Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Paeonia lactiflora

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Paeonia lactiflora

 

This species has also been known as:

Paeonia lactiflora var. lactiflora, Paeonia lactiflora f. nuda, Paeonia lactiflora f. pilosella, Paeonia lactiflora var. trichocarpa, Paeonia lactiflora var. villosa

 

Common names:

Chinese Peony, Common Garden Peony

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Paeonia lactiflora: 840]

 

Paeonia lactiflora.jpg

 

Popularity of Paeonia lactiflora over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Paeonia lactiflora (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Paeonia lactiflora as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 4094]

 

Paeonia lactiflora (95), Paeoniflorin (79), Traditional Chinese medicine (43), Pharmacokinetics (31), Apoptosis (25), medicinal plants (25), Antidepressant (17), Chinese herbal medicine (17), Herbal medicine (16), Oxidative stress (16), Inflammation (15), Neuroprotection (15), herbal medicines (14), Internet resource (14), Kampo medicine (14), Plant extracts (14), rats (14), Rheumatoid arthritis (14), Paeonia suffruticosa (13), BuYang HuanWu Decoction (12), Paeonol (12), Antioxidant activity (11), chemical constituents of plants (11), Chinese medicine (11), medicinal properties (10), monoterpenoids (9), Peony glycosides (9), Quality control (9), Resveratrol (9), roots (9), Total glucosides of paeony (9), Depression (8), HPLC (8), hyperlipidemia (8), mice (8), Paeoniae Radix (8), albiflorin (7), Atherosclerosis (7), Chemotherapy (7), Collagen-induced arthritis (7), Corticosterone (7), Danggui-Shaoyao-San (7), Diabetes mellitus (7), ethnobotany (7), glucosides (7), Kangen-karyu (7), Paeonia (7), Parkinson's disease (7), patents (7), Traditional medicine (7), Type 2 diabetes (7), Anti-depression (6), Antioxidant (6), Bioavailability (6), cancer (6), cell cycle (6), China (6), cut flowers (6), Cytokine (6), Ferulic acid (6), Glycyrrhiza uralensis (6), High performance liquid chromatography (6), Inhibition (6), Liver fibrosis (6), NF-κB (6), Obesity (6), Oriental traditional medicine (6), ornamental plants (6), PC12 cells (6), phytochemicals (6), Salvia miltiorrhiza (6), Acute toxicity (5), Alzheimer's disease (5), Anti-inflammation (5), bioassays (5), Chinese herbs (5), cultivars (5), CUMS (5), db/db mice (5), glycosylation (5), Liver (5), Menopause (5), Metabolomics (5), NMR (5), PHY906 (5), Rat (5), Respiratory syncytial virus (5), Review (5), Synoviocytes (5), synthesis (5), Active fraction (4), Akt (4), Astragalus membranaceus (4), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (4), Chaihu-Shu-Gan-San (4), Chinese medicinal herbs (4), cholesterol (4), Cinnamomum cassia (4), Clinical study (4), Cnidii Rhizoma (4).....

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

medicinal (80.39), timber (2.81), fruit (2.19), weed (1.65), ornamental (1.28), poison (1.09), oilseed/fat (0.92), cereal (0.67), boundary (0.65), grain legume (0.58).....

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Andoh T, Kobayashi N, Uta D and Kuraishi Y (2017) Prophylactic topical paeoniflorin prevents mechanical allodynia caused by paclitaxel in mice through adenosine A1 receptors. Phytomedicine 25, 1-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711316302574

Chang C-M, Wu P-C, Chiang J-H, Wei Y-H, Chen F-P, Chen T-J, Pan T-L, Yen H-R and Chang H-H (2017) Integrative therapy decreases the risk of lupus nephritis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A population-based retrospective cohort study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 196, 201-212. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116323406

Chang K-H, Lin C-H, et al. (2017) The Potential of Indole/Indolylquinoline Compounds in Tau Misfolding Reduction by Enhancement of HSPB1. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics 23, 45-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cns.12592

Chen F-P, Chang C-M, et al. (2017) Clinical efficacy of Rong-Yang-Jyh-Gan-Tang on patients with chronic hepatitis C: A double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled crossover study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 196, 1-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116323236

Chen ZX, Li B, et al. (2017) Evaluation of paeonol-loaded transethosomes as transdermal delivery carriers. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 99, 240-245. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0928098716305668

Gong P, Ao X, Liu G, Cheng F and He C (2017) Duplication and Whorl-Specific Down-Regulation of the Obligate AP3-PI Heterodimer Genes Explain the Origin of Paeonia lactiflora Plants with Spontaneous Corolla Mutation. Plant Cell Physiol., pcw204. http://pcp.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/pcw204v2

He X-R, Li C-G, Zhu X-S, Li Y-Q, Jarouche M, Bensoussan A and Li P-P (2017) High-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry technology in the analysis of Chinese Medicine Formulas: A bibliometric analysis (1997–2015). Journal of Separation Science 40, 81-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201600784

Li L-C and Kan L-D (2017) Traditional Chinese medicine for pulmonary fibrosis therapy: Progress and future prospects. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 198, 45-63. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116308029

Malik J (2017) Phytomedicine. In ‘Neuroprotective Effects of Phytochemicals in Neurological Disorders’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 167-198. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781119155195.ch8

Mousa HA-L (2017) Prevention and Treatment of Influenza, Influenza-Like Illness, and Common Cold by Herbal, Complementary, and Natural Therapies. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine 22, 166-174. http://chp.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/22/1/166

Novoa A, Le Roux JJ, Richardson DM and Wilson JRU (2017) Level of environmental threat posed by horticultural trade in Cactaceae. Conservation Biology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12892

Oh H-A, Lee H, Kim D and Jung BH (2017) Development of GC-MS based cytochrome P450 assay for the investigation of multi-herb interaction. Analytical Biochemistry 519, 71-83. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003269716304298

Patil D, Patwardhan B and Kumbhare K (2017) Chapter 2 - Why and How Drugs Fail. In ‘Innovative Approaches in Drug Discovery’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 23-64. (Academic Press: Boston). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128018149000027

Rahman M, Beg S, Verma A, Al Abbasi FA, Anwar F, Saini S, Akhter S and Kumar V (2017) Phytoconstituents as pharmacotherapeutics in rheumatoid arthritis: challenges and scope of nano/submicromedicine in its effective delivery. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 69, 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphp.12661

Sun H, Ni X, et al. (2017) Bidirectional immunomodulating activity of fermented polysaccharides from Yupingfeng. Research in Veterinary Science 110, 22-28. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003452881630529X

Uchi H, Yasumatsu M, Morino-Koga S, Mitoma C and Furue M (2017) Inhibition of aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling and induction of NRF2-mediated antioxidant activity by cinnamaldehyde in human keratinocytes. Journal of Dermatological Science 85, 36-43. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0923181116308477

Wang J-Y, Chen W-M, Wen C-S, Hung S-C, Chen P-W and Chiu J-H (2017) Du-Huo-Ji-Sheng-Tang and its active component Ligusticum chuanxiong promote osteogenic differentiation and decrease the aging process of human mesenchymal stem cells. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 198, 64-72. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116323248

Wu F, Zhang C, Wang X, Guo J and Dong L (2017) Ethylene-influenced development of tree peony cut flowers and characterization of genes involved in ethylene biosynthesis and perception. Postharvest Biology and Technology 125, 150-160. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925521416306093

Zhang Y, Lin H, Li S, Chen J, Sun Y and Li Y (2017) High-speed counter-current chromatography assisted preparative isolation of bioactive compounds from stem bark of Juglans mandshurica. Journal of Separation Science, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201601043

(2016) All in One - Complete Issue: ChemInform 22/2016. ChemInform 47, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chin.201692201

(2016) Issue Information - TOC. Phytotherapy Research 30, 1377-1377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5466

(2016) Contents: HCA 1/2016. Helvetica Chimica Acta 99, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.201680110

Aldahlawi AM (2016) Modulation of dendritic cell immune functions by plant components. Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure 4, 55-62. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213879X1600002X

Apaya MK, Chang M-T and Shyur L-F (2016) Phytomedicine polypharmacology: Cancer therapy through modulating the tumor microenvironment and oxylipin dynamics. Pharmacology & Therapeutics 162, 58-68. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0163725816000516

Balen AH, Morley LC, et al. (2016) The management of anovulatory infertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: an analysis of the evidence to support the development of global WHO guidance. Hum. Reprod. Update 22, 687-708. http://humupd.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/22/6/687

Bidhendi AJ and Geitmann A (2016) Relating the mechanics of the primary plant cell wall to morphogenesis. J. Exp. Bot. 67, 449-461. http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/67/2/449

Biersack B (2016) Current state of phenolic and terpenoidal dietary factors and natural products as non-coding RNA/microRNA modulators for improved cancer therapy and prevention. Non-coding RNA Research 1, 12-34. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2468054016300026

Byun AR, Kwon S and Kim S (2016) Administration of Herbal Complexes, Dangguijakyak-san (TJ-23) and Coix Seeds, for Treating Verruca Planae: A Case Report. EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing 12, 65-67. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550830715001615

Chang C-C, Lee Y-C, Lin C-C, Chang C-H, Chiu C-D, Chou L-W, Sun M-F and Yen H-R (2016) Characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine usage in patients with stroke in Taiwan: A nationwide population-based study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 186, 311-321. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116302094

Chang C-W, Tung C-W, Tsai C-C, Wu Y-T and Hsu M-C (2016) Determination of cannabinoids in hemp nut products in Taiwan by HPLC-MS/MS coupled with chemometric analysis: quality evaluation and a pilot human study. Drug Testing and Analysis, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dta.2062

Chen H-Y, Lin Y-H and Chen Y-C (2016) Identifying Chinese herbal medicine network for treating acne: Implications from a nationwide database. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 179, 1-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115302828

Chen J, Li B, Zhao H, Li Z, Wang J, Deng D and Wang W (2016) Evaluation of Chinese medicine on heart failure based on NMR metabolomics. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences 3, 100-109. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095754816300333

Chen L and Yu J (2016) Modulation of Toll-like receptor signaling in innate immunity by natural products. International Immunopharmacology 37, 65-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576916300406

Chen M, May BH, Zhou IW, Xue CCL and Zhang AL (2016) Meta-Analysis of Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy Combined With Traditional Medicines for Colorectal Cancer: Contributions of Specific Plants to Tumor Response. Integr Cancer Ther 15, 40-59. http://ict.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/1/40

Chen Mh, May BH, Zhou IW, Zhang AL and Xue CC (2016) Integrative Medicine for Relief of Nausea and Vomiting in the Treatment of Colorectal Cancer Using Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Phytotherapy Research 30, 741-753. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5586

Chen M-H, Chen X-J, Wang M, Lin L-G and Wang Y-T (2016) Ophiopogon japonicus—A phytochemical, ethnomedicinal and pharmacological review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 181, 193-213. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411630037X

Chen S-D, Wang D-M, Lu C-J and Zhao R-Z (2016) Two new ?-pyrone glucosides from Paeonia albiflora. Journal of Asian natural products research. 18, 153-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286020.2015.1082548

Chen S-R, Qiu H-C, Hu Y, Wang Y and Wang Y-T (2016) Herbal Medicine Offered as an Initiative Therapeutic Option for the Management of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Phytotherapy Research 30, 863-877. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5594

Chen Y and Zhang Y (2016) Functional and mechanistic analysis of telomerase: An antitumor drug target. Pharmacology & Therapeutics 163, 24-47. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0163725816300390

Chen Y-J, Chen Y-Y, Wu C-Y and Chi C-C (2016) Oral Chinese herbal medicine in combination with phototherapy for vitiligo: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 26, 21-27. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965229916300188

Chen Z, Zhu Y, et al. (2016) Serum Metabolomic Profiling in a Rat Model Reveals Protective Function of Paeoniflorin Against ANIT Induced Cholestasis. Phytotherapy Research 30, 654-662. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5575

Cheng C, Yuan Q, Zhou H and Huang L (2016) Nondestructive estimation of growth year in ginseng cultivars using the means of mathematical modeling on the basis of allometry. Microscopy Research and Technique 79, 98-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jemt.22610

Cheng J, Xiao S and Liu T (2016) Analysis of active patents to investigate the frequency and patterns of Chinese herbal extract combinations claiming to treat heart disease. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences 3, 81-90. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095754816300849

Cohen M, Kamenetsky R and Yom Din G (2016) Herbaceous peony in warm climate: Modelling stem elongation and growers profit responses to dormancy conditions. Information Processing in Agriculture 3, 175-182. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214317315300214

Demotes-Mainard S, Péron T, et al. (2016) Plant responses to red and far-red lights, applications in horticulture. Environmental and Experimental Botany 121, 4-21. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847215000933

Ding X, Sun Y, Wang Q, Pu T, Li X, Pan Y and Yang Y (2016) Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of glycyrrhetinic acid with Paeoniflorin after transdermal administration in dysmenorrhea model mice. Phytomedicine 23, 864-871. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711316300587

Donaire L and Ayllón MA (2016) Deep sequencing of mycovirus-derived small RNAs from Botrytis species. Molecular Plant Pathology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mpp.12466

Dong L, May BH, Feng M, Hyde AJ, Tan HY, Guo X, Zhang AL, Lu C and Xue CC (2016) Chinese Herbal Medicine for Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cognitive Outcomes. Phytotherapy Research 30, 1592-1604. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5679

Du G-h, Yuan T-y, Du L-d and Zhang Y-x (2016) Chapter Twelve - The Potential of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment and Modulation of Pain. In ‘Advances in Pharmacology’ (Ed.^(Eds James EB) pp. 325-361. (Academic Press). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054358916000028

Egashira N, Iba H, et al. (2016) Kamishoyosan reduces conditioned fear-induced freezing behavior in socially isolated ovariectomized rats. Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 131, 279-283. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1347861316300895

El-Ahmady SH and Ashour ML (2016) 24 - Advances in Testing for Adulteration of Food Supplements A2 - Downey, Gerard. In ‘Advances in Food Authenticity Testing’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 667-699. (Woodhead Publishing). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081002209000242

Feng L, Li Y, Sheng L, Li T, Zhao D and Tao J (2016) Comparative Analysis of Headspace Volatiles of Different Herbaceous Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) Cultivars. Journal of essential oil-bearing plants. 19, 167-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0972060X.2014.1000391

Fleischer T, Chang T-T and Yen H-R (2016) Post-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with hematologic disorders: Chinese herbal medicine for an unmet need. Journal of Integrative Medicine 14, 322-335. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095496416602704

Fu C, Xia Z, Liu Y, Lu H, Zhang Z, Wang Y and Fan X (2016) Qualitative analysis of major constituents from Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Separation Science 39, 3457-3468. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201600083

Fu Q, Qiu L, Yuan H-M, Yu T and Zou L (2016) ChemInform Abstract: Paeonenoides D and E: Two New Nortriterpenoids from Paeonia lactiflora and Their Inhibitory Activities on NO Production. ChemInform 47, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chin.201622207

Fu Q, Qiu L, Yuan H-M, Yu T and Zou L (2016) Paeonenoides D and E: Two New Nortriterpenoids from Paeonia lactiflora and Their Inhibitory Activities on NO Production. Helvetica Chimica Acta 99, 46-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.201500130

Fu Q, Yuan H-M, Chen J and Shi J-Y (2016) Dammarane-type saponins from Ziziphus jujube and their inhibitory effects against TNF-α release in LPS-induced RAW 246.7 macrophages. Phytochemistry Letters 16, 169-173. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874390016300544

Gong C, Chen T, Chen H, Zhang S, Wang X, Wang W, Sun J, Li Y and Liao Z (2016) First separation of four aromatic acids and two analogues with similar structures and polarities from Clematis akebioides by high-speed counter-current chromatography. Journal of Separation Science 39, 4660-4666. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201600805

Gu J, Chen J, Yang N, Hou X, Wang J, Tan X, Feng L and Jia X (2016) Combination of Ligusticum chuanxiong and Radix Paeoniae ameliorate focal cerebral ischemic in MCAO rats via endoplasmic reticulum stress-dependent apoptotic signaling pathway. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 187, 313-324. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116302173

Guo Y, Wang J, et al. (2016) Application of mid-infrared spectroscopy in analyzing different segmented production of Angelica by AB-8 macroporous resin. Journal of Molecular Structure 1103, 61-69. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022286015302660

Haid S, Grethe C, Bankwitz D, Grunwald T and Pietschmann T (2016) Identification of a Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Cell Entry Inhibitor by Using a Novel Lentiviral Pseudotype System. J. Virol. 90, 3065-3073. http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/90/6/3065

Hao L, Ma H, Teixeira da Silva JA and Yu X (2016) Pollen Morphology of Herbaceous Peonies with Different Ploidy Levels. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 141, 275-284. http://journal.ashspublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/141/3/275

Hassan STS and Žemlička M (2016) Plant-Derived Urease Inhibitors as Alternative Chemotherapeutic Agents. Archiv der Pharmazie 349, 507-522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ardp.201500019

He B, Lu C, Zheng G, He X, Wang M, Chen G, Zhang G and Lu A (2016) Combination therapeutics in complex diseases. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 20, 2231-2240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.12930

He X, Bai Y, et al. (2016) Local and traditional uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of Sophora japonica L.: A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 187, 160-182. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116302057

Hehir MP and Morrison JJ (2016) Paeoniflorin, a novel heat-shock protein inducing compound, and human myometrial contractility in vitro. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 42, 302-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.12895

Hlila MB, Mosbah H, Zanina N, Ben Nejma A, Ben Jannet H, Aouni M and Selmi B (2016) Characterisation of phenolic antioxidants in Scabiosa arenaria flowers by LC–ESI-MS/MS and NMR. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 68, 932-940. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphp.12561

Hu X-L, Li Y-B, Qi S, Zhang Q, Ren T-S, Meng W-H and Zhao Q-C (2016) 4-O-galloylalbiflorin discovered from Paeonia lactiflora Pall. is a potential β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) inhibitor. Journal of Functional Foods 27, 517-525. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1756464616303255

Hu Y, Sun J, Wang Y and Qiao Y (2016) Property combination patterns of traditional Chinese medicines. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences 3, 110-115. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095754816300102

Huang X, Su S, et al. (2016) Effects and mechanisms of Shaofu-Zhuyu decoction and its major bioactive component for Cold - Stagnation and Blood – Stasis primary dysmenorrhea rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 186, 234-243. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116301866

Hung H-Y and Wu T-S (2016) Recent progress on the traditional Chinese medicines that regulate the blood. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis 24, 221-238. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1021949815001556

Jeong S, Kimura M, Fujimoto M, Nogami T, Watari H, Hikiami H and Shimada Y (2016) Traditional Japanese formulas tokishakuyakusan and ogikenchuto suppress dermal sclerosis in bleomycin-induced murine scleroderma. Traditional & Kampo Medicine 3, 112-119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/tkm2.1048

Jia X, Wei F, Sun X, Chang Y, Xu S, Yang X, Wang C and Wei W (2016) CP-25 attenuates the inflammatory response of fibroblast-like synoviocytes co-cultured with BAFF-activated CD4+ T cells. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 189, 194-201. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116303063

Jiamboonsri P, Pithayanukul P, Bavovada R, Leanpolchareanchai J, Gao S and Hu M (2016) In vitro glucuronidation of methyl gallate and pentagalloyl glucopyranose by liver microsomes. Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics 31, 292-303. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1347436716300180

Jin Y, Qu C, et al. (2016) Herb pairs containing Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Danggui): A review of bio-active constituents and compatibility effects. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 181, 158-171. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116300332

Jo J, Lee SH, Lee JM, Lee H, Kwack SJ and Kim DI (2016) Use and safety of Korean herbal medicine during pregnancy: A Korean medicine literature review. European Journal of Integrative Medicine 8, 4-11. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876382015300512

Jun G, Park T-M and Cha S (2016) Fast and Simple Chemical Fingerprinting Analysis of Medicinal Herbs by Paper Cone Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (PCSI MS). Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society 37, 1337-1343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bkcs.10868

Kim H-j, Jeon J-h and Kim Y-i (2016) Clinical Effect of Acupotomy Combined with Korean Medicine: A Case Series of a Herniated Intervertebral Disc. Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies 9, 31-41. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2005290115001776

Kim J-H, Ha W-R, Park J-H, Lee G, Choi G, Lee S-H and Kim Y-S (2016) Influence of herbal combinations on the extraction efficiencies of chemical compounds from Cinnamomum cassia, Paeonia lactiflora, and Glycyrrhiza uralensis, the herbal components of Gyeji-tang, evaluated by HPLC method. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 129, 50-59. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0731708516303612

Lam CTW, Chan PH, et al. (2016) Chemical and biological assessment of Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba)-containing herbal decoctions: Induction of erythropoietin expression in cultures. Journal of Chromatography B 1026, 254-262. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570023215301963

Lam CTW, Gong AGW, Lam KYC, Zhang LM, Chen J-P, Dong TTX, Lin H-Q and Tsim KWK (2016) Jujube-containing herbal decoctions induce neuronal differentiation and the expression of anti-oxidant enzymes in cultured PC12 cells. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 188, 275-283. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874116302781

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Tsang SW, Ip SP, Wu JC-Y, Ng S-C, Yung KK-L and Bian Z-X (2015) A Chinese medicinal formulation ameliorates dextran sulfate sodium-induced experimental colitis by suppressing the activity of nuclear factor-kappaB signaling. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 162, 20-30. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114009398

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Wang F, Ai Y, Wu Y, Ma W, Bian Q, Lee DYW and Dai R (2015) Systematic chemical profiling of a multicomponent Chinese herbal formula Huo Luo Xiao Ling Dan by ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupoletime-of-flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Separation Science 38, 917-924. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201401245

Wang L, Yang S, Zhao K and Han L (2015) Expression Profiles of the Heat Shock Protein 70 Gene in Response to Heat Stress in Agrotis c-nigrum (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J Insect Sci 15, 9-. http://jinsectscience.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/15/1/9

Wang Q, Liang Z, Peng Y, Hou JL, Wei SL, Zhao ZZ and Wang WQ (2015) Whole transverse section and specific-tissue analysis of secondary metabolites in seven different grades of root of Paeonia lactiflora using laser microdissection and liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time of flight-mass spectrometry. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 103, 7-16. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0731708514005111

Wang T, Zhai L, Guo Y, Pei H and Zhang M (2015) Picroside II has a neuroprotective effect by inhibiting ERK1/2 activation after cerebral ischemic injury in rats. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 42, 930-939. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.12445

Wang X, Wang N, Cheung F, Lao L, Li C and Feng Y (2015) Chinese medicines for prevention and treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma: current progress on pharmacological actions and mechanisms. Journal of Integrative Medicine 13, 142-164. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095496415601716

Wang X-f, Zhang L, Wu Q-h, Min J-x, Ma N and Luo L-c (2015) Investigation of Mechanism of Premature Ovarian Failure Regulation by Kidney-tonifying Herbs and Liver-clearing Herbs in Dingjing Decoction. Chinese Herbal Medicines 7, 328-333. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674638415600600

Wang Y, Wang P, et al. (2015) Discrimination and chemical characterization of different Paeonia lactifloras (Radix Paeoniae Alba and Radix Paeoniae Rubra) by infrared macro-fingerprint analysis-through-separation. Journal of Molecular Structure 1099, 68-76. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022286015300594

Wu J, Cheng Z, et al. (2015) The significant inhibition on CYP3A caused by radix Aconiti single herb is not observed in the Wutou decoction: The necessity of combination therapy of radix Aconiti. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 170, 251-254. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115003323

Wu Q, Chen G-L, Li Y-J, Chen Y and Lin F-Z (2015) Paeoniflorin inhibits macrophage-mediated lung cancer metastasis. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 13, 925-932. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875536415300984

Wu Y, Wang F, Ai Y, Ma W, Bian Q, Lee DYW and Dai R (2015) Simultaneous determination of seven coumarins by UPLC–MS/MS: Application to a comparative pharmacokinetic study in normal and arthritic rats after oral administration of Huo Luo Xiao Ling Dan or single-herb extract. Journal of Chromatography B 991, 108-117. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570023215002202

Xiang N, Li X-M, et al. (2015) Total glucosides of paeony can reduce the hepatotoxicity caused by Methotrexate and Leflunomide combination treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis. International Immunopharmacology 28, 802-807. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576915300667

Xiao C, Wu M, Chen Y, Zhang Y, Zhao X and Zheng X (2015) Revealing Metabolomic Variations in Cortex Moutan from Different Root Parts using HPLC–MS method. Phytochemical Analysis 26, 86-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pca.2539

Xiao F, Yan B, Chen L and Zhou D (2015) Review of the use of botanicals for epilepsy in complementary medical systems — Traditional Chinese Medicine. Epilepsy & Behavior 52, Part B, 281-289. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S152550501500219X

Yamaoki R, Kimura S and Ohta M (2015) Evaluation of absorbed dose in irradiated sugar-containing plant material (peony roots) by an ESR method. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 117, 41-47. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0969806X15300177

Yang X, Yao W, Li Q, Liu H, Shi H, Gao Y and Xu L (2015) Mechanism of Tang Luo Ning effect on attenuating of oxidative stress in sciatic nerve of STZ-induced diabetic rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 174, 1-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115300659

Yang Y, Wang C, Li X, Chai Q, Fei Y, Xia R, Xu R, Yang L and Liu J (2015) Chinese herbal medicine for Henoch–Schönlein purpura in children without renal damage: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 23, 741-750. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965229915001235

Zhai L, Shi J, Xu W, Heinrich M, Wang J and Deng W (2015) Ex Vivo and In Situ Evaluation of ‘Dispelling-Wind’ Chinese Medicine Herb–Drugs on Intestinal Absorption of Chlorogenic Acid. Phytotherapy Research 29, 1974-1981. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5492

Zhang J, Li H, Huo R, Zhai T, Li H, Sun Y, Shen B and Li N (2015) Paeoniflorin selectively inhibits LPS-provoked B-cell function. Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 128, 8-16. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1347861315000511

Zhang J, Xu X-J, Xu W, Huang J, Zhu D-y and Qiu X-H (2015) Rapid Characterization and Identification of Flavonoids in Radix Astragali by Ultra-High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Linear Ion Trap-Orbitrap Mass Spectrometry. J Chromatogr Sci 53, 945-952. http://chromsci.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/53/6/945

Zhang L, Wang X and Lai M (2015) Modulation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal cancerous transition by natural products. Fitoterapia 106, 247-255. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X15300885

Zhang L, Wang Y, Yang D, Zhang C, Zhang N, Li M and Liu Y (2015) Platycodon grandiflorus – An Ethnopharmacological, phytochemical and pharmacological review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 164, 147-161. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115000677

Zhang Y, Liu C, Li J, Qi Y, Li Y and Li S (2015) Development of “ultrasound-assisted dynamic extraction” and its combination with CCC and CPC for simultaneous extraction and isolation of phytochemicals. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 26, 111-118. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1350417715000498

Zhao D, Tang W, Hao Z and Tao J (2015) Identification of flavonoids and expression of flavonoid biosynthetic genes in two coloured tree peony flowers. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 459, 450-456. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X15003666

Zhao H, Zhang Y, Guo Y and Shi S (2015) Identification of major α-glucosidase inhibitors in Radix Astragali and its human microsomal metabolites using ultrafiltration HPLC–DAD–MSn. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 104, 31-37. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0731708514004762

Zhao L, Xiong Z, et al. (2015) Simultaneous determination of six bioactive constituents of Guizhi Fuling Capsule in rat plasma by UHPLC–MS/MS: Application to a pharmacokinetic study. Journal of Chromatography B 1001, 49-57. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570023215300982

Zhao W, Haller V and Ritsch A (2015) The polyphenol PGG enhances expression of SR-BI and ABCA1 in J774 and THP-1 macrophages. Atherosclerosis 242, 611-617. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021915015300897

Zhou G, Tang L, Zhou X, Wang T, Kou Z and Wang Z (2015) A review on phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of the processed lateral root of Aconitum carmichaelii Debeaux. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 160, 173-193. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114008605

Zhou K, Jia N, Jiang N, Wang F and Kou J (2015) Beneficial effect of Danggui-Shaoyao-San, a traditional Chinese medicine, on drowsiness induced by chronic restraint stress. Neuroscience Letters 597, 26-31. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304394015003195

Zhu S, Yu X, Wu Y, Shiraishi F, Kawahara N and Komatsu K (2015) Genetic and chemical characterization of white and red peony root derived from Paeonia lactiflora. Natural medicines. 69, 35-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11418-014-0857-5

Zhu X, Jing L, Chen C, Shao M, Fan Q, Diao J, Liu Y, Lv Z and Sun X (2015) Danzhi Xiaoyao San ameliorates depressive-like behavior by shifting toward serotonin via the downregulation of hippocampal indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 160, 86-93. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114008150

Zou L, Hu L-F, Guo Y-D, Song Y and Fu Q (2015) Lipoxygenase-inhibiting phenolic glycosides and monoterpene glycosides from Paeonia lactiflora. Journal of Asian natural products research. 17, 808-812. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286020.2015.1007960

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Behravan E, Razavi BM and Hosseinzadeh H (2014) Review of Plants and Their Constituents in the Therapy of Cerebral Ischemia. Phytotherapy Research 28, 1265-1274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5187

Chang K-H, Chen W-L, et al. (2014) Aqueous extract of Gardenia jasminoides targeting oxidative stress to reduce polyQ aggregation in cell models of spinocerebellar ataxia 3. Neuropharmacology 81, 166-175. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028390814000392

Chang Y-Y, Tsai Y-T, Lai J-N, Yeh C-H and Lin S-K (2014) The traditional Chinese medicine prescription patterns for migraine patients in Taiwan: A population-based study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 151, 1209-1217. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113009227

Chao T-H, Fu P-K, Chang C-H, Chang S-N, Chiahung Mao F and Lin C-H (2014) Prescription patterns of Chinese herbal products for post-surgery colon cancer patients in Taiwan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 702-708. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114004607

Chen J, Chen Z, Ma L, Liang Q, Jia W, Pan Z, Zeng Y and Jiang B (2014) Development of determination of four analytes of Zhi-Shao-San decoction using LC-MS/MS and its application to comparative pharmacokinetics in normal and irritable bowel syndrome rat plasma. Biomedical Chromatography 28, 1384-1392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.3180

Chen M, May BH, Zhou IW, Xue CCL and Zhang AL (2014) FOLFOX 4 Combined with Herbal Medicine for Advanced Colorectal Cancer: A Systematic Review. Phytotherapy Research 28, 976-991. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5092

Chen N, Liu D, et al. (2014) Paeonol suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory cytokines in macrophage cells and protects mice from lethal endotoxin shock. Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology 28, 268-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/fcp.12019

Chen X (2014) Profiling and Characterization of Bioactive Substances of Herbal Medicine and their Metabolites Using Mass Spectrometry. In ‘Handbook of Metabolic Pathways of Xenobiotics’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118541203.xen0032

Chen Z-W, Tong L, Li S-M, Li D-X, Zhang Y, Zhou S-P, Zhu Y-H and Sun H (2014) Identification of metabolites of Radix Paeoniae Alba extract in rat bile, plasma and urine by ultra-performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis 4, 14-25. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095177913000695

Choi EM, Suh KS, Rhee SY and Kim YS (2014) Inhibitory effect of paeoniflorin on methylglyoxal-mediated oxidative stress in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Phytomedicine 21, 1170-1177. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711314002293

Deng S, May BH, Zhang AL, Lu C and Xue CCL (2014) Topical Herbal Formulae in the Management of Psoriasis: Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis of Clinical Studies and Investigation of the Pharmacological Actions of the Main Herbs. Phytotherapy Research 28, 480-497. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5028

Donnapee S, Li J, Yang X, Ge A-h, Donkor PO, Gao X-m and Chang Y-x (2014) Cuscuta chinensis Lam.: A systematic review on ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and pharmacology of an important traditional herbal medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 157, 292-308. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114006874

Eddouks M, Bidi A, Bouhali BEL and Zeggwagh NA (2014) Chapter 11 - Insulin Resistance as a Target of Some Plant-Derived Phytocompounds. In ‘Studies in Natural Products Chemistry’ (Ed.^(Eds Atta ur R) pp. 351-373. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444634306000114

Empl MT, Macke S, Winterhalter P, Puff C, Lapp S, Stoica G, Baumgärtner W and Steinberg P (2014) The growth of the canine glioblastoma cell line D-GBM and the canine histiocytic sarcoma cell line DH82 is inhibited by the resveratrol oligomers hopeaphenol and r2-viniferin. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 12, 149-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5829.2012.00349.x

Fakhrudin N, Waltenberger B, et al. (2014) Identification of plumericin as a potent new inhibitor of the NF-κB pathway with anti-inflammatory activity in vitro and in vivo. British Journal of Pharmacology 171, 1676-1686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.12558

Flower A, Witt C, Liu J, Ulrich-Merzenich G, Muir K, Yu H, Prude M and Lewith G (2014) GP-TCM Unabridged guidelines for randomised controlled trials investigating Chinese herbal medicine (CHM). European Journal of Integrative Medicine 6, 186-210. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876382013001169

Ge J, Zhao D, Han C, Wang J, Hao Z and Tao J (2014) Cloning and expression of floral organ development-related genes in herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.). Molecular biology reports. 41, 6493-6503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-014-3532-8

Guan H-P and Chen G (2014) Chapter Six - Factors Affecting Insulin-Regulated Hepatic Gene Expression. In ‘Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science’ (Ed.^(Eds Ya-Xiong T) pp. 165-215. (Academic Press). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128001011000065

Guo J, Shang E, Zhao J, Fan X, Duan J, Qian D, Tao W and Tang Y (2014) Data mining and frequency analysis for licorice as a “Two-Face” herb in Chinese Formulae based on Chinese Formulae Database. Phytomedicine 21, 1281-1286. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711314002736

Guo Y and Gan S-S (2014) Translational researches on leaf senescence for enhancing plant productivity and quality. J. Exp. Bot. 65, 3901-3913. http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/65/14/3901

Hasanuzzaman M, Nahar K and Fujita M (2014) Chapter 16 - Silicon and Selenium: Two Vital Trace Elements that Confer Abiotic Stress Tolerance to Plants. In ‘Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 377-422. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128008768000163

He C, Peng B, Dan Y, Peng Y and Xiao P (2014) Chemical taxonomy of tree peony species from China based on root cortex metabolic fingerprinting. Phytochemistry 107, 69-79. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942214003550

He J-X, Ohno K, Tang J, Hattori M, Tani T and Akao T (2014) Da-Chaihu-Tang alters the pharmacokinetics of nifedipine in rats and a treatment regimen to avoid this. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 66, 1623-1630. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphp.12285

Hook ILI (2014) Danggui to Angelica sinensis root: Are potential benefits to European women lost in translation? A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 152, 1-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113008933

Huang C (2014) Natural modulators of liver X receptors. Journal of Integrative Medicine 12, 76-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095496414600133

Huang C, Zheng C, Li Y, Wang Y, Lu A and Yang L (2014) Systems pharmacology in drug discovery and therapeutic insight for herbal medicines. Brief Bioinform 15, 710-733. http://bib.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/15/5/710

Huang Y-R, Wei Q-X, et al. (2014) Ureic clearance granule, alleviates renal dysfunction and tubulointerstitial fibrosis by promoting extracellular matrix degradation in renal failure rats, compared with enalapril. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 1541-1552. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114005674

Ito T, Maeda T, Goto K, Miura T, Wakame K, Nishioka H and Sato A (2014) Enzyme-Treated Asparagus Extract Promotes Expression of Heat Shock Protein and Exerts Antistress Effects. Journal of Food Science 79, H413-H419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.12371

Ito T, Ono T, Sato A, Goto K, Miura T, Wakame K, Nishioka H and Maeda T (2014) Toxicological assessment of enzyme-treated asparagus extract in rat acute and subchronic oral toxicity studies and genotoxicity tests. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 68, 240-249. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273230013002262

Ittiyavirah SP and Hameed J (2014) Herbs treating Parkinson’s disease. Biomedicine & Aging Pathology 4, 369-376. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221052201400063X

Ji L, Teixeira da Silva JA, Zhang J, Tang Z and Yu X (2014) Development and application of 15 novel polymorphic microsatellite markers for sect. Paeonia (Paeonia L.). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 54, 257-266. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030519781400057X

Jia X-Y, Chang Y, et al. (2014) Total glucosides of paeony inhibit the proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes through the regulation of G proteins in rats with collagen-induced arthritis. International Immunopharmacology 18, 1-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576913003524

Jiang Z, Chen W, Yan X, Bi L, Guo S and Zhan Z (2014) Paeoniflorin protects cells from GalN/TNF-{alpha}-induced apoptosis via ER stress and mitochondria-dependent pathways in human L02 hepatocytes. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin 46, 357-367. http://abbs.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/46/5/357

Kim JH, Shin HK and Seo CS (2014) Chemical interaction between Paeonia lactiflora and Glycyrrhiza uralensis, the components of Jakyakgamcho?tang, using a validated high?performance liquid chromatography method: Herbal combination and chemical interaction in a decoction. Journal of separation science. 37, 2704-2715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201400522

Kim J-H, Shin H-K and Seo C-S (2014) Chemical interaction between Paeonia lactiflora and Glycyrrhiza uralensis, the components of Jakyakgamcho-tang, using a validated high-performance liquid chromatography method: Herbal combination and chemical interaction in a decoction. Journal of Separation Science 37, 2704-2715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201400522

Kim M, Lim SJ, Oidovsambuu S and Nho CW (2014) Gnetin H isolated from Paeonia anomala inhibits FcεRI-mediated mast cell signaling and degranulation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 154, 798-806. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114003560

Kim WY, Hanigan MD, Lee SJ, Lee SM, Kim DH, Hyun JH, Yeo JM and Lee SS (2014) Effects of Cordyceps militaris on the growth of rumen microorganisms and in vitro rumen fermentation with respect to methane emissions. Journal of Dairy Science 97, 7065-7075. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030214005992

Kong M, Liu H-H, Xu J, Wang C-R, Lu M, Wang X-N, Li Y-B and Li S-L (2014) Quantitative evaluation of Radix Paeoniae Alba sulfur-fumigated with different durations and purchased from herbal markets: Simultaneous determination of twelve components belonging to three chemical types by improved high performance liquid chromatography–diode array detector. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 98, 424-433. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S073170851400315X

Kulus D and Zalewska M (2014) Cryopreservation as a tool used in long-term storage of ornamental species – A review. Scientia Horticulturae 168, 88-107. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423814000181

Kumar SV, Saravanan D, Kumar B and Jayakumar A (2014) An update on prodrugs from natural products. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 7, Supplement 1, S54-S59. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764514602030

Kwon Y-K, Bong Y-S, Lee K-S and Hwang G-S (2014) An integrated analysis for determining the geographical origin of medicinal herbs using ICP-AES ICP-MS and 1H NMR analysis. Food chemistry. 15, 161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.03.124

Lao Y, Wang X, Xu N, Zhang H and Xu H (2014) Application of proteomics to determine the mechanism of action of traditional Chinese medicine remedies. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 1-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114003912

Lee Y-W, Chen T-L, Shih Y-RV, Tsai C-L, Chang C-C, Liang H-H, Tseng S-H, Chien S-C and Wang C-C (2014) Adjunctive traditional Chinese medicine therapy improves survival in patients with advanced breast cancer: A population-based study. Cancer 120, 1338-1344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.28579

Li B, Tao W, Zheng C, Shar PA, Huang C, Fu Y and Wang Y (2014) Systems pharmacology-based approach for dissecting the addition and subtraction theory of traditional Chinese medicine: An example using Xiao-Chaihu-Decoction and Da-Chaihu-Decoction. Computers in Biology and Medicine 53, 19-29. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001048251400122X

Li P, Zhang Z-M, Li T, Zhang Y-B, Sze SCW, Wang G-C, Li Y-L and Ye W-C (2014) Monoterpene derivatives from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora and their anti-proliferative activity. Fitoterapia 98, 124-129. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X1400197X

Li S, Chen A-J, Fang S and Li H (2014) Successful treatment of necrobiotic xanthogranuloma with total glucosides of paeony. Dermatologic Therapy 27, 304-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dth.12133

Liu P, Li W, Li Z-h, Qian D-w, Guo J-m, Shang E-x, Su S-l, Tang Y-p and Duan J-a (2014) Comparisons of pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution profile of four major bioactive components after oral administration of Xiang–Fu–Si–Wu Decoction effective fraction in normal and dysmenorrheal symptom rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 154, 696-703. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114003328

Liu X, Liu L, et al. (2014) Clinical trials of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy—A systematic review based on a subgroup analysis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 151, 810-819. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113008222

Liu X, Wang Q, Song G, Zhang G, Ye Z and Williamson EM (2014) The Classification and Application of Toxic Chinese Materia Medica. Phytotherapy Research 28, 334-347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.5006

Lu X, Xiao W, Kang X, Yu J and Fan Z (2014) The effect of Chinese herbal medicine on non-biliogenic severe acute pancreatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 21-29. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114004097

Luo L, Wang J, et al. (2014) Chinese herbal medicine for chronic heart failure: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences 1, 98-108. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095754814000118

Luo N, Li Z, Qian D, Qian Y, Guo J, Duan J-a and Zhu M (2014) Simultaneous determination of bioactive components of Radix Angelicae Sinensis–Radix Paeoniae Alba herb couple in rat plasma and tissues by UPLC–MS/MS and its application to pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution. Journal of Chromatography B 963, 29-39. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570023214003444

Mashtoub S, Hoang BV, Vu M, Lymn KA, Feinle-Bisset C and Howarth GS (2014) Clinical and Structural Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Herbal Preparation, Iberogast, in a Rat Model of Ulcerative Colitis. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine 19, 10-19. http://chp.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/19/1/10

Miao EY, Miao MY-m, Kildea DG and Lao Y-W (2014) Effects of Electroacupuncture and Electroacupuncture Plus Tao Hong Si Wu Wan in Treating Primary Dysmenorrhea. Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies 7, 6-14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2005290113000617

Pan D, Wang L, Hu B and Zhou P (2014) Structural characterization and bioactivity evaluation of an acidic proteoglycan extract from Ganoderma lucidum fruiting bodies for PTP1B inhibition and anti-diabetes. Biopolymers 101, 613-623. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bip.22426

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Ngan LTM, Moon J-K, Shibamoto T and Ahn Y-J (2012) Growth-Inhibiting, Bactericidal, and Urease Inhibitory Effects of Paeonia lactiflora Root Constituents and Related Compounds on Antibiotic-Susceptible and -Resistant Strains of Helicobacter pylori. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 60, 9062–9073. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf3035034

Oliver CL, Cai R, Vinatzer BA, Bush EA and Hansen MA (2012) First Report of Bacterial Spot of Peony Caused by a Xanthomonas sp. in the United States. Plant disease. 96, 581. http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-01-12-0001-PDN

Patel DK, Kumar R, Laloo D and Hemalatha S (2012) Natural medicines from plant source used for therapy of diabetes mellitus: An overview of its pharmacological aspects. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease 2, 239-250. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2222180812600541

Samuels N, Maimon Y and Siegelmann-Danieli N (2012) In Reply. Oncologist 17, 742-743. http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org

Shaw L-H and Tsai T-H (2012) Simultaneous determination and pharmacokinetics of protein unbound aspirin and salicylic acid in rat blood and brain by microdialysis: An application to herbal–drug interaction. Journal of Chromatography B 895–896, 31-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570023212001596

Shen M, Wang Q, Yu X and Teixeira da Silva JA (2012) Micropropagation of herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.). Scientia horticulturae. 4, 148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.09.017

Song J-X, Sze SC-W, Ng T-B, Lee CK-F, Leung GPH, Shaw P-C, Tong Y and Zhang Y-B (2012) Anti-Parkinsonian drug discovery from herbal medicines: What have we got from neurotoxic models? Journal of Ethnopharmacology 139, 698-711. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111009081

Strader DB, Navarro VJ and Seeff LB (2012) Chapter 26 - Hepatotoxicity of Herbal Preparations. In ‘Zakim and Boyer’s Hepatology (Sixth Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 462-475. (W.B. Saunders: Saint Louis). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781437708813000267

Strader DB, Navarro VJ and Seeff LB (2012) Chapter 26 - Hepatotoxicity of Herbal Preparations A2 - Boyer, Thomas D. In ‘Zakim and Boyer’s Hepatology (Sixth Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds Manns MP and Sanyal AJ) pp. 462-475. (W.B. Saunders: Saint Louis). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781437708813000267

Sun W, Wang L, Liu H, Li X and Wei W (2012) A standardized extract from Paeonia lactiflora and Astragalus membranaceus attenuates liver fibrosis induced by porcine serum in rats. Int J Mol Med 29, 491-8.

Tanaka R, Yamazaki M, Hasada K and Nagatsu A (2012) Application of quantitative (1)H-NMR method to determination of paeoniflorin in Paeoniae radix. J Nat Med.

Thounaojam MC, Navalsinh Jadeja R, Vijaysinh Devkar R and Vadathala Ramachandran A (2012) Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: an overview including treatments with herbals as alternative therapeutics. Journal of Applied Biomedicine 10, 119-136. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1214021X14600727

Wang D, Yuan F, Wang L and Wei W (2012) Paeoniflorin inhibits function and down-regulates HLA-DR and CD80 expression of human peripheral blood monocytes stimulated by RhIL-1β. International Immunopharmacology 14, 172-178. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576912002147

Wang H, Zhou H, Wang C-X, Li Y-S, Xie H-Y, Luo J-D and Zhou Y (2012) Paeoniflorin inhibits growth of human colorectal carcinoma HT 29 cells in vitro and in vivo. Food and Chemical Toxicology 50, 1560-1567. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512000622

Wang K, Wu Y, Su J, Zhang J, Zhang P and Qi X (2012) Total glucosides of paeony regulates JAK2/STAT3 activation and macrophage proliferation in diabetic rat kidneys. Am J Chin Med 40, 521-36.

Wang Q, Wang W, Wei S, Yu F, Peng F and Fang Y (2012) [Study on effect of different processing methods on seven main chemical components of wild and cultivated Paeonia lactiflora]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 37, 920-4.

Wang Q, Wei S and Wang W (2012) [Comparative study of plant morphological characteristics and photosynthetic physiological characteristics of wild and cultivated Paeonia lactiflora]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 37, 32-6.

Wang R, Peng X, Wang L, Tan B, Liu J, Feng Y and Yang S (2012) Preparative purification of peoniflorin and albiflorin from peony rhizome using macroporous resin and medium-pressure liquid chromatography. Journal of Separation Science 35, 1985-1992. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201200120

Wang S-D, Lin L-J, Chen C-L, Lee S-C, Lin C-C, Wang J-Y and Kao S-T (2012) Xiao-Qing-Long-Tang attenuates allergic airway inflammation and remodeling in repetitive Dermatogoides pteronyssinus challenged chronic asthmatic mice model. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 142, 531-538. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112003431

Wang X, Lou Y-J, Wang M-X, Shi Y-W, Xu H-X and Kong L-D (2012) Furocoumarins affect hepatic cytochrome P450 and renal organic ion transporters in mice. Toxicology Letters 209, 67-77. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378427411016493

Wang Y, Ding C, Wu C, Du K, Zhang J, Qin H, Hou J and Du G (2012) HPLC–MS and HPLC–MS/MS analysis of seven active constituents of Xiao-Xu-Ming decoction and application to a pharmacokinetic study after oral administration to rat. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B 2, 188-197. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211383512000214

Wang Y-Q, Qi L-W, Aa J, Wang G-J, Gao W, Cheng S-J, Wang Z-Z, Xiao W and Li P (2012) Comprehensive chemical profiling of Guizhi Fuling capsule by the combined use of gas chromatography–mass spectrometry with a deconvolution software and rapid-resolution liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. Biomedical Chromatography 26, 1286-1296. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.2695

Wen C-C, Chen H-M and Yang N-S (2012) Chapter 6 - Developing Phytocompounds from Medicinal Plants as Immunomodulators. In ‘Advances in Botanical Research’ (Ed.^(Eds Lie-Fen S and Allan SYL) pp. 197-272. (Academic Press). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123945914000040

Wen J, Qiao Y, Yang J, Liu X, Song Y, Liu Z and Li F (2012) UPLC–MS/MS determination of paeoniflorin, naringin, naringenin and glycyrrhetinic acid in rat plasma and its application to a pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of SiNiSan decoction. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 66, 271-277. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S073170851200163X

Wen X-D, Liu EH, Yang J, Li C-Y, Gao W, Qi L-W, Wang C-Z, Yuan C-S and Li P (2012) Identification of metabolites of Buyang Huanwu decoction in rat urine using liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 67–68, 114-122. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0731708512002233

Wong WW, Gabriel A, Maxwell GP and Gupta SC (2012) Bleeding Risks of Herbal, Homeopathic, and Dietary Supplements: A Hidden Nightmare for Plastic Surgeons? Aesthetic Surgery Journal 32, 332-346. http://aes.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/32/3/332

Wu H-X, Chen J-Y, Wang Q-T, Sun W-Y, Liu L-H, Zhang L-L and Wei W (2012) Expression and function of β-arrestin 2 stimulated by IL-1β in human fibroblast-like synoviocytes and the effect of paeoniflorin. International Immunopharmacology 12, 701-706. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576912000380

Wu Y, Jin Y, Li Y, Sun D, Liu X and Chen Y (2012) NIR spectroscopy as a process analytical technology (PAT) tool for on-line and real-time monitoring of an extraction process. Vibrational Spectroscopy 58, 109-118. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924203111001548

Xiao F, Li Q, et al. (2012) Comparative pharmacokinetics of three triterpene acids in rat plasma after oral administration of Poria extract and its formulated herbal preparation: GuiZhi-FuLing capsule. Fitoterapia 83, 117-124. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X11002589

Xu H, Song J, Gao X, Xu Z, Xu X, Xia Y and Dai Y (2012) Paeoniflorin Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Permeability of Endothelial Cells: Involvements of F-Actin Expression and Phosphorylations of PI3K/Akt and PKC. Inflammation.

Yang Y, Cheng X-R, Zhang G-R, Zhou W-X and Zhang Y-X (2012) Autocrine motility factor receptor is involved in the process of learning and memory in the central nervous system. Behavioural Brain Research 229, 412-418. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166432812000800

Yeung W-F, Chung K-F, Man-Ki Poon M, Yan-Yee Ho F, Zhang S-P, Zhang Z-J, Tat-Chi Ziea E and Wong VT (2012) Chinese herbal medicine for insomnia: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Sleep Medicine Reviews 16, 497-507. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1087079212000020

Zeng Y, Song J-X and Shen X-C (2012) Herbal Remedies Supply a Novel Prospect for the Treatment of Atherosclerosis: A Review of Current Mechanism Studies. Phytotherapy Research 26, 159-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3587

Zha L, Cheng M and Peng H (2012) Identification of ages and determination of paeoniflorin in roots of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. From four producing areas based on growth rings. Microsc Res Tech 75, 1191-6.

Zha L-P, Cheng M-E and Peng H-S (2012) Identification of ages and determination of paeoniflorin in roots of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. From four producing areas based on growth rings. Microscopy Research and Technique 75, 1191-1196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jemt.22048

Zhang C, Jiang M, Guo H, Zheng G, Yang J and Lu A (2012) Chapter 7 - Chinese Herbal Medicines for Rheumatoid Arthritis. In ‘Advances in Botanical Research’ (Ed.^(Eds Lie-Fen S and Allan SYL) pp. 273-313. (Academic Press). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123945914000052

Zhang L, Zhu L, Wang Y, Jiang Z, Chai X, Zhu Y, Gao X and Qi A (2012) Characterization and quantification of major constituents of Xue Fu Zhu Yu by UPLC-DAD–MS/MS. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 62, 203-209. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0731708511007333

Zhang W and Dai S (2012) Mechanisms involved in the therapeutic effects of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas in rheumatoid arthritis. Int Immunopharmacol 14, 27-31.

Zhang W and Dai S-M (2012) Mechanisms involved in the therapeutic effects of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas in rheumatoid arthritis. International Immunopharmacology 14, 27-31. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576912001701

Zhao D, Han C, Tao J, Wang J, Hao Z, Geng Q and Du B (2012) Effects of inflorescence stem structure and cell wall components on the mechanical strength of inflorescence stem in herbaceous peony. Int J Mol Sci 13, 4993-5009.

Zhao D, Hao Z and Tao J (2012) Effects of shade on plant growth and flower quality in the herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.). Plant Physiol Biochem 61, 187-96.

Zhao D, Hao Z and Tao J (2012) Effects of shade on plant growth and flower quality in the herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.). Plant physiology and biochemistry., 61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2012.10.005

Zhao D, Tao J, Han C and Ge J (2012) Flower color diversity revealed by differential expression of flavonoid biosynthetic genes and flavonoid accumulation in herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.). Mol Biol Rep 39, 11263-75.

Zhao D, Tao J, Han C and Ge J (2012) Flower color diversity revealed by differential expression of flavonoid biosynthetic genes and flavonoid accumulation in herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.). Molecular biology reports. 39, 11263-11275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-012-2036-7

Zhao L-D, Wang J-H, Jin G-R, Zhao Y and Zhang H-J (2012) Neuroprotective effect of Buyang Huanwu Decoction against focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats – Time window and mechanism. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 339-344. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000396

Zhen L, Zhu J, et al. (2012) The antidepressant-like effect of fisetin involves the serotonergic and noradrenergic system. Behavioural Brain Research 228, 359-366. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016643281100876X

Zhou Y, Ren Y, Ma Z, Jia G, Gao X, Zhang L and Qin X (2012) Identification and quantification of the major volatile constituents in antidepressant active fraction of xiaoyaosan by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 187-192. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000992

Zhou Z, Lin J, Huo R, Huang W, Zhang J, Wang L, Sun Y, Shen B and Li N (2012) Total glucosides of paeony attenuated functional maturation of dendritic cells via blocking TLR4/5 signaling in vivo. Int Immunopharmacol 14, 275-82.

Zuo ZY, Yang WR, Wang Y, Yang ZB, Jiang SZ and Zhang GG (2012) Effects of Astragalus membranaceus on laying performance and antioxidant status of laying hens. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 21, 243-250. http://japr.fass.org/cgi/content/abstract/21/2/243

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Paeonia lactiflora: 840; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

ARANTES-RODRIGUES R, COLACO A, PINTO-LEITE R, OLIVEIRA PA (2013) In Vitro and In Vivo Experimental Models as Tools to Investigate the Efficacy of Antineoplastic Drugs on Urinary Bladder Cancer. Anticancer Res 33, 1273-96. http://ar.iiarjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/33/4/1273

Budzynska K, Gardner ZE, Dog TL, Gardiner P (2013) Complementary, Holistic, and Integrative Medicine: Advice for Clinicians on Herbs and Breastfeeding. Pediatr. Rev. 34, 343-53. http://pedsinreview.aappublications.org

Crous PW, Braun U, Hunter GC, Wingfield MJ, Verkley GJM, Shin H-D, Nakashima C, Groenewald JZ (2013) Phylogenetic lineages in Pseudocercospora. Stud Mycol 75, 37-114. http://www.studiesinmycology.org/cgi/content/abstract/75/1/37

Gilmore B, Bassil N, Nyberg A, Knaus B, Smith D, Barney DL, Hummer K (2013) Microsatellite Marker Development in Peony using Next Generation Sequencing. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 138, 64-74. http://journal.ashspublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/138/1/64

Huang C, Zheng C, Li Y, Wang Y, Lu A, Yang L (2013) Systems pharmacology in drug discovery and therapeutic insight for herbal medicines. Brief Bioinform, bbt035. http://bib.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/bbt035v1

Yi L-T, Li J, Liu Q, Geng D, Zhou Y-F, Ke X-Q, Chen H, Weng L-J (2013) Antidepressant-like effect of oleanolic acid in mice exposed to the repeated forced swimming test. J Psychopharmacol 27, 459-68. http://jop.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/27/5/459

Anonymous (2012) 2.5 Rheumatoid arthritis – non biologic treatment. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 15, 63-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-185X.2012.01785.x

Bensch K, Braun U, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2012) The genus Cladosporium. Stud Mycol 72, 1-401. http://www.studiesinmycology.org/cgi/content/abstract/72/1/1

Booker A, Johnston D, Heinrich M (2012) Value chains of herbal medicines—Research needs and key challenges in the context of ethnopharmacology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 624-33. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000529

Buriani A, Garcia-Bermejo ML, et al. (2012) Omic techniques in systems biology approaches to traditional Chinese medicine research: Present and future. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 535-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000682

Camont L, Collin F, Couturier M, Thérond P, Jore D, Gardès-Albert M, Bonnefont-Rousselot D (2012) Radical-induced oxidation of trans-resveratrol. Biochimie 94, 741-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0300908411004214

Chang JS, Wang KC, Shieh DE, Hsu FF, Chiang LC (2012) Ge-Gen-Tang has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 139, 305-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111008257

Chen J, Wu H, Chen Y, Zhang L, Wang Q, Sun W, Wei W (2012) Paeoniflorin inhibits proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes through suppressing G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2. Planta Med 78, 665-71.

Chen J-Y, Chen H-L, Cheng J-C, Lin H-J, Tung Y-T, Lin C-F, Chen C-M (2012) A Chinese herbal medicine, Gexia-Zhuyu Tang (GZT), prevents dimethylnitrosamine-induced liver fibrosis through inhibition of hepatic stellate cells proliferation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 142, 811-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112003923

Chen Y, Zhou L, Xin R, Wang J, Jia X (2012) [Multi-channel analysis and comparison on absorption difference between paeoniflorin and Paeonia lactiflora extracts]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 37, 2012-6.

Dubinsky L, Krom BP, Meijler MM (2012) Diazirine based photoaffinity labeling. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 20, 554-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0968089611005062

Ebrahimi A, Schluesener H (2012) Natural polyphenols against neurodegenerative disorders: Potentials and pitfalls. Ageing Research Reviews 11, 329-45. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1568163712000074

Eichhorn T, Efferth T (2012) P-glycoprotein and its inhibition in tumors by phytochemicals derived from Chinese herbs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 557-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411100626X

Empl MT, Macke S, Winterhalter P, Puff C, Lapp S, Stoica G, Baumgärtner W, Steinberg P (2012) The growth of the canine glioblastoma cell line D-GBM and the canine histiocytic sarcoma cell line DH82 is inhibited by the resveratrol oligomers hopeaphenol and r2-viniferin. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 9999, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5829.2012.00349.x

Fan Y, Xie Y, Liu L, Ho H, Wong Y, Liu Z, Zhou H (2012) Paeoniflorin reduced acute toxicity of aconitine in rats is associated with the pharmacokinetic alteration of aconitine. J Ethnopharmacol 141, 701-8.

Fan YF, Xie Y, Liu L, Ho HM, Wong YF, Liu ZQ, Zhou H (2012) Paeoniflorin reduced acute toxicity of aconitine in rats is associated with the pharmacokinetic alteration of aconitine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 701-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111006544

Fang S, Zhu W, Zhang Y, Shu Y, Liu P (2012) Paeoniflorin modulates multidrug resistance of a human gastric cancer cell line via the inhibition of NF-?B activation. Mol Med Report 5, 351-6.

Gao Y, Qiu P-P, Liu W-H, Su W-M, Gai S-P, Liang Y-C, Zhu X-P (2012) Identification of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’ Associated with Tree Peony Yellows Disease in China. Journal of Phytopathology, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jph.12025

Gu L, Liu Y-J, Wang Y-B, Yi L-T (2012) Role for monoaminergic systems in the antidepressant-like effect of ethanol extracts from Hemerocallis citrina. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 139, 780-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111008944

He C, Zhang Y, Peng Y, Yang J, Xiao P (2012) Monoterpene glycosides from the seeds of Paeonia suffruticosa protect HEK 293 cells from irradiation-induced DNA damage. Phytochemistry Letters 5, 128-33. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874390011001728

Hu Z-Y, Liu G, Cheng X-R, Huang Y, Yang S, Qiao S-Y, Sun L, Zhou W-X, Zhang Y-X (2012) JD-30, an active fraction extracted from Danggui–Shaoyao–San, decreases β-amyloid content and deposition, improves LTP reduction and prevents spatial cognition impairment in SAMP8 mice. Experimental Gerontology 47, 14-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0531556511002440

Hwang Y, Kim T, Cho W, Jang D, Ha J, Ma J (2012) Food- and gender-dependent pharmacokinetics of paeoniflorin after oral administration with Samul-tang in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 142, 161-7.

Hwang Y-H, Kim T, Cho W-K, Jang D, Ha J-H, Ma JY (2012) Food- and gender-dependent pharmacokinetics of paeoniflorin after oral administration with Samul-tang in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 142, 161-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112002590

Ji L, Wang Q, Teixeira da Silva JA, Yu XN (2012) The genetic diversity of Paeonia L. Scientia Horticulturae 143, 62-74. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423812002725

Ji Q, Yang L, Zhou J, Lin R, Zhang J, Lin Q, Wang W, Zhang K (2012) Protective effects of paeoniflorin against cobalt chloride-induced apoptosis of endothelial cells via HIF-1α pathway. Toxicology in Vitro 26, 455-61. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887233312000173

Ji Q, Yang L, Zhou J, Lin R, Zhang J, Lin Q, Wang W, Zhang K (2012) Protective effects of paeoniflorin against cobalt chloride-induced apoptosis of endothelial cells via HIF-1? pathway. Toxicol In Vitro 26, 455-61.

Jiang B, Qiao J, Yang Y, Lu Y (2012) Inhibitory effect of paeoniflorin on the inflammatory vicious cycle between adipocytes and macrophages. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 113, 2560-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.22173

Jin S, Wen J, Wang T, Kang D, Lee H, Cho K (2012) Vasodilatory effects of ethanol extract of Radix Paeoniae Rubra and its mechanism of action in the rat aorta. J Ethnopharmacol 142, 188-93.

Jin SN, Wen JF, Wang TT, Kang DG, Lee HS, Cho KW (2012) Vasodilatory effects of ethanol extract of Radix Paeoniae Rubra and its mechanism of action in the rat aorta. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 142, 188-93. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112002620

Kang SN, Chu GM, Song YM, Jin SK, Hwang IH, Kim IS (2012) The effects of replacement of antibiotics with by-products of oriental medicinal plants on growth performance and meat qualities in fattening pigs. Animal Science Journal 83, 245-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-0929.2011.00942.x

Kim K-s, Hwang W-G, et al. (2012) Assessment of Indigo (Polygonum tinctorium Ait.) water extracts’ bioactive compounds, and their antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. LWT - Food Science and Technology 46, 500-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643811003720

Kuo J, Wang C, Lee T, Huang Y, Lin Y (2012) Paeoniae radix reduces PDGF-stimulated hepatic stellate cell migration. Planta Med 78, 341-8.

Lan Z, Liu J, Chen L, Fu Q, Luo J, Qu R, Kong L, Ma S (2012) Danggui-Shaoyao-San ameliorates cognition deficits and attenuates oxidative stress-related neuronal apoptosis in d-galactose-induced senescent mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 386-95. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112001468

Lee J-M, Hwang D-S, Kim HG, Lee C-H, Oh MS (2012) Dangguijakyak-san protects dopamine neurons against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced neurotoxicity under postmenopausal conditions. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 139, 883-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111008828

Li C, Tao J, Zhao D, You C, Ge J (2012) Effect of calcium sprays on mechanical strength and cell wall fractions of herbaceous peony (paeonia lactiflora pall.) inflorescence stems. Int J Mol Sci 13, 4704-13.

LI C, YAZAWA K, KONDO S, MUKUDAI Y, SATO D, KURIHARA Y, KAMATANI T, SHINTANI S (2012) The Root Bark of Paeonia moutan is a Potential Anticancer Agent in Human Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells. Anticancer Res 32, 2625-30. http://ar.iiarjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/32/7/2625

Li L-Q, Li J, et al. (2012) Lignans from the heartwood of Streblus asper and their inhibiting activities to Hepatitis B virus. Fitoterapia 83, 303-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X1100284X

Li P, Liu D, et al. (2012) BAFF/BAFF-R involved in antibodies production of rats with collagen-induced arthritis via PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling and the regulation of paeoniflorin. J Ethnopharmacol 141, 290-300.

Li P-P, Liu D-D, et al. (2012) BAFF/BAFF-R involved in antibodies production of rats with collagen-induced arthritis via PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling and the regulation of paeoniflorin. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 290-300. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112001195

Li Z-Y, Gao H-M, Sun J, Chen L-M, Wang Z-M, Zhang Q-W (2012) Secoiridoid Sulfonates from the Sulfiting-Processed Buds of Lonicera japonica. Helvetica Chimica Acta 95, 1144-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.201100488

Liu L-F, Durairajan SSK, Lu J-H, Koo I, Li M (2012) In vitro screening on amyloid precursor protein modulation of plants used in Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese medicine for memory improvement. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 141, 754-60. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111006386

Liu S, Cheng Y (2012) Old formula, new Rx: the journey of PHY906 as cancer adjuvant therapy. J Ethnopharmacol 140, 614-23.

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Zeng X, Yang J, Yang X, Hong D, Wu L, Yu J (2009) Effect of Guanxin No.2 decoction on gene expression in different areas of the myocardial infarcted heart of rats using microarray technology. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 61, 213-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1211/jpp.61.02.0011

Zhang GR, Cheng XR, Zhou WX, Zhang YX (2009) Age-related expression of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II A in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of senescence accelerated mouse prone/8 mice is modulated by anti–Alzheimer’s disease drugs. Neuroscience 159, 308-15. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306452208009688

Zhang P, Zhang JJ, Su J, Qi XM, Wu YG, Shen JJ (2009) Effect of total glucosides of paeony on the expression of nephrin in the kidneys from diabetic rats. Am J Chin Med 37, 295-307.

Zhang R-X, Fan AY, Zhou A-N, Moudgil KD, Ma Z-Z, Lee DY-W, Fong HHS, Berman BM, Lao L (2009) Extract of the Chinese herbal formula Huo Luo Xiao Ling Dan inhibited adjuvant arthritis in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 121, 366-71. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108006508

Zhang XJ, Chen HL, Li Z, Zhang HQ, Xu HX, Sung JJ, Bian ZX (2009) Analgesic effect of paeoniflorin in rats with neonatal maternal separation-induced visceral hyperalgesia is mediated through adenosine A(1) receptor by inhibiting the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathway. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 94, 88-97.

Zhang X-J, Chen H-L, Li Z, Zhang H-Q, Xu H-X, Sung JJY, Bian Z-X (2009) Analgesic effect of paeoniflorin in rats with neonatal maternal separation-induced visceral hyperalgesia is mediated through adenosine A1 receptor by inhibiting the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathway. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 94, 88-97. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091305709002366

Zhang Y, Li P-P (2009) Evaluation of estrogenic potential of Shu-Gan-Liang-Xue Decoction by dual-luciferase reporter based bioluminescent measurements in vitro. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 126, 345-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887410900511X

Zhang YH, Liu JT, Wen BY, Liu N (2009) Mechanisms of inhibiting proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells by serum of rats treated with Dahuang Zhechong pill. J Ethnopharmacol 124, 125-9.

Zhang Y-H, Liu J-T, Wen B-Y, Liu N (2009) Mechanisms of inhibiting proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells by serum of rats treated with Dahuang Zhechong pill. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 124, 125-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874109002165

Zhong SZ, Ge QH, Qu R, Li Q, Ma SP (2009) Paeonol attenuates neurotoxicity and ameliorates cognitive impairment induced by d-galactose in ICR mice. J Neurol Sci 277, 58-64.

Zhong S-Z, Ge Q-H, Qu R, Li Q, Ma S-P (2009) Paeonol attenuates neurotoxicity and ameliorates cognitive impairment induced by d-galactose in ICR mice. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 277, 58-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022510X08005157

Zhou J-L, Qi L-W, Li P (2009) Herbal medicine analysis by liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A 1216, 7582-94. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967309007882

Anonymous (2008) Geochemistry Articles - September 2007. Organic Geochemistry 39, e1-e21. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0146638007002823

Anonymous (2008) Table of Contents. The Journal of Pain 9, A16-A26. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1526590008005324

Anonymous (2008) Subject Index. Helvetica Chimica Acta 91, 2399-446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200890259

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Braca A, Kiem PV, Yen PH, Nhiem NX, Quang TH, Cuong NX, Minh CV (2008) New monoterpene glycosides from Paeonia lactiflora. Fitoterapia 79, 117-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X07002481

Brown RP, Gerbarg PL, Muskin PR (2008) Complementary and Alternative Treatments in Psychiatry. In ‘Psychiatry’ pp. 2318-53. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470515167.ch108

Chen F-P, Kung Y-Y, Chen Y-C, Jong M-S, Chen T-J, Chen F-J, Hwang S-J (2008) Frequency and pattern of Chinese herbal medicine prescriptions for chronic hepatitis in Taiwan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 117, 84-91. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108000433

Chen X, Wang KC, Wu ML, Hang YY, Zhou YF (2008) [Study on balanced application of NPK fertilizer on growth of Paeonia lactiflora with orthogonal design]. Zhong Yao Cai 31, 805-7.

Díaz JG, Carmona AJ, de Paz PP, Herz W (2008) Acylated flavonol glycosides from Delphinium staphisagria. Phytochemistry Letters 1, 125-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874390008000360

Ersoy S, Orhan I, Turan NN, Şahan G, Ark M, Tosun F (2008) Endothelium-dependent induction of vasorelaxation by Melissa officinalis L. ssp. officinalis in rat isolated thoracic aorta. Phytomedicine 15, 1087-92. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711308001050

Feng XF, Hu SL, Zhang YX, He Y, Zhang QW, Ge XG, Yang JY (2008) [Dynamic change of paeoniflorin content in root of Paeonia lactiflora growing at Duolun County, Inner Mongolia]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 33, 244-7.

Fujimoto M, Tsuneyama K, et al. (2008) Evidence-Based Efficacy of Kampo Formulas in a Model of Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver. Exp Biol Med 233, 328-37. http://ebm.rsmjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/233/3/328

Hoimes CJ, Lamb L, et al. (2008) A phase I/II study of PHY906 plus capecitabine (CAP) in patients (pts) with advanced pancreatic cancer (APC). ASCO Meeting Abstracts 26, 15538-. http://meeting.ascopubs.org/cgi/content/abstract/26/15_suppl/15538

Huang W, Ochiai H, Zhang X, Wang L-X (2008) Introducing N-glycans into natural products through a chemoenzymatic approach. Carbohydrate Research 343, 2903-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008621508004266

Jia N, Shu Q-Y, Wang D-H, Wang L-S, Liu Z-A, Ren H-X, Xu Y-J, Tian D-K, Tilt KM (2008) Identification and Characterization of Anthocyanins by High-performance Liquid Chromatography-Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry in Herbaceous Peony Species. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 133, 418-26. http://journal.ashspublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/133/3/418

Jia N, Shu Q-Y, Wang L-S, Du H, Xu Y-J, Liu Z-A (2008) Analysis of petal anthocyanins to investigate coloration mechanism in herbaceous peony cultivars. Scientia horticulturae. 117, 167-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2008.03.016

Kim JS, Yean MH, Lee JY, Kim YJ, Lee EJ, Lee SY, Kang SS (2008) A New Monoterpene Glucoside from the Roots of Paeonia lactiflora. Helvetica Chimica Acta 91, 85-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200890017

Lee B, Shin YW, Bae EA, Han SJ, Kim JS, Kang SS, Kim DH (2008) Antiallergic effect of the root of Paeonia lactiflora and its constituents paeoniflorin and paeonol. Arch Pharm Res 31, 445-50.

Lee JH, Kim JW, et al. (2008) Mast Cell-Mediated Allergic Response Is Suppressed by Sophorae Flos: Inhibition of Src-Family Kinase. Exp Biol Med 233, 1271-9. http://ebm.rsmjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/233/10/1271

Lee SM, Yoon MY, Park HR (2008) Protective effects of Paeonia lactiflora pall on hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 72, 1272-7.

Li HB, Wong CC, Cheng KW, Chen F (2008) Antioxidant properties in vitro and total phenolic contents in methanol extracts from medicinal plants. Food science and technology. 41, 3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2007.03.011

Li H-B, Wong C-C, Cheng K-W, Chen F (2008) Antioxidant properties in vitro and total phenolic contents in methanol extracts from medicinal plants. LWT - Food Science and Technology 41, 385-90. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643807001272

Li SX, Zheng FY (2008) Speciation analysis, bioavailability and risk assessment of copper complexes in phytomedicines using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Planta Med 74, 1302-7.

Li S-X, Zheng F-Y (2008) Speciation analysis, bioavailability and risk assessment of copper complexes in phytomedicines using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Planta medica. 74, 1302-7.

Liu S, Yi L-Z, Liang Y-Z (2008) Traditional Chinese medicine and separation science. Journal of Separation Science 31, 2113-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200800134

Man M-Q, Shi Y, Man M, Lee SH, Demerjian M, Chang S, Feingold KR, Elias PM (2008) Chinese herbal medicine (Tuhuai extract) exhibits topical anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory activity in murine disease models. Experimental Dermatology 17, 681-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0625.2007.00690.x

Mao Q, Huang Z, Ip S, Che C (2008) Antidepressant-like effect of ethanol extract from Paeonia lactiflora in mice. Phytother Res 22, 1496-9.

Mao QQ, Ip SP, Tsai SH, Che CT (2008) Antidepressant-like effect of peony glycosides in mice. J Ethnopharmacol 119, 272-5.

Mao Q-Q, Ip S-P, Tsai S-H, Che C-T (2008) Antidepressant-like effect of peony glycosides in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 119, 272-5. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887410800384X

Nakagawa T, Goto H, Hussein G, Hikiami H, Shibahara N, Shimada Y (2008) Keishibukuryogan ameliorates glucose intolerance and hyperlipidemia in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 80, 40-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168822707006158

Nizamutdinova IT, Jin YC, et al. (2008) Paeonol and paeoniflorin, the main active principles of Paeonia albiflora, protect the heart from myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. Planta medica. 74, 14-8.

Okasaka M, Kashiwada Y, Kodzhimatov OK, Ashurmetov O, Takaishi Y (2008) Monoterpene glycosides from Paeonia hybrida. Phytochemistry 69, 1767-72. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003194220800109X

Oya A, Oikawa T, Nakai A, Takeshita T, Hanawa T (2008) Clinical efficacy of Kampo medicine (Japanese traditional herbal medicine) in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 34, 898-908. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0756.2008.00847.x

Peng HS, Wang DQ, Xu SJ (2008) [The Development and evolution of differentiation between Radix Paeoniae Rubra and Radix Paeoniae Alba.]. Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 38, 133-6.

Prasad MNV (2008) Trace Elements in Traditional Healing Plants—Remedies or Risks. In ‘Trace Elements as Contaminants and Nutrients’ pp. 137-60. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470370124.ch7

Shi KB, Sheng ZH, Hao SY (2008) [Analysis of Paeonia lactiflora by X-ray diffraction Fourier pattern method]. Zhong Yao Cai 31, 1315-8.

Su S, Hua Y, Duan J-a, Shang E, Tang Y, Bao X, Lu Y, Ding A (2008) Hypothesis of active components in volatile oil from a Chinese herb formulation, ‘Shao-Fu-Zhu-Yu decoction’, using GC-MS and chemometrics. Journal of Separation Science 31, 1085-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200700492

Su S-L, Yu L, Hua Y-Q, Duan J-A, Deng H-S, Tang Y-P, Lu Y, Ding A-W (2008) Screening and analyzing the potential bioactive components from Shaofu Zhuyu decoction, using human umbilical vein endothelial cell extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Biomedical Chromatography 22, 1385-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.1070

Sun LR, Cao X, Hou FQ, Zhu XH, Gao TM (2008) [Progressive studies of paeoniflorin]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 33, 2028-32.

Sun WY, Wei W, Gui SY, Wu L, Wang H (2008) Protective effect of extract from Paeonia lactiflora and Astragalus membranaceus against liver injury induced by bacillus Calmette-Guerin and lipopolysaccharide in mice. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 103, 143-9.

Sun W-Y, Wei W, Gui S-Y, Wu L, Wang H (2008) Protective Effect of Extract from Paeonia lactiflora and Astragalus membranaceus against Liver Injury Induced by Bacillus Calmette-Guérin and Lipopolysaccharide in Mice. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology 103, 143-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2008.00243.x

Tang H, Min G, Ge B, Li Y, Liu X, Jiang S (2008) Evaluation of protective effects of Chi-Zhi-Huang decoction on Phase I drug metabolism of liver injured rats by cocktail probe drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 117, 420-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108001001

Tsai HY, Lin HY, Fong YC, Wu JB, Chen YF, Tsuzuki M, Tang CH (2008) Paeonol inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis by inhibiting ERK, p38 and NF-kappaB pathway. Eur J Pharmacol 588, 124-33.

Tsai H-Y, Lin H-Y, Fong Y-C, Wu J-B, Chen Y-F, Tsuzuki M, Tang C-H (2008) Paeonol inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis by inhibiting ERK, p38 and NF-κB pathway. European Journal of Pharmacology 588, 124-33. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014299908004421

Wang C-h, Wang R, Cheng X-m, He Y-q, Wang Z-t, Wu C, Cao J (2008) Comparative pharmacokinetic study of paeoniflorin after oral administration of decoction of Radix Paeoniae Rubra and Radix Paeoniae Alba in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 117, 467-72. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108001141

White AG, Davies-Coleman MT, Ripley BS (2008) Measuring and optimising umckalin concentration in wild-harvested and cultivated Pelargonium sidoides (Geraniaceae). South African Journal of Botany 74, 260-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S025462990700419X

Wu H, Li W, Wang T, Shu Y, Liu P (2008) Paeoniflorin suppress NF-κB activation through modulation of IκBα and enhances 5-fluorouracil-induced apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma cells. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 62, 659-66. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0753332208002746

Xiao K, Zhang H-J, Xuan L-J, Zhang J, Xu Y-M, Bai D-L (2008) Stilbenoids: Chemistry and bioactivities. In ‘Studies in Natural Products Chemistry’. (Ed. Atta ur R) pp. 453-646. (Elsevier). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1572599508800324

Yao Z, Shulan Z (2008) Inhibition effect of Guizhi-Fuling-decoction on the invasion of human cervical cancer. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 120, 25-35. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108004078

Zhang XJ, Li Z, Leung WM, Liu L, Xu HX, Bian ZX (2008) The analgesic effect of paeoniflorin on neonatal maternal separation-induced visceral hyperalgesia in rats. J Pain 9, 497-505.

Zhang X-j, Li Z, Leung W-m, Liu L, Xu H-x, Bian Z-x (2008) The Analgesic Effect of Paeoniflorin on Neonatal Maternal Separation–Induced Visceral Hyperalgesia in Rats. The Journal of Pain 9, 497-505. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1526590008003520

Zou Y-H, Yang Y, Li J, Wu Q, Li W-P, Lu J-T, Roberts MS (2008) Potential therapeutic effects of a traditional Chinese formulation, BJ-JN, on liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 120, 452-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108005114

Anonymous (2007) Subject Index. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 113, e34-e85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874107004539

Anonymous (2007) A compound traditional Chinese medicine taken during three menstrual periods relieved menstruation pain as much as placebo. Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies 12, 25-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1211/fact.12.1.0013

Anonymous (2007) Current literature in mass spectrometry. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 42, 1649-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1081

Cai GX, Liu BY, Liu W, Tan XH, Rong JH, Chen XM, Tong L, Shen JG (2007) Buyang Huanwu Decoction can improve recovery of neurological function, reduce infarction volume, stimulate neural proliferation and modulate VEGF and Flk1 expressions in transient focal cerebral ischaemic rat brains. Journal of ethnopharmacology. 5, 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.06.007

Cai X, Zhou H, Wong YF, Xie Y, Liu ZQ, Jiang ZH, Bian ZX, Xu HX, Liu L (2007) Suppression of the onset and progression of collagen-induced arthritis in rats by QFGJS, a preparation from an anti-arthritic Chinese herbal formula. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 110, 39-48. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887410600451X

Dong H, Liu Z, Song F, Yu Z, Li H, Liu S (2007) Structural analysis of monoterpene glycosides extracted from Paeonia lactiflora Pall. using electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 21, 3193-9.

Efferth T, Miyachi H, Bartsch H (2007) Pharmacogenomics of a Traditional Japanese Herbal Medicine (Kampo) for Cancer Therapy. Cancer Genomics Proteomics 4, 81-91. http://cgp.iiarjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/4/2/81

Feng-Ying Z, Shun-Xing L, Lu-Xiu L (2007) Assessment of bioavailability and risk of iron in phytomedicines Aconitum carmichaeli and Paeonia lactiflora. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 21, 77-83. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0946672X07000041

Gunter R N (2007) Chapter 8 - Blood stasis in the practice of TCM – formulas and acupuncture. In ‘Blood Stasis’ pp. 97-138. (Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443101854500163

Guo L, Cho SY, Kang SS, Lee SH, Baek HY, Kim YS (2007) Orthogonal array design for optimizing extraction efficiency of active constituents from Jakyak-Gamcho Decoction, the complex formula of herbal medicines, Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix. J Ethnopharmacol 113, 306-11.

Guo L, Cho SY, Kang SS, Lee S-H, Baek H-Y, Kim YS (2007) Orthogonal array design for optimizing extraction efficiency of active constituents from Jakyak-Gamcho Decoction, the complex formula of herbal medicines, Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 113, 306-11. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874107003108

Guo LY, Cho SY, Kang SS, Lee SH, Baek HY, Kim YS (2007) Orthogonal array design for optimizing extraction efficiency of active constituents from Jakyak-Gamcho Decoction, the complex formula of herbal medicines, Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix. Journal of ethnopharmacology. 5, 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.06.013

Hall AJ, Catley JL, Walton EF (2007) The effect of forcing temperature on peony shoot and flower development. Scientia Horticulturae 113, 188-95. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423807000982

Hill P (2007) Treatment of canine atopic dermatitis: balancing the three factors. In Pract 29, 566-73. http://inpractice.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/29/10/566

Huang MQ, Li ZM, Li XL, Xie YL, Zhao XJ, Su ZR (2007) [Effect compound decoction on notoginsenosides in Panax notoginseng]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 32, 909-12.

Lau CH, Chan CM, et al. (2007) Pharmacological investigations of the anti-diabetic effect of Cortex Moutan and its active component paeonol. Phytomedicine 14, 778-84. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711307000116

Lee JG, Shin BS, Lee YC, Park SW, Kim YH (2007) Clinical effectiveness of the Kampo medicine kamishoyosan for adjunctive treatment of tardive dyskinesia in patients with schizophrenia: A 16-week open trial. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 61, 509-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2007.01700.x

Li CR, Zhou Z, Zhu D, Sun YN, Dai JM, Wang SQ (2007) Protective effect of paeoniflorin on irradiation-induced cell damage involved in modulation of reactive oxygen species and the mitogen-activated protein kinases. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 39, 426-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S135727250600269X

Li R, Wang X, Zhou Y, Cai M, Ding L (2007) Analysis of sodium adduct paeoniflorin, albiflorin and their derivatives by (+)ESI-MSn, DFT calculations and computer-aided mass spectrometry analysis program. J Mass Spectrom 42, 335-45.

Li TJ, Qiu Y, Mao JQ, Yang PY, Rui YC, Chen WS (2007) Protective effects of Guizhi-Fuling-Capsules on rat brain ischemia/reperfusion injury. J Pharmacol Sci 105, 34-40.

Liao H, Banbury LK, Leach DN (2007) Elucidation of danzhixiaoyao wan and its constituent herbs on antioxidant activity and inhibition of nitric oxide production. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 4, 425-30.

Nakagawa T, Goto H, Hikiami H, Yokozawa T, Shibahara N, Shimada Y (2007) Protective effects of keishibukuryogan on the kidney of spontaneously diabetic WBN Kob rats. Journal of ethnopharmacology. 21, 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2006.09.043

Nizamutdinova IT, Oh HM, et al. (2007) Paeonol suppresses intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in tumor necrosis factor-α-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells by blocking p38, ERK and nuclear factor-κB signaling pathways. International Immunopharmacology 7, 343-50. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576906003584

Nizamutdinova IT, Oh HM, et al. (2007) Paeonol suppresses intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in tumor necrosis factor-alpha-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells by blocking p38, ERK and nuclear factor-kappaB signaling pathways. Int Immunopharmacol 7, 343-50.

Okabe T, Fujisawa M, Sekiya T, Ichikawa Y, Goto J (2007) Successful treatment of spinocerebellar ataxia 6 with medicinal herbs. Geriatrics & Gerontology International 7, 195-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0594.2007.00378.x

Pan J, Zhang D, Sang T (2007) Molecular phylogenetic evidence for the origin of a diploid hybrid of Paeonia (Paeoniaceae). Am. J. Botany 94, 400-8. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/94/3/400

Peng HS, Wang DQ (2007) [The development and evolution of differentiation between Radix Paeoniae Rubra and Radix Paeoniae Alba]. Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 37, 133-6.

Schubert K, Braun U, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2007) Cladosporium leaf-blotch and stem rot of Paeonia spp. caused by Dichocladosporium chlorocephalum gen. nov. Stud Mycol 58, 95-104. http://www.studiesinmycology.org/cgi/content/abstract/58/1/95

Seo MJ, Shin JH, Sohn JK (2007) Cryopreservation of dormant herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora pall.) shoot-tips by desiccation. Cryo Letters 28, 207-13.

Southgate MT (2007) Paeonia suffruticosa. JAMA 297, 2323-. http://jama.ama-assn.org

Sun WY, Wei W, Wu L, Gui SY, Wang H (2007) Effects and mechanisms of extract from Paeonia lactiflora and Astragalus membranaceus on liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 112, 514-23.

Sun W-Y, Wei W, Wu L, Gui S-Y, Wang H (2007) Effects and mechanisms of extract from Paeonia lactiflora and Astragalus membranaceus on liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 112, 514-23. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874107002000

Tai L (2007) Chapter 4 - Breast Cancer. In ‘Integrating Conventional and Chinese Medicine in Cancer Care’ pp. 89-154. (Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443100635500087

Tai L (2007) Chapter 3 - Colorectal Cancer. In ‘Integrating Conventional and Chinese Medicine in Cancer Care’ pp. 61-88. (Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443100635500075

Tai L (2007) Chapter 10 - Lymphomas. In ‘Integrating Conventional and Chinese Medicine in Cancer Care’ pp. 253-82. (Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443100635500142

Tai L (2007) Chapter 14 - Prevention. In ‘Integrating Conventional and Chinese Medicine in Cancer Care’ pp. 341-62. (Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978044310063550018X

Wang S-Q, Zhang D (2007) Chromosomal inversion heterozygosity in Paeonia intermedia (Paeoniaceae). Plant Science 172, 380-92. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168945206002718

Wu H, Wei W, Song L, Zhang L, Chen Y, Hu X (2007) Paeoniflorin induced immune tolerance of mesenteric lymph node lymphocytes via enhancing beta 2-adrenergic receptor desensitization in rats with adjuvant arthritis. International Immunopharmacology 7, 662-73. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576907000318

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Anonymous REFERENCES. In ‘Botanical Medicine for Women’s Health’ pp. 616-64. (Churchill Livingstone: Saint Louis). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443072772000489

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Anonymous Subject Index Scientia Horticulturae Volume 123. Scientia Horticulturae 123, e7-e18. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423809005536

Anonymous 8 - Herbal approaches to pathological states. In ‘Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy (Second Edition)’ pp. 140-82. (Churchill Livingstone: Saint Louis). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443069925000086

Anonymous APPENDIX I - Common and Botanical Medicine Names Quick Reference Dose Chart. In ‘Botanical Medicine for Women’s Health’ pp. 612-5. (Churchill Livingstone: Saint Louis). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443072772000337

Anonymous Contents of Scientia Horticulturae Volume 123. Scientia Horticulturae 123, e19-e22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423809005548

Anonymous Volume Contents. Postharvest Biology and Technology 58, I-II. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925521410002036

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Alesiani D, Canini A, D’Abrosca B, DellaGreca M, Fiorentino A, Mastellone C, Monaco P, Pacifico S Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of phytochemicals from Quince (Cydonia vulgaris) peels. Food Chemistry 118, 199-207. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814609005573

Apostolou A, Stagos D, et al. Assessment of polyphenolic content, antioxidant activity, protection against ROS-induced DNA damage and anticancer activity of Vitis vinifera stem extracts. Food and Chemical Toxicology. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691513000677

Asai M, Kawashima D, Katagiri K, Takeuchi R, Tohnai G, Ohtsuka K Protective effect of a molecular chaperone inducer, paeoniflorin, on the HCl- and ethanol-triggered gastric mucosal injury. Life Sci 88, 350-7.

Bao M-h, Zhang Y-w, Zhou H-h Paeonol suppresses oxidized low-density lipoprotein induced endothelial cell apoptosis via activation of LOX-1/p38MAPK/NF-κB pathway. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874113000457

Baumgartner RR, Steinmann D, Heiss EH, Atanasov AG, Ganzera M, Stuppner H, Dirsch VM Bioactivity-guided isolation of 1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-D-glucopyranose from Paeonia lactiflora roots as a PTP1B inhibitor. J Nat Prod 73, 1578-81.

Bin H Ultrastructural aspects of pollen embryogenesis in Hordeum, Triticum and Paeonia. Haploids of higher plants in vitro / edited by Hu Han and Yang Hongyuan., 91-117.

Bishayee A, Politis T, Darvesh AS Resveratrol in the chemoprevention and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer Treatment Reviews 36, 43-53. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305737209001558

Boneberger S, Rupec RA, Ruzicka T Complementary therapy for atopic dermatitis and other allergic skin diseases: facts and controversies. Clinics in Dermatology 28, 57-61. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0738081X09000637

Booker A, Johnston D, Heinrich M Value chains of herbal medicines—Research needs and key challenges in the context of ethnopharmacology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 624-33. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000529

Budgin JB, Flaherty MJ Alternative Therapies in Veterinary Dermatology. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 43, 189-204. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195561612001416

Buriani A, Garcia-Bermejo ML, et al. Omic techniques in systems biology approaches to traditional Chinese medicine research: Present and future. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 535-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000682

Burns JJ, Zhao L, Taylor EW, Spelman K The influence of traditional herbal formulas on cytokine activity. Toxicology 278, 140-59. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0300483X09004934

Byun J-S, Yang S-Y, Jeong I-C, Hong K-E, Kang W, Yeo Y, Park Y-C Effects of So-cheong-ryong-tang and Yeon-gyo-pae-dok-san on the common cold: Randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133, 642-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411000766X

Cai W, Chen J Chapter 33 - Herbs Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine in Treatment of Heart Diseases. In ‘Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease’ pp. 551-90. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012396485400030X

Cai Y, Chen J, Jiang J, Cao W, He L Zhen-wu-tang, a blended traditional Chinese herbal medicine, ameliorates proteinuria and renal damage of streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 131, 88-94. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110003892

Camont L, Collin F, Couturier M, ThÉrond P, Jore D, Gardès-Albert M, Bonnefont-Rousselot D Radical-induced oxidation of trans-resveratrol. Biochimie 94, 741-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0300908411004214

Cao B-Y, Yang Y-P, Luo W-F, Mao C-J, Han R, Sun X, Cheng J, Liu C-F Paeoniflorin, a potent natural compound, protects PC12 cells from MPP+ and acidic damage via autophagic pathway. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 131, 122-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411000406X

Cao H, Yu R, et al. Discovery of cyclooxygenase inhibitors from medicinal plants used to treat inflammation. Pharmacological Research 61, 519-24. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1043661810000599

Cardin L, Onesto JP, Moury B First Report of Cucumber mosaic virus in Paeonia lactifera in France. Plant disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology. 94, 790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-94-6-0790C

Champy P Artifacts and Natural Substances Formed Spontaneously. In ‘Biomimetic Organic Synthesis’ pp. 847-934. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783527634606.ch24

Chang JS, Wang KC, Shieh DE, Hsu FF, Chiang LC Ge-Gen-Tang has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 139, 305-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111008257

Chang Y, Zhang L, Wang C, Jia XY, Wei W Paeoniflorin inhibits function of synoviocytes pretreated by rIL-1? and regulates EP4 receptor expression. J Ethnopharmacol 137, 1275-82.

Chang Y, Zhang L, Wang C, Jia X-Y, Wei W Paeoniflorin inhibits function of synoviocytes pretreated by rIL-1α and regulates EP4 receptor expression. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137, 1275-82. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111005502

Chen C-Y, Zu Y-G, Fu Y-J, Luo M, Zhao C-J, Wang W, Zhao B-S, Li J, Efferth T Preparation and antioxidant activity of Radix Astragali residues extracts rich in calycosin and formononetin. Biochemical Engineering Journal 56, 84-93. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369703X11001537

Chen G, Wu L, Deng C-Q The effects of BuYang HuanWu Decoction and its effective components on proliferation-related factors and ERK1/2 signal transduction pathway in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 7-14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111000961

Chen J, Zhu H, Chu VM, Jang YS, Son JY, Kim YH, Son CG, Seol IC, Kang JS Quality control of a herbal medicinal preparation using high-performance liquid chromatographic and capillary electrophoretic methods. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 55, 206-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0731708510007296

Chen J-Y, Chen H-L, Cheng J-C, Lin H-J, Tung Y-T, Lin C-F, Chen C-M A Chinese herbal medicine, Gexia-Zhuyu Tang (GZT), prevents dimethylnitrosamine-induced liver fibrosis through inhibition of hepatic stellate cells proliferation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 142, 811-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112003923

Chen L-C, Wang B-R, Chen IC, Shao C-H Use of Chinese herbal medicine among menopausal women in Taiwan. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 109, 63-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020729209006092

Chen T, Guo ZP, Jiao XY, Jia RZ, Zhang YH, Li JY, Huang XL, Liu HJ Peoniflorin suppresses tumor necrosis factor-? induced chemokine production in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells by blocking nuclear factor-?B and ERK pathway. Arch Dermatol Res 303, 351-60.

Chen T, Guo ZP, Jiao XY, Zhang YH, Li JY, Liu HJ Protective effects of peoniflorin against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 89, 445-53.

Chen Y-L, Huang X-Q, et al. Relieving visceral hyperalgesia effect of Kangtai capsule and its potential mechanisms via modulating the 5-HT and NO level in vivo. Phytomedicine 20, 249-57. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711312003637

Chen Z, Li X-P, Li Z-J, Xu L, Li X-M Reduced hepatotoxicity by total glucosides of paeony in combination treatment with leflunomide and methotrexate for patients with active rheumatoid arthritis. International Immunopharmacology 15, 474-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567576913000386

Cheng H-M, Li C-C, et al. Application of bioactivity database of Chinese herbal medicine on the therapeutic prediction, drug development, and safety evaluation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 132, 429-37. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110005696

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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