Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Panax pseudoginseng

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Panax pseudoginseng

 

This species has also been known as:

Panax pseudoginseng var. angustifolius, Panax pseudoginseng var. bipinnatifidus, Panax pseudoginseng var. elegantior, Panax pseudoginseng subsp. himalaicus, Panax pseudoginseng var. japonicus, Panax pseudoginseng subsp. japonicus, Panax pseudoginseng var. major, Panax pseudoginseng var. notoginseng, Panax pseudoginseng var. pseudoginseng, Panax pseudoginseng var. wangianus

 

Common names:

Ginseng, Pseudoginseng, Nepal Ginseng, Himalayan Ginseng, Japanese Ginseng

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Panax pseudoginseng: 550]

 

Panax pseudoginseng.jpg

 

Popularity of Panax pseudoginseng over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Panax pseudoginseng (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Panax pseudoginseng as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 4705]

 

Panax pseudoginseng (435), roots (103), plant extracts (85), saponins (82), medicinal plants (54), chemical constituents of plants (52), rats (45), medicinal properties (43), culture media (40), tissue culture (36), ginsenosides (35), chemical structure (33), callus (32), Panax quinquefolius (31), biosynthesis (30), mice (30), somatic embryogenesis (24), drugs (23), micropropagation (23), polysaccharides (23), traditional medicine (23), dose response (22), herbal medicines (22), cell culture (20), enzyme activity (20), inhibition (20), spectral analysis (20), 2,4-D (17), embryo (plant) (17), explants (17), regenerative ability (17), glycosides (16), leaves (16), Panax (16), South Korea (16), triterpenoid saponins (16), cell suspension culture (15), chemical composition (15), cultured cells (15), Internet resource (15), methodology (15), nucleotide sequences (15), chemical analysis (14), growth (14), molecular sequence data (14), plant morphology (14), China (13), high performance liquid chromatography (13), triterpenoids (13), animal models (12), biochemical pathways (12), bioreactors (12), cell lines (12), developmental stages (12), dietary supplements (12), genetic transformation (12), metabolites (12), quantitative analysis (12), rhizomes (12), transgenic plants (12), cotyledons (11), cytotoxicity (11), Gene expression (11), humans (11), Panax quinquefolium (11), pharmacology (11), phytochemicals (11), antineoplastic agents (10), antioxidants (10), cell growth (10), gibberellic acid (10), murashige and skoog medium (10), Rhizobium rhizogenes (10), Araliaceae (9), benzyladenine (9), dosage (9), enzyme inhibitors (9), exercise (9), Hypoglycemic agents (9), identification (9), stimulant plants (9), adventitious roots (8), clinical trials (8), Ginseng (8), glucose (8), in vitro culture (8), indole acetic acid (8), indole butyric acid (8), induction (8), Japan (8), liquid chromatography (8), liver (8), metabolism (8), naphthaleneacetic acid (8).....

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

abrasive (0), allelopathy (0.14), aquatic (0.64), beverage (0.03), biofuel (0.18), bioindicator (0.08), birdseed (0), boundary (1.13), breeding (0.87), cane/bamboo (0.45).....

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Zhang L, Virgous C and Si H (2017) Ginseng and obesity: observations and understanding in cultured cells, animals and humans. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 44, 1-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955286316302534

(2016) 14 - Phytopharmaka bei Tumorerkrankungen A2 - Schilcher, Heinz. In ‘Leitfaden Phytotherapie (5. Auflage)’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 1017-1034. (Urban & Fischer: Munich). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9783437553448000144

(2016) Coumarin anticoagulants A2 - Aronson, J.K. In ‘Meyler’s Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 702-737. (Elsevier: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444537171005564

Azeemuddin M, Rafiq M, Anturlikar SD, Sharath Kumar LM, Patki PS, Babu UV and Shyam R (2016) Extract of a polyherbal formulation ameliorates experimental nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 6, 160-167. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2225411014000571

Chakraborty R, Roy S and Mandal V (2016) Assessment of traditional knowledge of the antidiabetic plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas in the context of recent phytochemical and pharmacological advances. Journal of Integrative Medicine 14, 336-358. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095496416602674

Dunkel B, Pfau T, Fiske-Jackson A, Veres-Nyeki KO, Fairhurst H, Jackson K, Chang Y-M and Bolt DM (2016) A pilot study of the effects of acupuncture treatment on objective and subjective gait parameters in horses. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vaa.12373

Liu L, Zhang Y, Yun Z, He B and Jiang G (2016) Estimation of bioaccessibility and potential human health risk of mercury in Chinese patent medicines. Journal of Environmental Sciences 39, 37-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1001074215004519

Nguyen HT, Lee D-K, et al. (2016) UPLC-QTOFMS based metabolomics followed by stepwise partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) explore the possible relation between the variations in secondary metabolites and the phylogenetic divergences of the genus Panax. Journal of Chromatography B 1012–1013, 61-68. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570023216300022

Shi M-M, Piao J-H, Xu X-L, Zhu L, Yang L, Lin F-L, Chen J and Jiang J-G (2016) Chinese medicines with sedative–hypnotic effects and their active components. Sleep Medicine Reviews 29, 108-118. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1087079215001458

Tao G and Balunas MJ (2016) Current therapeutic role and medicinal potential of Scutellaria barbata in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western research. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 182, 170-180. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116300538

Wang T, Guo R, Zhou G, Zhou X, Kou Z, Sui F, Li C, Tang L and Wang Z (2016) Traditional uses, botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen: A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 188, 234-258. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116302665

Becker LC, Bergfeld WF, et al. (2015) Safety Assessment of Panax spp Root-Derived Ingredients as Used in Cosmetics. International Journal of Toxicology 34, 5S-42. http://ijt.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/34/3_suppl/5S

Cheng Y-C (2015) Opportunities for traditional Chinese medicine to address unmet challenges in modern healthcare. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 5, 2-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S222541101400056X

Zheng C, Sun Q, et al. (2015) Autophagosome activity in macrophage for atherosclerotic plaques in ApoE−/− mice enhanced by Tiaozhi Tongmai Granules. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences 2, 194-204. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S209575481600034X

Zou H-M, Zhang B, Xu X-C, Su J, Sun Y-N, Xue S, Wang X-Y and Qiu M-F (2015) Urinary metabolomic strategy to evaluate Compound Danshen Dripping Pills for myocardial ischaemia in rats. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 112, 98-105. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0731708515002666

Guo Y, Li Y, Xue L, Severino RP, Gao S, Niu J, Qin L-P, Zhang D and Brömme D (2014) Salvia miltiorrhiza: An ancient Chinese herbal medicine as a source for anti-osteoporotic drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 1401-1416. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114005777

Han L-f, Sakah KJ, Liu L-l, Kojo A, Wang T and Zhang Y (2014) Saponins from Roots of Panax notoginseng. Chinese Herbal Medicines 6, 159-163. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674638414600253

Kim Y-J, Jeon J-N, Jang M-G, Oh JY, Kwon W-S, Jung S-K and Yang D-C (2014) Ginsenoside profiles and related gene expression during foliation in Panax ginseng Meyer. Journal of Ginseng Research 38, 66-72. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S122684531300002X

Ma M and Diao X (2014) 20(S)-Protopanaxadiol. In ‘Handbook of Metabolic Pathways of Xenobiotics’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118541203.xen478

Smith I, Williamson EM, Putnam S, Farrimond J and Whalley BJ (2014) Effects and mechanisms of ginseng and ginsenosides on cognition. Nutrition Reviews 72, 319-333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nure.12099

Szeto YT, Tse RSC, Benzie IFF, Kalle W and Pak SC (2014) An in vitro study of Sanchi (Panax pseudoginseng) for its DNA protective effect. Food and agricultural immunology. 25, 332-340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540105.2013.794202

Wang X, Wang C, Wang J, Zhao S, Zhang K, Wang J, Zhang W, Wu C and Yang J (2014) Pseudoginsenoside-F11 (PF11) exerts anti-neuroinflammatory effects on LPS-activated microglial cells by inhibiting TLR4-mediated TAK1/IKK/NF-κB, MAPKs and Akt signaling pathways. Neuropharmacology 79, 642-656. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002839081400029X

Yang W-z, Hu Y, Wu W-y, Ye M and Guo D-a (2014) Saponins in the genus Panax L. (Araliaceae): A systematic review of their chemical diversity. Phytochemistry 106, 7-24. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942214002829

Zhang L and Schuppan D (2014) Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for fibrotic liver disease: Hope and hype. Journal of Hepatology 61, 166-168. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168827814001536

Zhou D, Chen B, Wu M, Liang N, Zhang D, Li H and Pan B (2014) Ofloxacin sorption in soils after long-term tillage: The contribution of organic and mineral compositions. Science of The Total Environment 497–498, 665-670. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969714011802

Zhou W and Wang Y (2014) A network-based analysis of the types of coronary artery disease from traditional Chinese medicine perspective: Potential for therapeutics and drug discovery. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 151, 66-77. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113008015

Jia P, Chen G, Zhou G, Zhong Y and Li R (2013) Fuyuan Decoction inhibits nitric oxide production via inactivation of nuclear factor-κB in SW1353 chondrosarcoma cells. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 146, 853-858. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113001086

Ma R, Sun L, Chen X, Jiang R, Sun H and Zhao D (2013) Proteomic changes in different growth periods of ginseng roots. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 67, 20-32. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0981942813000806

Perlman A, Lontok O, Huhmann M, Parrott JS, Simmons LA and Patrick-Miller L (2013) Prevalence and Correlates of Postdiagnosis Initiation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Among Patients at a Comprehensive Cancer Center. J. Oncol. Pract 9, 34-41. http://jop.ascopubs.org/cgi/content/abstract/9/1/34

Philippou Y, Hadjipavlou M, Khan S and Rane A (2013) Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in prostate and bladder cancer. BJU International 112, 1073-1079. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bju.12062

Wu C-F, Yang J-Y, Wang F and Wang X-X (2013) Resveratrol: botanical origin, pharmacological activity and applications. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 11, 1-15. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875536413600011

Zou J, Guan Z, Zhang W-Y, Xiao W and Li Y-L (2013) Beneficial effects of the Chinese herbal medicine Sanjie Zhentong Capsule on experimental endometriosis in rats. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 11, 666-672. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875536413600771

Dow J, Painovich J, Hale SL, Tjen-A-Looi S, Longhurst JC and Kloner RA (2012) Absence of Actions of Commonly Used Chinese Herbal Medicines and Electroacupuncture on Myocardial Infarct Size. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 17, 403-411. http://cpt.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/17/4/403

Kao FJ, Chiu YS, Tsou MJ and Chiang WD (2012) Effects of Chinese domestic cooking methods on the carotenoid composition of vegetables in Taiwan. LWT - Food Science and Technology 46, 485-492. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643811003744

Klempner SJ and Bubley G (2012) Complementary and Alternative Medicines in Prostate Cancer: From Bench to Bedside? Oncologist 17, 830-837. http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/cgi/content/abstract/17/6/830

Li C-C, Lo H-Y, Hsiang C-Y and Ho T-Y (2012) DNA microarray analysis as a tool to investigate the therapeutic mechanisms and drug development of Chinese medicinal herbs. BioMedicine 2, 10-16. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211802012000034

Li N, Wu C-F, Xu X-Y, Liu Z-Y, Li X and Zhao Y-Q (2012) Triterpenes possessing an unprecedented skeleton isolated from hydrolyzate of total saponins from Gynostemma pentaphyllum. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 50, 173-178. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0223523412000682

Tag H, Kalita P, Dwivedi P, Das AK and Namsa ND (2012) Herbal medicines used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus in Arunachal Himalaya, northeast, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 786-795. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112001559

Thounaojam MC, Navalsinh Jadeja R, Vijaysinh Devkar R and Vadathala Ramachandran A (2012) Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: an overview including treatments with herbals as alternative therapeutics. Journal of Applied Biomedicine 10, 119-136. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1214021X14600727

Wang X, Wang Y, et al. (2012) Protective effects of 20(s)-protopanaxtriol on viral myocarditis infected by coxsackievirus B3. Pathobiology 79, 285-9.

Xie W, Zhao Y and Du L (2012) Emerging approaches of traditional Chinese medicine formulas for the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 345-367. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000402

Yonzone R, Bhujel RB and Rai S (2012) Genetic resources, current ecological status and altitude wise distribution of medicinal plants diversity of Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, S439-S445. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112602032

Zhou J, Kulkarni MG, Huang LQ, Guo LP and Van Staden J (2012) Effects of temperature, light, nutrients and smoke-water on seed germination and seedling growth of Astragalus membranaceus, Panax notoginseng and Magnolia officinalis — Highly traded Chinese medicinal plants. South African Journal of Botany 79, 62-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001608

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Panax pseudoginseng: 550; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Perlman A, Lontok O, Huhmann M, Parrott JS, Simmons LA, Patrick-Miller L (2013) Prevalence and Correlates of Postdiagnosis Initiation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Among Patients at a Comprehensive Cancer Center. J. Oncol. Pract 9, 34-41. http://jop.ascopubs.org/cgi/content/abstract/9/1/34

Hopf H, Sherburn MS (2012) Dendralene auf dem Vormarsch: kreuzkonjugierte Oligoene ermöglichen den schnellen Aufbau molekularer Komplexität. Angewandte Chemie 124, 2346-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ange.201102987

Kao FJ, Chiu YS, Tsou MJ, Chiang WD (2012) Effects of Chinese domestic cooking methods on the carotenoid composition of vegetables in Taiwan. LWT - Food Science and Technology 46, 485-92. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643811003744

Klempner SJ, Bubley G (2012) Complementary and Alternative Medicines in Prostate Cancer: From Bench to Bedside? Oncologist 17, 830-7. http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/cgi/content/abstract/17/6/830

Wang X, Wang Y, et al. (2012) Protective effects of 20(s)-protopanaxtriol on viral myocarditis infected by coxsackievirus B3. Pathobiology 79, 285-9.

Xie W, Zhao Y, Du L (2012) Emerging approaches of traditional Chinese medicine formulas for the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 345-67. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000402

Yonzone R, Bhujel RB, Rai S (2012) Genetic resources, current ecological status and altitude wise distribution of medicinal plants diversity of Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, S439-S45. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169112602032

Zhou J, Kulkarni MG, Huang LQ, Guo LP, Van Staden J (2012) Effects of temperature, light, nutrients and smoke-water on seed germination and seedling growth of Astragalus membranaceus, Panax notoginseng and Magnolia officinalis — Highly traded Chinese medicinal plants. South African Journal of Botany 79, 62-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001608

Fang EF, Ng TB (2011) Ribonucleases of different origins with a wide spectrum of medicinal applications. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Reviews on Cancer 1815, 65-74. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304419X10000624

Huang H (2011) Plant diversity and conservation in China: planning a strategic bioresource for a sustainable future. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 166, 282-300. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01157.x

Ma J, Liu C, Chen Y, Jiang J, Qin Z (2011) Cellular and molecular mechanisms of the Ganoderma applanatum extracts induces apoptosis on SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells. Cell Biochemistry and Function 29, 175-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbf.1735

Raja-Khan N, Stener-Victorin E, Wu X, Legro RS (2011) The physiological basis of complementary and alternative medicines for polycystic ovary syndrome. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 301, E1-10. http://ajpendo.physiology.org/cgi/content/abstract/301/1/E1

Uchendu EE, Shukla MR, Reed BM, Brown DCW, Saxena PK (2011) 4.25 - Improvement of Ginseng by In Vitro Culture: Challenges and Opportunities. In ‘Comprehensive Biotechnology (Second Edition)’. (Ed. Editor-in-Chief:  Murray M-Y) pp. 317-29. (Academic Press: Burlington). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080885049002518

Bove M, Stansbury JE, Romm A (2010) CHAPTER 6 - Endocrine Disorders and Adrenal Support. In ‘Botanical Medicine for Women’s Health’ pp. 186-210. (Churchill Livingstone: Saint Louis). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443072772000088

Marotta F, Harada M, Dallah E, Yadav H, Solimene U, Di Lembo S, Minelli E, Jain S, Chui D (2010) Protective effect of a poly-phytocompound on early stage nephropathy secondary to experimentally-induced diabetes. J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 24, 41-9.

Xiangyang Q (2010) Development of a matrix solid-phase dispersion-sonication extraction method for the determination of fungicides residues in ginseng extract. Food Chemistry 121, 758-62. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814610000257

Anonymous (2009) Posters. Journal of Diabetes 1, A83-A288. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-0407.2009.00020.x

Kim MS, Xie H (2009) Use of electroacupuncture to treat laryngeal hemiplegia in horses. Vet Rec 165, 602-3. http://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com

Tang ZL, Wang X, Yi B, Li ZL, Liang C, Wang XX (2009) Effects of the preoperative administration of Yunnan Baiyao capsules on intraoperative blood loss in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 38, 261-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0901502708004360

Wang C-Z, Ni M, Sun S, Li X-L, He H, Mehendale SR, Yuan C-S (2009) Detection of Adulteration of Notoginseng Root Extract with Other Panax Species by Quantitative HPLC Coupled with PCA. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 57, 2363-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf803320d

Barceloux DG (2008) Jin Bu Huan and Tetrahydropalmatine. In ‘Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances’ pp. 518-21. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470330319.ch74

Barceloux DG (2008) Ginseng. In ‘Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances’ pp. 497-503. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470330319.ch70

Breitmaier E (2008) Sachverzeichnis. In ‘Terpene’ pp. 196-210. (WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783527623693.index

David R (2008) Chapter 22 - Integrative Medicine. In ‘Clinical Men’s Health’ pp. 419-35. (W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978141603000310022X

Job H (2008) 35 Drugs affecting blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, and hemostasis. In ‘Side Effects of Drugs Annual’. (Ed. Aronson JK) pp. 399-422. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378608008000354

Ling S, Nheu L, Dai A, Guo Z, Komesaroff P (2008) Effects of four medicinal herbs on human vascular endothelial cells in culture. International Journal of Cardiology 128, 350-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167527307011060

Christine M Z (2007) Chapter 39 - Herbals and Alternative Medicine. In ‘Complications in Anesthesia (Second Edition)’. (Eds John LA and Mda2 - John L. Atlee MD) pp. 150-8. (W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781416022152500442

Kaplan M, Mutlu EA, Benson M, Fields JZ, Banan A, Keshavarzian A (2007) Use of herbal preparations in the treatment of oxidant-mediated inflammatory disorders. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 15, 207-16. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965229906000689

Salgado B, Paramo R, Sumano H (2007) Successful Treatment of Canine Open Cervix-Pyometra with Yun-Nan-Pai-Yao, A Chinese Herbal Preparation. Veterinary research communications. 31, 405-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11259-006-3438-6

Wynn SG, Fougère BJ (2007) Chapter 20 - Veterinary Herbal Medicine: A Systems-Based Approach. In ‘Veterinary Herbal Medicine’ pp. 291-409. (Mosby: Saint Louis). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978032302998850024X

Anonymous (2006) Kapitel 15 - Pflanzliche Immunstimulanzien und Adaptogene. In ‘Heilpflanzenpraxis Heute’. (Ed. Siegfried B) pp. 865-74. (Urban & Fischer: Munich). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9783437572708500214

Anonymous (2006)   - Arzneipflanzenporträts. In ‘Heilpflanzenpraxis Heute’. (Ed. Siegfried B) pp. 49-460. (Urban & Fischer: Munich). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9783437572708500093

Anonymous (2006) Kapitel 16 - Anhang. In ‘Heilpflanzenpraxis Heute’. (Ed. Siegfried B) pp. 875-957. (Urban & Fischer: Munich). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9783437572708500226

Anonymous (2006) Pflanzenregister – deutsche Pflanzennamen. In ‘Heilpflanzenpraxis Heute’. (Ed. Siegfried B) pp. 959-64. (Urban & Fischer: Munich). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9783437572708500238

Anonymous (2006) Pflanzenregister – lateinische Pflanzennamen. In ‘Heilpflanzenpraxis Heute’. (Ed. Siegfried B) pp. 965-70. (Urban & Fischer: Munich). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978343757270850024X

Anonymous (2006) Kapitel 13 - Gynäkologische Erkrankungen und Geburtshilfe. In ‘Heilpflanzenpraxis Heute’. (Ed. Siegfried B) pp. 807-35. (Urban & Fischer: Munich). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9783437572708500196

Anonymous (2006) posters. Ann. Onc. 17, vi32-108. http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org

Cervi J, Marotta F, Bater C, Masulair K, Minelli E, Harada M, Marandola P (2006) A Dietary Supplement Improves Outcome in an Experimental Influenza Model in Old Mice. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1067, 414-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1196/annals.1354.059

Kosty MP (2006) posters

PC-SPES: Hope or Hype? Ann. Onc. 17, vi32-108. http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org http://jco.ascopubs.org

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Toda S, Kimura M, Ohnishi M (1990) Induction of neutrophil accumulation by red ginseng. Journal of ethno-pharmacology. 30, 315-8.

Yokozawa T, Oura H (1990) Facilitation of protein biosynthesis by ginsenoside-Rb2 administration in diabetic rats. Journal of natural products. 53, 1514-8.

Zhang S, Takeda T, Zhu T, Chen Y, Yao X, Tanaka O, Ogihara Y (1990) A new minor saponin from the leaves of Panax ginseng. Planta medica. 56, 298-300.

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Draget KI, Ostgaard K, Smidsrod O (1989) Alginate-based solid media for plant tissue culture. Applied microbiology and biotechnology. 31, 79-83.

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Filippova TG, Aleksandrova IV, Nikitina IV (1989) Energy expenditures of Panax ginseng tissue in culture under hypoxia. Fiziologiia i biokhimiia kul’turnykh rastenii = Physiology and biochemistry of cultivated plants. 21, 161-7.

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Kukhta EP, Aleksandrova IV, Afanas’ev SP, Lyal’chenko MA (1989) Polysaccharides of plant tissue cultures. III. Enzymatic hydrolysis of industrial wastes of the biomass of a ginseng tissue culture. Chemistry of natural compounds. 24, 415-21.

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Lobakova ES, Korzhenevskaya TG (1986) Effect of medium composition on growth of an association of cells of ginseng Panax ginseng and cyanobacterium Chlorogloeopsis fritschii. Moscow University biological sciences bulletin., 1.

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