareli district, north India. Journal of Hazardous Materials 174, 429-36. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389409015325

del Campo EM, Casano LM, Gasulla F and Barreno E (2010) Suitability of chloroplast LSU rDNA and its diverse group I introns for species recognition and phylogenetic analyses of lichen-forming Trebouxia algae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54, 437-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790309004187

Li JLY, Sulaiman M, Beckett RP and Minibayeva FV (2010) Cell wall peroxidases in the liverwort Dumortiera hirsuta are responsible for extracellular superoxide production, and can display tyrosinase activity. Physiologia Plantarum 138, 474-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2009.01318.x

Sérusiaux E, van den Boom P and Ertz D (2010) A two-gene phylogeny shows the lichen genus Niebla (Lecanorales) is endemic to the New World and does not occur in Macaronesia nor in the Mediterranean basin. Fungal Biology 114, 528-37. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878614610000620

White JF and Torres MS (2010) Is plant endophyte-mediated defensive mutualism the result of oxidative stress protection? Physiologia Plantarum 138, 440-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2009.01332.x

Carreras HA, Wannaz ED and Pignata MaL (2009) Assessment of human health risk related to metals by the use of biomonitors in the province of CÓrdoba, Argentina. Environmental Pollution 157, 117-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749108003862

Carreras HA, Wannaz ED and Pignata ML (2009) Assessment of human health risk related to metals by the use of biomonitors in the province of Córdoba, Argentina. Environmental Pollution 157, 117-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749108003862

Liu Y and Zhong Z-C (2009) Interactive effects of α-NAA and UV-B radiation on the endogenous hormone contents and growth of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim seedlings. Acta Ecologica Sinica 29, 244-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1872203209000493

Liu Y and Zhong Z-C (2009) Interactive effects of α-NAA and UV-B radiation on the endogenous hormone contents and growth of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim seedlings. Acta Ecologica Sinica 29, 244-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1872203209000493

Munzi S, Pirintsos SA and Loppi S (2009) Chlorophyll degradation and inhibition of polyamine biosynthesis in the lichen Xanthoria parietina under nitrogen stress. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 72, 281-5. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651308001280

Paul A, Hauck M and Leuschner C (2009) Iron and phosphate uptake in epiphytic and saxicolous lichens differing in their pH requirements. Environmental and Experimental Botany 67, 133-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847209000902

Solhaug KA, Lind M, Nybakken L and Gauslaa Y (2009) Possible functional roles of cortical depsides and medullary depsidones in the foliose lichen Hypogymnia physodes. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 204, 40-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367253008001035

Solhaug KAr, Lind M, Nybakken L and Gauslaa Y (2009) Possible functional roles of cortical depsides and medullary depsidones in the foliose lichen Hypogymnia physodes. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 204, 40-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367253008001035

Unal D, Tuney Än, Esiz-Dereboylu A and Sukatar A (2009) The effect of UV-A (352&#xa0;nm) stress on chlorophyll fluorescence, chlorophyll a content, thickness of upper cortex and determinate DNA damage in Physcia semipinnata. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 94, 71-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1011134408002030

Unal D, Tuney İ, Esiz-Dereboylu A and Sukatar A (2009) The effect of UV-A (352&#xa0;nm) stress on chlorophyll fluorescence, chlorophyll a content, thickness of upper cortex and determinate DNA damage in Physcia semipinnata. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 94, 71-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1011134408002030

Watanabe K, Ohfuji H, Kitagawa R and Matsui Y (2009) Nanoscale pseudobrookite layer in the surface glaze of a Japanese sekishu roof tile. Clay Minerals 44, 177-80. http://claymin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/content/abstract/44/2/177

Aptroot A (2008) Lichens of St Helena and Ascension Island. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 158, 147-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2008.00797.x

Beckett RP and Minibayeva FV (2008) Desiccation Tolerance in Lichens. In ‘Plant Desiccation Tolerance’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 91-114. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470376881.ch4

Çiçek N and Çakırlar H (2008) Effects of Salt Stress on Some Physiological and Photosynthetic Parameters at Three Different Temperatures in Six Soya Bean (Glycine max L. Merr.) Cultivars. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 194, 34-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2007.00288.x

De Vries MC and Watling JR (2008) Differences in the utilization of water vapour and free water in two co-occurring foliose lichens from semi-arid southern Australia. Austral Ecology 33, 975-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2008.01868.x

Dzubaj A, Bačkor M, Tomko J, Peli E and Tuba Z (2008) Tolerance of the lichen Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th. Fr. to metal stress. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 70, 319-26. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651307000747

Hanus LO, Temina M and Dembitsky V (2008) Biodiversity of the chemical constituents in the epiphytic lichenized ascomycete Ramalina lacera grown on difference substrates Crataegus sinaicus, Pinus halepensis, and Quercus calliprinos. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 152, 203-8.

Higo A, Ikeuchi M and Ohmori M (2008) cAMP regulates respiration and oxidative stress during rehydration in Anabaena sp. PCC 7120. FEBS Letters 582, 1883-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014579308004080

Ayrault S, Clochiatti R, Carrot F, Daudin L and Bennett JP (2007) Factors to consider for trace element deposition biomonitoring surveys with lichen transplants. Science of The Total Environment 372, 717-27. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969706008291

Beckett RP and Minibayeva FV (2007) Rapid breakdown of exogenous extracellular hydrogen peroxide by lichens. Physiologia Plantarum 129, 588-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2006.00846.x

Carreras HA and Pignata ML (2007) Effects of the heavy metals Cu2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, and Zn2+ on some physiological parameters of the lichen Usnea amblyoclada. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 67, 59-66. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651306001266

Garty J, Tamir O, Levin T and Lehr H (2007) The impact of UV-B and sulphur- or copper-containing solutions in acidic conditions on chlorophyll fluorescence in selected Ramalina species. Environmental Pollution 145, 266-73. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749106002168

Geyikoglu F, Turkez H and Aslan A (2007) The protective roles of some lichen species on colloidal bismuth subcitrate genotoxicity. Toxicology and Industrial Health 23, 487-92. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/23/8/487

Gray DW, Lewis LA and Cardon ZG (2007) Photosynthetic recovery following desiccation of desert green algae (Chlorophyta) and their aquatic relatives. Plant, Cell & Environment 30, 1240-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2007.01704.x

Lange OL, Allan Green TG, Meyer A and Zellner H (2007) Water relations and carbon dioxide exchange of epiphytic lichens in the Namib fog desert. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 202, 479-87. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367253007000643

Lange OL, Green TGA, Meyer A and Zellner H (2007) Water relations and carbon dioxide exchange of epiphytic lichens in the Namib fog desert. Flora. 202, 6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2006.09.006

Marques AP, Freitas MC, Wolterbeek HT, Verburg TG and De Goeij JJM (2007) Grain-size effects on PIXE and INAA analysis of IAEA-336 lichen reference material. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 255, 380-94. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168583X06010287

Mrak T, Simčič J, Pelicon P, Jeran Z, Reis MA and Pinheiro T (2007) Use of micro-PIXE in the study of arsenate uptake in lichens and its influence on element distribution and concentrations. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 260, 245-53. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168583X0700376X

Hauck M, Paul A and Spribille T (2006) Uptake and toxicity of manganese in epiphytic cyanolichens. Environmental and Experimental Botany 56, 216-24. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847205000341

Laufer Z, Beckett RP and Minibayeva FV (2006) Co-occurrence of the Multicopper Oxidases Tyrosinase and Laccase in Lichens in Sub-order Peltigerineae. Ann. Bot. 98, 1035-42. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/5/1035

Walker TR, Crittenden PD, Young SD and Prystina T (2006) An assessment of pollution impacts due to the oil and gas industries in the Pechora basin, north-eastern European Russia. Ecological Indicators 6, 369-87. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X05000373

Weissman L, Fraiberg M, Shine L, Garty J and Hochman A (2006) Responses of antioxidants in the lichen Ramalina lacera may serve as an early-warning bioindicator system for the detection of air pollution stress. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 58, 41-53.

Bačkor M and Fahselt D (2005) Tetrazolium reduction as an indicator of environmental stress in lichens and isolated bionts. Environmental and Experimental Botany 53, 125-33. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847204000437

Kocheva KV, Georgiev GI and Kochev VK (2005) A diffusion approach to the electrolyte leakage from plant tissues. Physiologia Plantarum 125, 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2005.00533.x

Sanità Di Toppi L, Musetti R, Vattuone Z, Pawlik-Skowrońska B, Fossati F, Bertoli L, Badiani M and Favali MA (2005) Cadmium distribution and effects on ultrastructureand chlorophyll status in photobionts and mycobionts of Xanthoria parietina. Microscopy Research and Technique 66, 229-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jemt.20166

Weissman L, Garty J and Hochman A (2005) Rehydration of the Lichen Ramalina lacera Results in Production of Reactive Oxygen Species and Nitric Oxide and a Decrease in Antioxidants. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 71, 2121-9. http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/71/4/2121

Weissman L, Garty J and Hochman A (2005) Characterization of Enzymatic Antioxidants in the Lichen Ramalina lacera and Their Response to Rehydration. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 71, 6508-14. http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/71/11/6508

BarabÉ D, Lacroix C, Chouteau M and Gibernau M (2004) On the presence of extracellular calcium oxalate crystals on the inflorescences of Araceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 146, 181-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2004.00318.x

Anonymous (2003) Subject index. In ‘Trace Metals and other Contaminants in the Environment’. (Ed.^(Eds B.A. Markert AMB and Zechmeister HG) pp. 941-97. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927521503801571

Garty J, Tomer S, Levin T and Lehr H (2003) Lichens as biomonitors around a coal-fired power station in Israel. Environmental Research 91, 186-98. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935102000579

Giordani P, Modenesi P and Tretiach M (2003) Determinant factors for the formation of the calcium oxalate minerals, weddellite and whewellite, on the surface of foliose lichens. The Lichenologist 35, 255-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0024282903000288

Hauck M, Paul A, Gross S and Raubuch M (2003) Manganese toxicity in epiphytic lichens: chlorophyll degradation and interaction with iron and phosphorus. Environmental and Experimental Botany 49, 181-91. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847202000692

Wolterbeek HT, Garty J, Reis MA and Freitas MC (2003) Chapter 11 Biomonitors in use: lichens and metal air pollution. In ‘Trace Metals and other Contaminants in the Environment’. (Ed.^(Eds B.A. Markert AMB and Zechmeister HG) pp. 377-419. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927521503801418

Garty J, Kunin P, Delarea J and Weiner S (2002) Calcium oxalate and sulphate-containing structures on the thallial surface of the lichen Ramalina lacera: response to polluted air and simulated acid rain. Plant, Cell & Environment 25, 1591-604. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2002.00928.x

Garty J, Levin T, Cohen Y and Lehr H (2002) Biomonitoring air pollution with the desert lichen Ramalina maciformis. Physiologia Plantarum 115, 267-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1150213.x

Garty J, Tamir O, Cohen Y, Lehr H and Goren AI (2002) Changes in the potential quantum yield of photosystem II and the integrity of cell membranes relative to the elemental content of the epilithic desert lichen Ramalina maciformis. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21, 848-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620210423

Conti ME and Cecchetti G (2001) Biological monitoring: lichens as bioindicators of air pollution assessment — a review. Environmental Pollution 114, 471-92. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749100002244

Garty J, Tamir O, Hassid I, Eshel A, Cohen Y, Karnieli A and Orlovsky L (2001) Photosynthesis, chlorophyll integrity, and spectral reflectance in lichens exposed to air pollution. J Environ Qual 30, 884-93.

Garty J, Weissman L, Cohen Y, Karnieli A and Orlovsky L (2001) Transplanted Lichens in and around the Mount Carmel National Park and the Haifa Bay Industrial Region in Israel: Physiological and Chemical Responses. Environmental Research 85, 159-76. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935100942221

Garty J, Weissman L, Tamir O, Beer S, Cohen Y, Karnieli A and Orlovsky L (2000) Comparison of five physiological parameters to assess the vitality of the lichen Ramalina lacera exposed to air pollution. Physiologia Plantarum 109, 410-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2000.100407.x

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J G (2000) Chapter 8 Environment and elemental content of lichens. In ‘Trace Metals in the Environment’. (Ed.^(Eds Markert B and Friese K) pp. 245-76. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927521500800119

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Garty J, Cohen Y and Kloog N (1998) Airborne elements, cell membranes, and chlorophyll in transplanted lichens. Journal of environmental quality. 27, 973-9.

Crittenden PD, David JC, Hawksworth DL and Campbell FS (1995) Attempted isolation and success in the culturing of a broad spectrum of lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi. New Phytologist 130, 267-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1995.tb03048.x

Alvarez J, Paz-Bermúdez G and Sánchez-Biezma MJ Estudio quimiotaxonómico del género Ramalina Ach. (Lecanorales, Ascomycotina) en Galicia (NW de España). Cryptogamie Mycologie 22, 271-87. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0181158401010752

Bajpai R and Upreti DK Accumulation and toxic effect of arsenic and other heavy metals in a contaminated area of West Bengal, India, in the lichen Pyxine cocoes (Sw.) Nyl. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 83, 63-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651312001820

Bajpai R, Upreti DK, Nayaka S and Kumari B Biodiversity, bioaccumulation and physiological changes in lichens growing in the vicinity of coal-based thermal power plant of Raebareli district, north India. Journal of Hazardous Materials 174, 429-36. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389409015325

Civici N, Anastasiou M, Zorba T, Paraskevopoulos KM, Dilo T, Stamati F and Arapi M Studying wall paintings in Berati Castle (Albania): Comparative examination of materials and techniques in XIVth and XVIth century churches. Journal of Cultural Heritage 9, 207-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1296207408000290

del Campo EM, Casano LM, Gasulla F and Barreno E Suitability of chloroplast LSU rDNA and its diverse group I introns for species recognition and phylogenetic analyses of lichen-forming Trebouxia algae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54, 437-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790309004187

del Hoyo A, Alvarez R, del Campo EM, Gasulla F, Barreno E and Casano LM Oxidative stress induces distinct physiological responses in the two Trebouxia phycobionts of the lichen Ramalina farinacea. Ann. Bot. 107, 109-18. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/107/1/109

Garty J and Garty-Spitz RL Neutralization and neoformation: Analogous processes in the atmosphere and in lichen thalli—A review. Environmental and Experimental Botany 70, 67-79. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847210001541

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Kotan E, Alpsoy L, Anar M, Aslan A and Agar G Protective role of methanol extract of Cetraria islandica (L.) against oxidative stress and genotoxic effects of AFB1 in human lymphocytes in vitro. Toxicology and Industrial Health 27, 599-605. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/27/7/599

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Liers C, Ullrich R, Hofrichter M, Minibayeva FV and Beckett RP A heme peroxidase of the ascomyceteous lichen Leptogium saturninum oxidizes high-redox potential substrates. Fungal Genetics and Biology 48, 1139-45. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1087184511001782

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Paoli L, Pisani T, GuttovÁ A, Sardella G and Loppi S Physiological and chemical response of lichens transplanted in and around an industrial area of south Italy: Relationship with the lichen diversity. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 74, 650-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651310002964

Piccotto M, Bidussi M and Tretiach M Effects of the urban environmental conditions on the chlorophyll a fluorescence emission in transplants of three ecologically distinct lichens. Environmental and Experimental Botany 73, 102-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847210001899

Pinho P, Bergamini A, Carvalho P, Branquinho C, Stofer S, Scheidegger C and MÁguas C Lichen functional groups as ecological indicators of the effects of land-use in Mediterranean ecosystems. Ecological Indicators 15, 36-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X11003098

SÉrusiaux El, van den Boom P and Ertz D A two-gene phylogeny shows the lichen genus Niebla (Lecanorales) is endemic to the New World and does not occur in Macaronesia nor in the Mediterranean basin. Fungal Biology 114, 528-37. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878614610000620

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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